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Size: 1403 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Mon Apr 2 14:08:50 2012. Baldea (Plataforma Balear de Defensa de los Animales) es la Federaci³n de entidades de protecci³n animal, creada el 2005 , que agrupa a diferentes asociaciones de las islas, que desde hace muchos a RESUMEN DE LAS ACTIVIDADES DE Baldea 2011RESUMEN DE LAS ACTIVIDADES DE Baldea 2011Como cada a o Baldea adem s de su campa a navide a ha estado con un estand en lasBene des y ha repartido el folleto q. Size: 76 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Mon Apr 6 20:20:37 2009. Essay Purim. Microsoft Word - Brian Hutching.docx Helping people Welland Tribune April 6 2009PROFILE Brian Hutchings Niagara s Commissioner of Community Services likesto get out and subject to thesis see the people and agencies his department is essay about, tasked with assistingBrian Hutchings has a great view from of the essays evil, his spacious third-floor corner office at regionalheadquartersOn a clear day he can see the towers of essay Niagara FallsBut he does. ridleycollege.com/ftpimages/180/download/Brian Hutching. an Hutching.pdf. Size: 1197 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Mon Apr 15 19:55:43 2013. Essay To Talk. RESUMEN DE LAS ACTIVIDADES DE Baldea 2012 MEMORIA DE ACTIVIDADES EN 2012UNIDAD M VIL DE CONTROL DE NATALIDAD DE ANIMALES ABANDONADOSSin duda uno de los grandes logros de este a o ha sido conseguir dotar nuestra Unidad M vil con unequipo quir rgico que tiene con todas las garant as permisos y requerimientos para operar en las mejorescondiciones y que podremos utilizar en el control de colonias feli. Size: 57 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Sat Sep 4 15:45:02 2010. Brian Hall (20/8/1937 - Brian Hall 20 8 1937 - 30 8 2010We regret to announce the passing of Brian Hall after a long battle over several yearswith cancerBrian was an international athlete on about, the track and over the country an organiser ofraces an administrator and subject a determined battler to improve athletic facilities in theWinsford area of essay about purim CheshireBrian was a prominent middle distance athlete in owl apa headings the. cheshireaa.com/News/2010/Brian Ha. Essay About Purim. ll Obituary.pdf. Size: 83 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Fri Jul 27 09:14:48 2012. Logical Connectors. Brian Kurt Preston July 18 1961 - July 25 2012DurhamBorn in about purim San Angelo Texas to purdue Max Preston and about purim Norma Wren Preston Brian graduated from UNC Chapel Hillwith a BS in Psychology and to talk MS in Rehabilitation Counseling Brian dedicated his career to the rehabilitationof survivors of traumatic brain injury Brian began his career with NC Vocational Rehabilitation and essay about purim LearningServices to provide assessment an. Subject To Thesis. bianc.net/docs/Memorials/Brian K. Essay About. urt Preston.pdf.
Size: 25 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Tue Oct 2 17:00:58 2007. A Guide For Creative Thinking By Brian Tracy. Teaching A Stone To Talk. Microsoft Word - A Guide For Creative Thinking by Brian Tracy.doc A Guide For Creative Thinkingby Brian TracyEinstein once said Every child is about purim, born a genius But the my teacher my hero essay writing reason why most people do not function atgenius levels is because they are not aware of how creative and smart they really areI call it the Schwarzenegger effect No one would look at a person such as Arnold Schwarzenegger andthink how . secretsellingtips.com/Articles/A Guide For Creative Thi. Essay. Brian Tracy.pdf. Size: 1492 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Mon Nov 19 09:01:28 2012. Brian BARRY FALL WINTER 12 13 Brian BARRY FALL WINTER 12 13BRIAN BARRY FALL WINTER 12 13BRIAN BARRY FALL WINTER 12 13. Size: 15 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Wed Feb 13 06:45:44 2008. Boosting The Customer's Self Esteem By Brian Tracy. Dissertation Philosophique Sur La Technique. Microsoft Word - Boosting the Customer's Self Esteem by Brian Tracy.doc Boosting the Customer s Self-EsteemBy Brian TracyListening Builds Self-EsteemIt has been said that Rapt attention is the highest form of flattery When you listenintently to another person and essay about it is logical essay, clear that you genuinely care about what that otherperson is saying his or her self-esteem goes up His or her feeling of personal . Purim. secretsellingtips.com/Articles/Boosting the Customer#039;s . Connectors. Brian Tracy.pdf.
Size: 50 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Mon May 20 14:30:46 2013. Essay Purim. Brian Polagye University Of Washington. Philosophique Sur La Technique. Microsoft PowerPoint - Brian Polagye - University of essay Washington Sustainability of logical essay Tidal EnergyDr Brian PolagyeDr Lekelia JenkinsDr Mitsuhiro KawaseDr Alberto AlisedaUniversity of about WashingtonSustainability of Tidal Energy 1230426Problem StatementHow to balance benefits of subject large-scale electricitygeneration from tidal currents againstenvironmental and societal costsImportance Tidal currents can produc. Size: 87 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Mon Jun 16 09:54:57 2014. Feature John Salza V Fr Brian Harrison On The Canonizations. Purim. John Salza v Fr Brian Harrison On the Canonizations of John XXIII and John Paul IIThe Remnant Debating the my teacher my hero essay writing contest Relevant IssuesJune 15 2014In The Remnant s May 31 2014 Letters to the Editor Fr Brian Harrison wrote anobjection to about my article Questioning the dissertation philosophique Validity of the Canonizations of John XXIII andJohn Paul II claiming that I did not establish as fact that certain teachings and actionsof John XXIII. scripturecatholic.com/feature-articles/Catholic Traditi. Essay About. nonizations.pdf.
Size: 99 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Fri Mar 7 17:55:02 2014. MM 10 Baldea 8 MALLORCA AKTUELL Mallorca Magazin 10 2014MM-GESCHICHTE NIM ARCHIV GEBL TTERT1974Die Lonjasoll allen dienenDie Provinzialverwaltungf r die Balearen hat be-schlossen die Lonja daswohl ber hmteste Geb udegotischer Architektur inPalma f r soziale kulturel-le und k nstlerische Veran-staltungen zur Verf gungzu stellen Vor kurzemerst fand in dissertation technique der Lonja einGala-Diner zu Ehren vonPrinz Juan C. Size: 1005 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Thu Mar 29 16:39:31 2012. About Purim. Jahresbericht 2011 Baldea - Dachverband der balearischen Tierschutzvereine JAHRESBERICHTdes Dachverbandes der balearischen Tierschutzvereine Baldea 2012F LLE VON SCHLECHTER TIERHALTUNGAuch 2011 ging Baldea wieder mehr als 70 F llen nach in denen B rger klagten dasssich Haus- oder Nutztiere in schlechter Haltung befanden und auch Feste mit Tierenabgehalten oder auf M rkten verkauft wurden Auff llig. Size: 30 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Wed Sep 7 11:00:41 2005. Logical Connectors Essay. Microsoft Word - Brian Gay.doc PRESS RELEASE12715 Telge Road For Immediate Release September 7 2005Cypress Texas 77429 Contact Debbie Clifford ICEDPhone 281-256-4100 Phone 281-256-4245www iced net Fax 281-373-4450For an essay electronic press release dclifford iced nethttp www iced net newsFranchising Executive Leaves Post to Become FranchiseeCYPRESS Tex Today there is teaching to talk, a changing of the guard at the Int. kwikkopy.com/ru/PDFRelease. Essay. s/Brian Gay.pdf.
Size: 257 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Thu Nov 15 15:29:07 2007. Microsoft PowerPoint - Brian Duerden.ppt MRSA National developmentsProgress Challenges andTargetsProfessor Brian DuerdenInspector of Microbiology and InfectionControlDepartment of Health LondonThe MRSA challenge - 2007Bacteraemia - annual quarterly2001 2 7291 Q Av 18232002 3 7426 Q Av 18562003 4 7700 Q Av 19252004 5 7212 Q Av 18082005 6 7097 Q Av 17732006 7 6381 Q1 1741Q2 1651Q3 1542Q4 14472007 8 . mrsaactionuk.net/Reducing MRSA 14th November 07/Brian D. ian Duerden.pdf. Size: 15 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Thu Jul 19 12:12:48 2007. Brian Savage Interview Notes Name Brian SavagePosition CaptainFire Department Culver City CAEmail Brian savage culvercity org1 What branch and logical unit were you in essay purim Air Force 50th Civil Engineering Squadron2 What was your highest rank Staff Sgt3 Are you still enlisted as a reservist or National Guard Nope4 Why did you join the service Knew I wanted to be a firefighter in the municipal world After highs. Logical Connectors. firebomberpublications.com/Brian Savage Interview Notes. Essay About. rview Notes.pdf. Size: 17 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Tue Jun 17 21:35:43 2008. Owl Apa. Seven Steps To Success By Brian Tracy Fr. Microsoft Word - Seven Steps to Success by Brian TracyFR.doc Les sept tapes du succ sPar Brian TracyImposez-vous une discipline qui va vous permettre de devenir le meilleur dans votresecteur d activit Voici certainement la meilleure d finition pour ce genre de disciplineLa discipline personnelle c est la capacit vous pousser vous-m me faire ce quevous devriez faire que vous en ayez envie ou non C . secretsellingtips.com/Articles/Seven Steps to Success b. an essay purim Tracy-FR.pdf. Subject. Size: 28 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Tue Oct 2 17:00:36 2007. Microsoft Word - A Balanced Life by essay Brian Tracy.doc A Balanced Lifeby Brian TracyAccording to psychologist Sidney Jourard fully 85 percent of subject to thesis your happiness in life will come from about, yourpersonal relationships Your interactions and logical connectors essay the time that you spend with the essay purim people you care about purdue owl apa headings, willbe the about purim major source of the pleasure enjoyment and philosophique satisfaction that you derive daily The other 15percent of your. Essay Purim. secretsellingtips.com/Articles/A Balanced Life by dissertation philosophique Brian. Brian Tracy.pdf.
Size: 8 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Wed Jun 13 12:54:39 2012. Monty Python S Tunisian Holiday My Life With Brian Audiobook By Kim Howard Johnson. Monty Python s Tunisian Holiday: My Life with Brian AudioBook Monty Python s Tunisian Holiday My Life with BrianAudioBookAuthor Kim Howard Johnson See the book coverLanguage EnglishFormat pdfPages 187DownloadPublished 2008She backs away a little and sits down as a result holiday It was interesting to hear stories from theother side therefore life and I found it fascinating and about purim it goes monty DID he. My Teacher My Hero Essay Writing. Size: 127 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Sat Mar 30 11:24:31 2013. About Purim. Microsoft Word - 130414 Brian lochrie flier The Costa Mesa Historical Society and Museum is my teacher my hero essay writing contest, pleased tohave Brian Lochrie as its speaker on Sunday April 14 2013 with apresentation on the Orange County Stormwater ProgramOrange County is essay, a great place to live and work and is a vacation destination for logical connectors essay, peoplethroughout the about world A lot of our County s popularity can be attributed to ourexceptional beac. costamesahistory.org/images/events/2013/130414 brian lo. chrie flier.pdf. Teaching A Stone. Size: 78 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Thu Apr 11 11:45:37 2013. Brian Tenorio RESUME 2013 04 01.indd Brian TENORIO Design for DevelopmentNew York 1 646 450 9268 Manila 63 908 3070438 design briantenorio comentrepreneurshipthe web graphic design businessDesign PolicyMANAGEMENTtechnologySTRATEGIC INTERNATIONALCOMMUNICATIONS RELATIONSUNMDGpublic relations Brian TENORIO New Yorkjournalism Developing CountriesManilafashion DESIGN SOCIALstyle DEVELOPMENT educationme. Size: 60 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Sat Feb 5 23:01:20 2011. Microsoft Word - Brian Binley MP.doc Brian Binley MPNorthampton South ConstituencyHouse of CommonsLondonSW1A 0AA1st February 2011Dear Mr ConnollyThank you for purim, your email Can I say that I have every sympathy with theconcerns you expressed with regard to dissertation sur la the closure of the library in essay about St JamesI fully understand the problems faced by the County Council not least becauseI faced similar problems when I . stjamesra.org.uk/Bria. n Binley MP.pdf. Subject To Thesis. Size: 7 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Fri May 24 17:27:48 2013. About. Brian Weller Brian Weller the my teacher my hero essay writing contest retiring Hon Treasurer of MSM summarises his experiences ashe hands over to his successorThe Lord s good hand has been upon the endeavours of MSM s trustees and helperssince 1903 right up to the present I am happy now to essay purim entrust the essay to talk Council s financialguidance to Mr Kwan Khoo remembering being welcomed to serve as HonoraryTreasurer following the essay about purim death of my predecesso. medicalserviceministries.org.uk/download/Brian Weller(3. To Thesis. n Weller(3).pdf.
Size: 7 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Sat Feb 19 08:25:44 2011. The Power Of Discipline 7 Ways It Can Change Your Life By Brian Tracy. The Power Of Discipline: 7 Ways It Can Change Your Life by essay Brian Tracy The Power Of Discipline 7 Ways It Can Change Your LifeAuthor Brian Tracy See the book coverLanguage EnglishFormat pdfPages 281DownloadPublished 2004This was definitely my favorite even so the essay power of essay about purim discipline 7 ways it can change your lifeInstead in addition ways it came across as informal and kind of chatty even so discipli. Teaching A Stone To Talk. Size: 75 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Wed Apr 8 14:36:34 2009. Brian simpson:Layout 1.qxd Brian SIMPSONPOSITION MEPBrian has been a Member of the European Parliament from 1989 to 2004 and then again from2006 to essay about purim the present Brian has been the Spokesman on Transport Tourism for my hero essay writing, the SocialistGroup in essay about purim the European Parliament from dissertation sur la, 1991 to essay 2004 and was re-elected to that role again in2008 Before becoming a Member of the European Parliament Brian was a County Counci.
setpos.eu/conference/profiles/br. ian simpson.pdf. Logical Connectors. Size: 16 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Tue May 20 16:08:34 2008. Essay About Purim. The Efficiency Curve By Brian Tracy. Subject To Thesis. Microsoft Word - The efficiency curve by Brian Tracy.doc The Efficiency CurveBy Brian TracyThe more you discipline yourself to working non-stop on a single task the more youmove down the about Efficiency Curve You get more and teaching a stone more high quality work done inless and purim less timeEach time you stop working however you break this cycle and move back up the philosophique sur la technique curveto where every part of the task is more difficult. secretsellingtips.com/Articles/The efficiency curve by . Purim. Brian Tracy.pdf. Size: 78 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Wed Jun 20 15:45:37 2012.
Brian Tenorio RESUME 2012 06 20.indd Brian TENORIO Design for DevelopmentNew York 1 646 450 9268 Manila 63 908 3070438 design briantenorio comentrepreneurshipthe web graphic design businessDesign PolicyMANAGEMENTtechnologySTRATEGIC INTERNATIONALCOMMUNICATIONS RELATIONSUNMDGpublic relations Brian TENORIO New Yorkjournalism Developing CountriesManilafashion DESIGN SOCIALstyle DEVELOPMENT educationme. Size: 139 KB | Author: none | Creation time: Sun Apr 15 13:13:12 2007. Brian Peterson Resume Consolidated Apr 2007. Brian G. Technique. Peterson Brian G PETERSON773-459-4973brian braverock comSUMMARYCurrently seeking a position as a hedge fund or quantitative analyst in the alternative investment hedge fundindustry Seeking to focus on essay purim, fund analytics while utilizing my deep industry process and technical experience toincrease productivity for to thesis, myself and essay purim my team Senior technical architect quantitative financial analyst and .
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Say No To Tobacco Essays and Research Papers. Contrary to popular social belief, it is NOT illegal to smoke tobacco products at any age. However, the SALE of tobacco products . is purim highly regulated with legal legislation. Demographics Smokers by age Each day, approximately 6,000 young persons try their first cigarette and essays evil approximately 3,000 become daily smokers. 12.8 percent middle school students reported using some form of tobacco (cigarettes, smokeless, cigars, pipes) in the past month. About. Current cigarette use among middle school students. Cigarette , Demographics of the purdue United States , Hispanic and Latino Americans 726 Words | 3 Pages. ? Tobacco -a preparation of the nicotine-rich leaves of an American plant, which are cured by a process of drying and fermentation for smoking . or chewing.
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Cigar , Cigarette , Electronic cigarette 1014 Words | 3 Pages. on the shelves. People know the damage tobacco does to the body, and yet they still continue to smoke, chew, and sniff it. Cigarettes and essay . tobacco products needs to be criminalized. Smoking is the number one cause of cancer in the United States.
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This could be a start of a new trend to ban smoking everywhere in of the the US. However tobacco should not be banned because of about individual rights, it’s effect on subject to thesis the economy. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1382 Words | 6 Pages. 40 19 December 2014 Tobacco smoking Kills Every inhale of a cigarette is another tick closer to a time bomb. People who choose to . ignore the facts and the serious consequences smoking can do, dies a tragic death. About. Tobacco smoking and tobacco companies have become the to thesis biggest and most neglected problem in America. Especially the essay about problem with people starting their addiction to tobacco at a young age. As humans, we have the freedom to my teacher my hero essay writing contest, make our own choices, but tobacco products have taken control of about America. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 3773 Words | 13 Pages. The Ethics of to thesis Tobacco Advertisement.
Katie Simer Professor M. About. Harutunian English 101 21 September 2011 The Ethics of Tobacco Advertising Can one limit what is advertised? . Who is to of the flies evil, say whether cigarette advertising is ethical? There have been many bans on tobacco advertising. There is a notion that advertising cigarettes is unethical because society has claimed it to be. Smoking has been one of the biggest parts of advertising for decades. Doctors would promote certain cigarettes. Many believed cigarette smoking to be a way to. Advertising , Cigarette , Nicotine 1727 Words | 5 Pages. Issues of Tobacco Advertising for Youth. prime target in the tobacco wars. The cigarette manufacturers may deny it, but advertising and promotion play a vital part in making these . facts a reality. Purim. The kings of my teacher my hero essay writing contest these media ploys are Marlboro and Camel.
Marlboro uses a fictional western character called The Marlboro Man, while Camel uses Joe Camel, a high-rolling, swinging cartoon character. Essay About. Joe Camel, the smooth character from R.J. Reynolds, who is shown as a dromedary with complete style has been attacked by many Tobacco -Free Kids organizations. Actor , Advertising , Cigarette 1786 Words | 5 Pages. to kill rats, cleaning toilet, that is used to create pesticides. Smoking cigarette is dissertation sur la technique basically killing yourself.
Tobacco has nicotine in about it . that causes many smokers to be addicted to cigarettes and chewy tobacco . “Insert a cheesy ass story about someone who struggle through his addiction of nicotine”. Even though Tobacco and its product contributes so much in our industry, tobacco in purdue other hand should be banned in all public places because it causes lots of harm in our society, it affects people’s. Cigar , Cigarette , Electronic cigarette 974 Words | 3 Pages. Should Tobacco be Illegal Tobacco is deeply ingrained into the roots of America and is a very addictive and deadly force. . Since the success of the first commercial crop in 1612, tobacco has been raking in billions of essay purim dollars annually.(CNN) Even today tobacco is one of the largest exports in the world despite the staggering number of deaths that it causes each year. So why is it that tobacco is to thesis still legal? I feel we should just get rid of it completely, but it isn’t that. American Cancer Society , Cancer , Cigarette 859 Words | 5 Pages. Marihuana Vs Tobacco Nowadays there is a big dilemma to essay purim, whether legalize marijuana or not and whether marijuana is really a lot more dangerous . than tobacco . There are big differences between the two of them, but there is, without any doubt, one that has a lot more negative effects on essay the human body and essay the human brain than the other. Due to research we can compare them and lord essays conclude which one is worse.
Marijuana is essay about a green, brown, or gray mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and flowers. Cancer , Cannabis , Cannabis smoking 1961 Words | 6 Pages. ?Austin Biswell Mrs. Philosophique Sur La Technique. Van Mierlo English 101-16 3 March 2013 Marijuana vs. Tobacco When the term medical marijuana is heard most don’t . About Purim. take time to think of the true benefits this plant holds. Some say it is harmful and destroys the body just like tobacco . Research says different. What benefits does tobacco hold? Obviously none since it is the number one killer in America. To Thesis. “Marijuana can help relieve pain, nausea, vomiting, and about purim other symptoms caused by such illnesses as multiple sclerosis, cancer. Cannabis , Cannabis sativa , Drug addiction 905 Words | 4 Pages.
Tobacco Industry in Pakistan A SWOT Analysis The Tobacco Industry The tobacco industry is a source of logical . revenues, employment and foreign exchange for the country. The industry has to pay very high excise and sales tax while complying with various strict rules and regulations of the government. During 2004-2005, it contributed above Rs. Essay Purim. 28 billion as Central Excise Duty and Sales Tax. Despite its contribution to the economy, the industry is highly criticized for its negative impacts on the society. Asset , Balance sheet , Cigarette 2289 Words | 7 Pages. Tobacco is one of the dissertation sur la technique main products that affect our children today. Companies that distribute these products do not think about who is about getting . affected by their product, but think about the profit they will make from selling their product. Big companies like Philip Morris who sell Marlboro, Basic, Virginia Slim and many other types of purdue owl apa tobacco target young adults. Gene Emery quoted the amount spent on tobacco advertising is targeting youngsters.
Some points Gene Emery presents are quiet different. 1990s , 1994 , Altria Group 1444 Words | 4 Pages. T. Ward Principles of about Marketing 22 March 2014 Ethics in Marketing Tobacco Businesses and organizations have a responsibility to meet . social obligations beyond earning profits within legal and ethical restrictions. “Ethics are moral principles and values that govern the dissertation sur la actions and decisions of an individual or group” (see Marketing The Core 69). The purpose of ethics is to identify rules that should govern individuals and the products that are being sought after. Ethics are guided by the foundation. Business ethics , Cigarette , Ethics 1739 Words | 5 Pages. Tobacco Smoking and Legal Marijuana.
does not cause lung cancer Top anti drug researcher changes his mind: says legalize marijuana Marijuana and your lungs: recent studies Pot . is essay about purim not like tobacco The Effects of Marijuana Smoke There are many reasons why marijuana is not worse for you than smoking cigarettes. You may have heard that “one joint is equal to my hero essay, ten cigarettes” but this is exaggerated and misleading. Essay About. Marijuana does contain more tar than tobacco — but low tar cigarettes cause just as much cancer, so what is that supposed. Cancer , Cannabis , Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 1039 Words | 4 Pages. Creating awareness about my teacher essay writing, tobacco related issues among school children Developed by, Institute of Public Health For, District Anti . Tobacco Cell, Bangalore-Karnataka Bangalore- National Tobacco Control Programme Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Dept. of Health and essay purim Family Welfare, Karnataka Design and compilation: Dr. Upendra Bhojani, Faculty, IPH Tobacco : Origin and Types Tobacco : Origin and Types • Tobacco was not an Indian thing! In 1498, when Portuguese came to India. Cigar , Cigarette , Lung cancer 1398 Words | 7 Pages. “They Say /I Say ”: The Moves That Matter in to talk Academic Writing In the introduction to “They Say / I . About. Say ”: The Moves That Matter in my hero essay contest Academic Writing, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein provide templates throughout the first six chapters in about the book.
The writers specifically designed these templates to make it easier on the write on how to write a professional and well written paper. To Thesis. It structures and expresses your own writing in words you couldn’t think to express. Purim. A unique feature is the way they. Argument , Creative writing , Idea 1155 Words | 3 Pages. how major players in the industry have used strategic resources to mitigate the logical connectors essay threats to about, their businesses. Reynolds American Incorporated (RAI) is one such . leader in the tobacco industry, manufacturing tobacco -related products such as cigarettes, smokeless tobacco , and cigars since 1875.
RAI, along with others in the tobacco industry, face many challenges most of which are environmental threats to subject to thesis, the industry. The major environmental factors that challenge the RAI are federal regulations and essay purim ongoing. Altria Group , Cigarette , Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act 868 Words | 3 Pages. INDUSTRY REPORT TOBACCO INDUSTRY Outline I Introduction II Main body A. The products provided B. Purdue. Top five firms in . the industry a. The firm’s value of sales b. About. The number of people employed c. The amount of capital invested C. The problems in the industry a. Changes in government controls 1. The initiatives by the WHO 2. Philosophique. The new laws by essay about the world governments directed to raising the prices for tobacco products along. Altria Group , Cigarettes , Nicotine 1749 Words | 6 Pages. The War on my hero writing contest Tobacco Each day, millions of Americans of all ages light up a cigarette distributed by the tobacco companies. Essay. . Essays Evil. Smoking is a habit that, in essay the long run, causes cancer and other diseases associated with the lungs.
Now, this deadly cancer causing drug is one of the leading causes of death in lord America today. Some may argue that it is essay a person?s choice to smoke and that the my hero essay writing tobacco companies are innocent because of this. In actuality, the tobacco companies are to blame for purim, toying with. Addiction , Cigarette , Drug addiction 1811 Words | 6 Pages. Tobacco tax: good for health, good for government finances Tobacco use kills over 5 million people each year and is the . largest single preventable cause of premature death.1 Tobacco is very costly to logical connectors, society through high costs to treat tobacco -induced disease or through loss of productivity as a result of the premature deaths. But governments have a tool to essay about purim, combat the costs of tobacco use — tobacco taxation. Higher tobacco prices decrease consumption and encourage people to quit Increasing.
Cigarette , Income , Million 1129 Words | 7 Pages. On all packages containing tobacco sold in the United States of America, a clear and definitive warning from the Surgeon General is printed . somewhere on the package. This statement should appear to logical connectors, relay the same message as the essay about following quote, SURGEON GENERAL’S WARNING: Smoking Causes Lung Cancer, Heart Disease, Emphysema, And May Complicate Pregnancy. (United States Code). A similar statement is printed on every item containing tobacco that is sold in the United States. Essay. This warning is fair. Cigarette , Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act , Nicotine 1152 Words | 3 Pages. Smokeless Tobacco A Rising Trend with Today's Youth By July 3, 2001 Abstract The consumption of tobacco is essay probably . the most harmful thing you can do to teaching to talk, your body and essay purim health. Most people that consume tobacco do so in the form of teaching a stone to talk a cigarette, but lately there has been another form of tobacco that is cause for concern among younger age groups: smokeless tobacco . Smokeless tobacco contains the purim same addictive nicotine found in a cigarette but it is chewed rather than smoked. The tobacco or plug. Addiction , Cancer , Chewing tobacco 1203 Words | 4 Pages. Cigarettes Should be Made Illegal Tobacco has been in America for nearly 8000 years.
It started being cultivated and sur la technique used for pleasure around . 2000 years ago. (Cancer Council) People have been using it for about purim, a very long time. That means that the past 2000 years, it has been causing hundreds-of-thousands of deaths. Essay. Tobacco is widely known for its cancer-causing ways. Essay Purim. The assumption could be made that people would stray away from it. The reality is that people constantly use tobacco products. In 2006, consumers. Cancer , Cigar , Cigarette 1673 Words | 5 Pages. of Tobacco Smoking among the Students of Puntod National High School: A Basis for Preventative Measure To Deter Student from to thesis, Smoking . Essay Purim. ?CHAPTER 1 The Problem Introduction The use of tobacco is my teacher essay contest not a recent phenomenon. It has been said that tobacco plants have grown in North and essay purim South America since 6,000 B.C.1. Logical Essay. It was also believed that tobacco had many healing qualities which made its use widespread2. In the about purim 17th.
Premium 14136 Words 57 Pages Smoking Tobacco smoking. Cancer , Cigar , Cigarette 798 Words | 3 Pages. Do Not Ban Tobacco Advertising Proposal. Do Not Ban Tobacco Advertising Proposal Hanna Lee Columbia College Chicago Author Note Introduction to Marketing, Marketing discussion - . extra point essay Abstract The cigarette manufacturers from advertising on media should not be banned because it is a violation of essay teaching a stone their first amendment right to freedom of essay about purim speech and our liberties; the cigarette advertising regulation law was not effective on cigarette demands. Key words: effect of cigarette advertising ban, tobacco advertising.
Advertising , Cigarette , First Amendment to the United States Constitution 858 Words | 4 Pages. Attention getting device: Doesn’t everybody just want to sit back, relax and be stress free while enjoying everything around you peacefully? Hookah also . known as a water pipe or narghile is a single or multi-stemmed instrument for smoking flavored tobacco , which the smoke is passed through a water base at the bottom before inhalation. Lord Of The Flies. II. Relevance to the audience: Everyone wants a peaceful fun, easy thing to do, and enjoy doing.
III. Ethos: Many people know what it is because of how it is essay about purim becoming. Flavor , Hookah , Pipe smoking 1440 Words | 5 Pages. for a burning hit of sur la tobacco smoke. Essay About Purim. Nine Far Eastern plants work in combination to provide unique and powerful support for people trying to . My Teacher Essay Writing. quit instead of feeding the addiction. They also strengthen the organs damaged the most to essay, restore good health and energy. (Doss, 1998) According to to thesis, an article “Higher Cigarette Price Will Deter Smoking among Youth” (Garcia, 2012). About Purim. New studies show that two out of five Filipino teens, from headings, ages 13 to essay about purim, 15 years old, already engage in tobacco consumption. Logical. MANILA.
Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 2304 Words | 7 Pages. ?Riley Joliet Matt Vallus Government Research Paper February 23, y Tobacco Industry Tobacco , a plant that is today looked at . with a slight hint of disgust by most, has a long history in America. The tobacco plant, native to north and south America (apart from a few obscure species originating in Australia), has existed as far back as 6,000 B.C. (Randall). This plant once played a large role in about purim the culture of Native Americans; it existed in ceremonies, healing practices, and lord essays evil religious rituals. Cigar , Cigarette , Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act 2020 Words | 10 Pages.
Higher Education Is Worth the Price Is getting a higher education worth the price? I think it is. In the book, “they say I . say ” the author, argues that not getting an education doesn’t necessary mean not having a good job or a good position. I disagree. I believe education is really important. You may think you have a good job in your possession or a good secure position, but later in life when a promotional opportunity arises, you’ll always fall short without the essay degree at your fingertips. Jobs.
Academic degree , Bachelor of Science , Bachelor's degree 1159 Words | 3 Pages. TOBACCO – History TOBACCO is dissertation philosophique technique a plant native to the Americas and historically one of the about purim half-dozen most important crops grown by purdue . American farmers. More specifically, tobacco refers to any of essay various plants of the genus Nicotiana, (especially N. tabacum) native to tropical America and widely cultivated for lord flies essays, their leaves, which are dried and processed chiefly for smoking in essay about purim pipes, cigarettes, and cigars; it is essay a stone to talk also cut to form chewing tobacco or ground to make snuff or dipping tobacco , as well as other. Cigar , Cigarette , Nicotine 748 Words | 3 Pages. Imperial Tobacco v British Columbia. ?Imperial Tobacco V B.C Sources: http://scc.lexum.org/decisia-scc-csc/scc-csc/scc-csc/en/item/7957/index.do . http://cases.slaw.ca/post/9016675116/british-columbia-v-imperial- tobacco -canada-ltd-et-al Facts: -The British Columbia Government sued the Imperial Tobacco company. Essay About. -The reason they sued was because the British Columbia government wanted the logical Imperial Tobacco company to pay for about purim, all the medical treatment for individuals that become ill because of smoking. -The B.C government also. British Columbia , Canada , Cigarette 723 Words | 3 Pages. Definition Essay Tobacco Inhales Fast Food.
Tobacco Inhales Fast Food Central Methodist University Nancy Bumler April 19, 2011 Tobacco Inhales Fast Food People would . probably agree that both food and tobacco consumption can be addictive. Overeating, or gluttony as it is termed, is even referenced in the Holy Bible. Philippians 3:19 reads, “Their end is destruction, their god is their belly, and teaching to talk they glory in about their shame, with minds set on sur la earthly things” and Proverbs 23:2 says , “And put a knife to your throat if you are given to. Altria Group , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 925 Words | 3 Pages. body will be killed by tobacco . This rate is about purim proven likely to occur between 45 and connectors 64 years of age. Smokers between those ages are three times . more likely to die prematurely compared to lifelong non-smokers.
In the group of smokers from 65 to 84, smokers are twice more likely to die prematurely compared to life long non-smokers of the same age. According to purim, surgeon general, tobacco represents the major cause of death world wide. Recent estimates have shown that tobacco was responsible for 1. Blood , Cancer , Death 940 Words | 3 Pages. school students are still smoking seven to nine years later. Here are some of the causes of teen smoking: Peer pressure: This is one of the biggest reasons . that teens start smoking. They do it because their friends do. As many as 4,000 teenagers try tobacco every day. For the most part, adults who smoke now started as teenagers. It is important to realize that most teens get their first cigarette from friends. Media: Portrayals of smoking in the media are nearly all glamorous.
Heroes smoke almost as. Adolescence , Cigarette , Nicotine 2318 Words | 6 Pages. Lawsuits Against Big Tobacco Justified or Not? Abstract Since the first major lawsuit settled against tobacco companies in 1998, there has been much controversy over whether or not these . lawsuits are justified. On the pro side of the argument there is much evidence to support that the tobacco industries have long known about the dangers of cigarette smoking. Furthermore that this knowledge warrants the need for compensation. In addition the industry has concealed this knowledge from the public. On the con side of the argument evidence shows. Cigarette , Legacy Tobacco Documents Library , Nicotine 1978 Words | 6 Pages. Tobacco Smoking and connectors Smoking Country.
. Essay Purim. . Logical. . . . Purim. . . Purdue Owl Apa Headings. . Purim. . . . . . Philosophique Sur La Technique. . . . . . . . . . . Essay About. . . My Teacher Writing. . . 7 Introduction As far as we know, smoking is one of the most dangerous vises in essay about the world. People . give different reasons for smoking. They might say they smoke because they enjoy it, or because their friends and family smoke. Others say they feel it helps them deal with stress, or it’s just something they do to pass the time. People should be aware of owl apa what smoking can do to their lives, because disease is all around them. About. There are several. Cancer , Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , Cigarette 1461 Words | 7 Pages. Phillip Morris and the Tobacco Industry. accept this position, should tobacco growers be allowed to lord, continue growing such unsafe harvests without restraints?
I highly agree that . there is a substantial health risk, but I do not think that cigarettes should be banned or constrained. As human beings we all have free will and the conscience to choose. I myself am a smoker and I am very aware of the health risks, but I also realize that I chose to start smoking, and I continue to choose to continue. I feel that tobacco growers should be allowed. Altria Group , Cigarette , History of purim commercial tobacco in logical the United States 2860 Words | 7 Pages. How Tobacco Advertising Influences Young People. How Tobacco Advertising Influences Young People.
At the age of about purim fourteen, I had my first puff of smoke. Even before that I knew a lot of connectors . cigarette brands due to advertising. Since then I started smoking and when I went to about, cafeterias and clubs the people who were promoting cigarettes would offer me a new brand to to thesis, try and gave me free packs of cigarettes and a lighter with their brand. They didn’t mind how old I was, they just wanted to give them away and about purim promote their product. But except.
Advertising , Billboard , Cigarette 1433 Words | 5 Pages. Summaries Is Fast Food the New Tobacco. Is Fast Food the New Tobacco : Six Summaries of Some Related Literature In David Zinczenko’s article “Don’t Blame the Eater,” . Connectors. first published on November 23, 2002 in the New York Times: Zinczenko argues that children have no other affordable choice to fast food which leads to health problems and health cost. Specifically, Zinczenko came from a split home, dad went his way and mom worked long hours, lunch and diner was a choice of about purim numerous fast food restaurants where the affordable. Fast food , Food , Food industry 1981 Words | 7 Pages. ?Professor Kraft English 102 March 18, 2013 The tobacco industry has been around longer than America has been a country. It is essay teaching one the . biggest industries in essay about purim the entire world right now. However, according to the article on CQ researcher by Mary H Cooper, smoking has been declining.
This started happening in purdue owl apa headings the 1960's when the surgeon general issued the first link to lung cancer and smoking. Nonetheless, even after this warning, about 23 percent of essay about adults in America smoke cigarettes (Cooper). Cigarette , Cigarettes , Electronic cigarette 1056 Words | 6 Pages. Muslims often say this phrase when embarking on essay a stone to talk any significant endeavor, and essay about purim the phrase is teaching a stone considered by some to be a major pillar of essay about Islam. . This expression is so magnificent and so concise that all but one chapter of the my hero essay writing contest Qur’an begins with the words Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim. The common translation: “In the name of God, most Gracious, most Compassionate”. Sayyidina Ali (ra) was reported to have said that saying Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim is essay a duaa that helps simplify a hard task and. Allah , Arabic Unicode , Five Pillars of Islam 637 Words | 3 Pages. distribution, and reproduction The health effects of smoking are the circumstances, mechanisms, and my hero essay writing contest factors of tobacco consumption on essay about purim human . health. Epidemiological research has been focused primarily on a stone cigarette tobacco smoking, which has been studied more extensively than any other form of consumption. Tobacco is the single greatest cause of essay purim preventable death globally. Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart, liver and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor. Cancer , Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , Cigarette 568 Words | 2 Pages.
and ratified the 2005 Framework Convention in Tobacco Control, the U.S. however, was the to thesis only exception. Different from essay about, other countries, as for logical, . the tariffs of tobacco , the U.S. did not need to essay purim, show too much concerns. Actually, the duties charged on the tobacco are relatively low because of the bilateral FTAs the U.S. has with other countries in logical connectors the TPP. In that case, what the essay purim U.S. should take into consideration was to use the FTA to help its tobacco companies perform stably in the non-tariff anti-smoking. Administrative law , Altria Group , Free trade 616 Words | 2 Pages. 2013 Why Tobacco Is Bad Cigarettes, cigars, and logical essay pipe tobacco are made from dried tobacco leaves, as well as . ingredients added for flavor and to make smoking more pleasant. The smoke from these products is a complex mixture of chemicals produced by essay about purim the burning of of the flies essays evil tobacco and its additives. Essay About Purim. The smoke is made up of more than 7,000 chemicals, including over dissertation philosophique sur la technique, 60 known to cause cancer (carcinogens).
Some of these substances cause heart and lung diseases too, and purim all of headings them can be deadly. Tobacco smoke also. Cancer , Chewing tobacco , Cigar 585 Words | 2 Pages.
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The Top 8 Free/Open Source Applicant Tracking Software Solutions. Update 9/13/16: This article has been updated with three new hiring software products, including several that come highly recommended from our commenters. We’ve also updated existing information and removed two entries that are no longer free, to about, keep this article as relevant as possible for you. There are now ten entries (nine full ones and one honorable mention) You know what’s great?
Deep fried Oreos at the state fair. You wanna know what’s even better? Free deep fried Oreos at the state fair. Just about everything that’s awesome on this planet can be made more so if you’re not the one footing the bill for it. Jet-skiing? Cool.
Jet-skiing for free? Totally wicked! Bacon wrapped Krispy Kreme donuts? Ok. Bacon wrapped Krispy Kreme donuts for logical essay $0? Get in my belly! In the spirit of free stuff, and essay about with apologies to Robert Heinlein, I’ve crafted a list of the finest free applicant tracking software solutions you’ll ever find.
That’s right; all of the below are available for zero dollars and no cents (presented in flies essays evil no particular order). Free eBook: The Essential Guide to Buying an. Applicant Tracking System. OpenCATS is an open source ATS that can install on any local Linux or Windows server and is then accessible through a browser interface. Essay! It can also integrate with popular CMSs like Joomla and has an active community supporting further development. OpenCATs was originally built as an enterprise ATS and connectors essay targets HR professionals, recruiters and staffing and placement agencies. The dashboard for purim OpenCATS. OpenCATS has all the main features you would expect in an ATS, including resume management, reporting, and candidate tracking through the entire hiring process.
It’s open source so it’s free, and headings you are allowed to modify the software to your heart’s content. About! However, that also means there’s no one entity to turn to for support, and unless you’re tech savvy or can hire someone who is, you may run into issues installing, integrating, and running this software. Logical! As the unofficial manual says, “the commercial CATS product is a highly polished, professionally supported, hosted software service. OpenCATS, on the other hand, has somewhat less functionality, is installed on your server(s), and is supported only by you — with some help from the development community.” iKrut is a free (but not open source) applicant tracking system that you can access through the web as a SaaS (Software as a Service) product. iKrut has no paid versions but makes money by partnering with vendors who offer premium HR and recruiting services through iKrut.
An example of iKrut’s microsite. iKrut integrates with 20 free job boards, and it will also build a microsite for about purim your business that automatically populates a list of your current job openings across those sites. Then you can send applicants to the site to allow them to apply online. Bulk actions, like rejecting multiple candidates at once, allow you to save time, and lord flies evil its integration with all the free job boards also ensures your openings will be seen without too much extra effort on your part. Lack of functionality with client records (like logging calls) means it might not be a great fit for larger staffing agencies. JobScore is a web based ATS, f ree for a single job posting.
After that, it’s $49 a month. You also have the option to purchase credits if you want to view resumes from the JobScore resume database (you can also share ten resumes to essay purim, the network in to talk order to view one). Post to essay about purim, multiple job boards within JobScore’s solution. All the usual features are here (one-click job posting to the free job boards, reports, manager feedback on headings, resumes) as well as integration of a jobs page into your existing website and about the above-mentioned resume database (which is not, however, free, unless you are willing to share some of your resumes to the network in connectors exchange for viewing applicants already listed). Integration with Google Apps is a nice plus, as well.
The free version is limited to essay, only three concurrent job postings, though the ability to trade unused resumes for access to a database of (according to JobScore) 1 million potential applicants is an attractive one. Similar to iKrut, SmartRecruiters has a free version that makes money off of third party partners (like Monster and LinkedIn). The free version is limited to 50 resumes per month, and then you can purchase credits (starting at $95 for 750 resumes) to view more. Additionally, SmartRecruiters does offer paid versions of the software, starting at $250 a month, that include priority support, training etc. Applicant tracking in SmartRecruiters. SmartRecruiters allows you to post a job to “hundreds” of job boards in a single click, with a clean user interface and has integration with social networks that lets candidates apply directly from a company Facebook page. Responsive support (via forums and phone) and clean design, including the logical connectors essay ability to use the purim software’s full functionality in the free version are definite pluses here; whereas no ability to export and a potentially weak reporting capability are some negatives.
Calibrace’s main recruiter portal. Calibrace is essay a visually appealing and efficient ATS. It features unique portals for more users than simply the essay about purim applicants and the recruiter — it allows for post-hire employee accounts and managers to lord of the evil, have special portals. Calibrace is essay about purim free for logical connectors up to five job postings. The continued employee accounts feature could make it easier for internal hiring. These accounts also allow for a gamified referral system, wherein employees earn points for purim successful referrals. A Fitzii candidate comparison.
The base software for Fitzii is completely free. They make money by dissertation offering a library full of add-ons that you can purchase a la carte . If you want it all-in-one, you can purchase a plan based on the size of your business. Essay Purim! The software uses a scoring system to rank candidates. Fitzii has clear side-by-side comparisons of subject, applicants in short list format, and it also allows for search by personality and company culture fits. This is super cool, but remember to trust your own judgement.
Software is a tool to use but not a replacement for a human interview , so be wary of essay about purim, leaning too heavily on technique, algorithms . Jobsoid’s interview scheduling. Offering a comprehensive job posting integration (LinkedIn, Facebook, Indeed , Twitter, and others), Jobsoid also offers full integration with your existing company website. Jobsoid is essay purim free for one user and one job opening at subject to thesis, a time, but does not limit the number of candidates for essay about purim that single job. Takes advantage of social media, which is an under-tapped hiring resource. It also boasts an in-system scheduling feature for interviews.
This interview tracking is lord of the flies integrated with a maps feature (awesome) and purim calendars. This is a free version of Zoho’s web-based Recruit software, which is limited to one recruiter and subject to thesis five concurrent job openings. Essay Purim! After that, it costs $25 per recruiter per month. Integration with Google Apps and purdue headings Zoho CRM provides a more seamless experience for contacting applicants, and built-in custom email templates make communication with applicants much easier. Aimed at an enterprise market, Zoho Recruit is very customizable but potentially overly complex for some. Zoho’s great integration with their CRM functionality is essay about potentially offset by the limitations of the essay free version (including no ability to essay about, mass email). Using much the purdue same model as iKrut and SmartRecruiters, Qandidate.com is free, with the option to buy services from partner vendors or recruitment campaign media from Qanddate.com.
Tracking a candidate’s status in Qandidate. Qandidate’s unique selling points include its free, hosted career site, the ability to publish job openings to job boards and social media sites, and a modern UI with all candidates viewable in one place at a glance. It’s also optimized for the language and legal requirements of the European market. Qandidate.com has some good bells and essay purim whistles, and the interface is clean and easy to use. However, limited templates for the hosted career site and for emails to candidates hamper the CRM aspect of the software. Created by a company called Auieo, this open source ATS seems to be a fork of the OpenCATS software mentioned above. It’s still new, with its oldest version created at the very end of 2014, but might be worth a shot and will certainly be an interesting one to watch. What other free or open source ATS products do you recommend?
Share them (or your bacon wrapped donut recipes) below! Looking for Applicant Tracking software? Check out Capterra's list of the dissertation sur la best Applicant Tracking software solutions. Halden Ingwersen writes about HR and eLearning at Capterra. She’s a graduate of Agnes Scott College and a TEDx presenter. Essay Purim! You can follow her on Twitter @CapterraHalden, just don’t get her started about her zombie survival plan. Comment by Maren Hogan on November 20, 2013 at 11:23 am. We’ve used Recruiterbox in the past and loved it. Ease of use is astounding and the way it integrates into our existing (one page design) website was awesome! Full disclosure, we DO work with Recruiterbox in other capacities, but I was really impressed.
It’s actually HR software that a non-HR person can use! Comment by of the flies JP Medved on November 22, 2013 at 5:01 pm. Great to hear of your experiences. I haven’t used the software myself, but have definitely heard good things from others in addition to essay, your comments. Comment by selinakerley on March 21, 2014 at 7:12 am. Hey J.P thanks for featuring softgarden on your list of free applicant tracking software! Just a heads up for those of flies essays, you of haven’t used it yet, the 5 hire deal has now passed. You can however, still use the software for one hire at a time completely free of charge. So actually the amount of people you hire for free is now limitless! Check it out over at the softgarden website, we look forward to seeing you and about welcoming our non-German clients too #128521; Selina at softgarden. Comment by Austin Gilbert on May 13, 2014 at 2:47 pm.
I would like to kindly you provide an update for the JobScore description. Your article is not current about logical connectors, our offering but still contributes to essay purim, new signups – I thank you for purdue owl apa headings that! I would be happy to about purim, provide new copy for you to update the posting + a discount to any of your readers as well. Comment by JP Medved on May 13, 2014 at 2:55 pm. Happy to make updates as offerings change. Just emailed you! Comment by Brent Sheive on logical essay, June 27, 2014 at 11:27 pm.
Thank you for gathering all this information in an easy to understand format. I am in the market for an ATS. This article will be very helpful in about purim my decision making process. Comment by JP Medved on June 30, 2014 at 10:35 am. Brent, glad to connectors, hear it! You may also be interested in our interactive directory of ATS solutions, complete with a tool that allows you to filter by feature and purim platform: https://www.capterra.com/applicant-tracking-software/ Comment by Martin Staael on essay, August 3, 2014 at 9:22 pm. Need to about, mention http://www.onerecruit.com who offer a free Starter version.
[…] Capterra’s overview of 8 open source or free applicant tracking systems […] Comment by technique Katya Savenkova on August 29, 2014 at 7:15 pm. I’d like to mention http://betterinterviews.com . Free version provides all features (postings to essay about purim, popular job boards, video-interview, customized career page, questionnaires, candidates comparison etc) for up to my teacher my hero, 5 users. Comment by JP Medved on about, September 2, 2014 at 3:05 pm. Great additions Martin and Katya, thanks! Comment by logical essay Rob Kelly on September 15, 2014 at 8:01 pm. JP, thanks for listing these Top free/open-source ATS’s. We referenced your post in this broader piece on the Top 50 Applicant Tracking Systems (http://blog.ongig.com/recruiting-software/top-applicant-tracking-systems). Comment by Jennifer on essay, September 16, 2014 at my hero essay contest, 8:22 am. Thanks JP for a very useful article! Here in Latin America we use the essay Talentsquare as ATS for our specific graduate campaigns all over Latin America and it works really well.
Candidates love it and we recruiters do too! I would definitely recommend Talentsquare and lord of the suggest you check it out on essay about, http://www.talentsquare.com. Greetings from Latin America! Comment by JP Medved on subject, September 16, 2014 at 10:55 am. Rob, great post, some very interesting data over essay purim, there. We’re right in lord of the essays the middle of essay about, research for a “Top 20” list of ATSs based on size, popularity, # of customers etc. Comment by JP Medved on September 16, 2014 at headings, 10:56 am. Another great, free option I wasn’t aware of, thanks for about the find! […] ATS Tracking System Tester- Nowadays, most resumes go through computerized Applicant Tracking System software before ever being seen by a human. It would be good to have your resume tested for of the essays evil a similar job to get an indication of essay, how it will perform.
If you look hard enough you may be able to find a free one, if not, hey-maybe a recruiter can help?” […] Comment by Jessica on November 19, 2014 at 1:17 pm. Hi JP – I am an HR Professional with many years experience and logical connectors essay was recently hired by a growing electronics recycling company to start-up the HR Department. I have absolutely no budget! I am so happy to have found your article! Your article and review of opencats is spot on. About Purim! The IT Director checked it our first before allowing installation and he was very impressed with how clean the the code is and could not believe it was open source.
As for my hero the functionality, I have used high dollar systems that don’t work half as well! I love it! Comment by about Joe on November 24, 2014 at 3:51 pm. Really good stuff on the site. I am at teaching a stone to talk, a crossroads, because we are a fairly new company and recently started out with Smartrecruiters. About Purim! Some of the features I thought was key; were multiple concurrent. Since recently joining and given they have recently decided to change their plans.
We are moving away from dissertation philosophique sur la, it because we cant afford the new model offering of essay purim, that supports a minimum 10 users. We only need one user, able to house candidates/resumes, create multiple job postings, link to to talk, our website and about whatever little other features that could be handy for managing it for a start up until we begin to win business which means we would then need a more robust recruiting database. Comment by Kalai Arasy on December 28, 2014 at 11:56 pm. Try CandidATS open source ATS which is improved version of OpenCATS 0.9.1 at http://candidats.sourceforge.net/ Comment by BC on purdue owl apa headings, December 29, 2014 at 8:40 am. Could you have a look at recruitee.com? It’s a new dutch ATS. Do you think it’s a good service?
Thanks in advance, Comment by Mike Lowery on January 14, 2015 at 7:42 pm. We are upgrading our website as well as our front/back office solutions so this blog was extremely helpful. Capterra provides a fantastic service by about helping business professionals – who are not necessarily IT or HR experts – make educated choices with regard to enterprise solutions. Excellent service. I’m a fan! Comment by Kalai Arasy on January 19, 2015 at 1:51 pm.
CandidATS now inbuilt docx and owl apa headings doc support. Now you can use CandidATS in shared server also. http://candidats.sourceforge.net/ Comment by Rishad Alavi on essay purim, February 9, 2015 at 2:44 am. Thank you for purdue the article. I would like to contribute by listing one more free ATS. In fact, Calibrace is a Free Talent Acquisition and Management Product that belong to the third generation. It offers a free version, paid and a 30 days full trial of the paid version.
The free version is limited to 5 active Jobs, an there is no cap on resumes. About Purim! All their premium features like Targeted sourcing, Intuitive validation are available in the free version as well. However, Intelligent reports are limited to only 1 custom report and the advanced referral module called Calibrace Prefer is available in paid version alone. Comment by purdue headings Cedrick Dunn on March 2, 2015 at 10:51 am. Here’s another Free applicant tracking System that just arrived on the scene lately. Visit RecruitersMap to learn more. Comment by kishore on about, March 20, 2015 at owl apa headings, 7:10 am. I am not sure weather this is the right place to open my discusion. I am planning to build my own Applicant tracking system, so i have questions regarding that. 1. can i purchase a complete ATS code from a company and essay about change the purdue headings UI and launch it ? Is this a good ides? 2. if i am developing my own ATS combining all features available in the market. what would be my budget to get this completed?
3. What technology i can use ? it should be my selling point. 4. what would be the purim time line and team strength involved in getting this completed successfully? […] ATS Tracking System Tester- Nowadays, most resumes go through computerized Applicant Tracking System software before ever being seen by a human. Essay Contest! It would be good to have your resume tested for a similar job to get an indication of how it will perform. If you look hard enough you may be able to find a free one, if not, hey-maybe a recruiter can help?” […]
Comment by Sam Terry on April 26, 2015 at 2:06 pm. We currently use Jobsoid http://www.jobsoid.com . Have tried some ATSs mentioned in about purim the post, but had issues with their costs and support. Connectors! Jobsoid is fairly straightforward with their pricing. Had got in touch with their support. They gave our entire team a 30 minutes free training as well. Have a good experience for the past few months. Comment by Jeanne on June 11, 2015 at 5:18 am.
do one of these tools give the possibility to import Data from excel files? Thanks in advance for your support. Comment by JP Medved on June 11, 2015 at 11:09 am. Most of purim, these tools will allow you to manually upload data/resumes/candidates from your existing records. […] Capterra’s overview of 8 open source or free applicant tracking systems […] […] your disposal (there are even more here).
In addition to proprietary solutions, there are also many open source projects (i.e., free tools) you might want to teaching to talk, consider—particularly if yours is a smaller […] […] ATS Tracking System Tester– Nowadays, most resumes go through computerized Applicant Tracking System software before ever being seen by a human. It would be good to have your resume tested for a similar job to get an essay about, indication of my teacher my hero essay contest, how it will perform. If you look hard enough you may be able to find a free one, if not, hey-maybe a recruiter can help?” […] Comment by Solomon K on August 27, 2015 at 11:35 am. I am looking for an offline windows based ATS. Apart from purim, Open CATS, any other offline products which is a little easier to install. We target Students coming on to job market hence at anytime need to keep track of at least 50-100 CVs per job posting. Comment by JP Medved on September 1, 2015 at 2:40 pm.
Unfortunately all the others on this list (beside OpenCATS) are web-based. However, there are several open source/offline options if you look at broader HR systems. Many of these have recruiting-specific modules and my teacher writing contest functionality as well, including A1 and about purim Deskera: Comment by dissertation philosophique sur la Anandraj on October 20, 2015 at 7:16 am. Please also try winrecruit.com for fee open source edition. Comment by about purim Edwin Jansen on December 11, 2015 at 8:51 am.
Another free ATS to add to the list! Fitzii has just changed it’s model to offer unlimited FREE use of its fully featured ATS as part of essay, a broader hiring platform, which also includes access to services like job ad writing and video interviewing, the about purim predictive Fitzii Assessment, and essay contest discounted rates on premium job boards. Learn more at purim, http://www.fitzii.com. Comment by Anne Waehner on February 3, 2016 at purdue owl apa, 11:25 am. Very helpful. But do any of these sites allow you to upload a resume or applicant details if you simply get a resume from an employee referral or though regular networking? Also, want to use one that is mainly for internal use/tracking – which one caters to that? Comment by JP Medved on March 7, 2016 at 4:58 pm.
Hi Anne, I think all of these offer manual resume uploading. Essay! As for internal use/tracking, OpenCATS will probably have the purdue most customization options from this list, but just about any of these that allow you to purim, build a custom careers page could be used on an internal intranet rather than publishing to external job boards. Comment by essay Nick Misa on April 4, 2016 at 12:05 pm. Our team over at Ongig just released our Applicant Tracking System Market Share Report for 2016. The report includes top 70 ATS’s, fastest growing ATS’s, and also insights on free ATS’s and essay top ATS’s used by philosophique technique startups: Comment by Neeraj Priyadarshi on April 14, 2016 at essay purim, 5:23 pm.
This is really good information, Though as a startup would like to have few recommendation as there are lots of stuff here. Appreciate if anyone can help to choose ATS with no cost or Minimal cost. Comment by Chris Bowd on April 26, 2016 at 9:38 pm. We used OpenCATS for dissertation sur la technique several years but became concerned at essay about, the complete lack of owl apa headings, development. In mid 2015 we discovered that a small software developer, Auieo.com, had picked up development under the CandidATS name, and now use that. CandidATS is basically the about purim same as OpenCATS except it’s maintained, albeit slowly. Essay A Stone! Given it’s completely free , slow development is acceptable. In any case it’s a relatively simple application with relatively simple objectives (storing and searching candidates, resumes, job pipelines etc.) so for us the major concern is addressed by about purim Auieo, namely fixing minor issues, ensuring compatibility with MySQL and PHP updates etc. For any serious recruiter, CandidATS provides an excellent, very stable and free, standalone ATS solution. Logical Essay! I fully recommend it.
Comment by Eric Christopher on May 31, 2016 at essay purim, 11:10 pm. We’re a home health agency that uses a task management tool for recruit management, as well as a hundred other things. Boards define the categories (RN Recruiting; OT Recruiting; PT Recruiting; etc.), and tasks are where the candidates are shared, discussed, and archived. Admittedly, it’s a program that lacks some of the functionality of some of the offerings detailed above by essays @rizzleJPizzle; however, it’s been a major solution for a variety of issues at our agency, and it may be worth a look for some others in essay similar situations. Comment by Paresh Pandit on June 20, 2016 at 4:58 am. It seems that OpenCATS might be the only completely free option, which also has powerful enough features, and accommodates the agency side of things as well.
I am looking for a good enough open source ATS for an agency client, which provides scope for customisation, CRM integration, and scaling in terms of teaching a stone, number of recruiters and job postings. Essay About! Would I then be correct in assuming that OpenCATS is my best bet here? #128578; Comment by headings jane Dixon on October 20, 2016 at purim, 1:47 pm. Currently, the only “free” ATS are OpenCats, Qandidate and Ikrut. the others are either free trial or free for one or so job posting. I must agree that OpenCats seem to be the best so far. Connectors Essay! The only thing lacking on that platform, is the purim ability to populate candidates details using their resume. Comment by logical essay JP Medved on October 20, 2016 at 3:44 pm. Fitzii and SmartRecruiters are also options on this list not limited by number of about purim, job postings. But to clarify, for those, like Zoho Recruit, that are limited by job postings, those are *concurrent* job postings.
Meaning you can take one down and replace it with a new one and to thesis the tool is essay about purim still free. […] ATS Tracking System Tester– Nowadays, most resumes go through computerized Applicant Tracking System software before ever being seen by a human. Purdue Owl Apa! It would be good to have your resume tested for a similar job to get an indication of essay, how it will perform. If you look hard enough you may be able to find a free one, if not, hey-maybe a recruiter can help?” […] Comment by Lisa Elliot on February 27, 2017 at 1:43 pm. Which are these sites work internationally? Kind regards, Lisa.
Comment by George VanderWerk on logical essay, March 3, 2017 at 10:47 am. Comment on about purim, both the interesting info by J.P. Medved and the “pingback” about the resume test. As a matter of fact I am myself searching for a way of testing my resume (and my C.V.) to find out how it would look to a recruiter after being processed by a stone an ATS. I wonder if there is something usefull on essay about, the air somewhere for free, with just enough functionality for the purpose, rather than downloading a complete ATS? Would someone have any ideas? […] ATS Tracking System Tester– Nowadays, most resumes go through computerized Applicant Tracking System software before ever being seen by a human. It would be good to have your resume tested for teaching to talk a similar job to get an indication of essay purim, how it will perform. My Teacher My Hero Writing! If you look hard enough you may be able to find a free one, if not, hey-maybe a recruiter can help?” […]
Comment by about Andrew Nikituk on April 4, 2017 at subject to thesis, 8:52 am. Very useful article, thanks. About Purim! Also, I can to add, that if you need access for 200-million database of purdue, candidates you can try to essay about, use https://www.signalhire.com/content/candidate-database which is a true gold mine for any recruiter. […] tri manuel alors que le nombre de CV est eleve, d’autres privilegient un ATS gratuit qui offre moins de service. Mais attention, meme avec la gratuite, il peut y avoir des couts […] Comment by Sol Saguaro on May 18, 2017 at 1:05 pm. When applying for a high-level position with a favorite nonprofit, I discovered that its “free” application management software — ApplicantPro — is philosophique sur la technique actually a frontend for essay refer.io, a spam marketer.
I was asked if I wanted to receive additional job offers. Owl Apa Headings! Thinking they meant from the nonprofit; of course, I clicked yes. And then… Not only did refer.io capture all the about personal information I entered (including a confidential cover letter), it also scraped my LinkedIn profile for additional data. It wasn’t ten minutes after submitting my application that I started getting spam mail from refer.io (which fallaciously suggested they were coming from the nonprofit) and — coincidentally? — from another spammer with a familiar pitch. (The jobs they offered were really crummy, nothing to do with my interests or skills, e.g., Avon sales.) Watch out for free application-management software! This isn’t any free lunch. I promised confidentiality, but if it got out that the dissertation sur la nonprofit had been used by the spammer to capture applicants’ personal information, it would be very bad juju. Comment by Nick Misa on May 24, 2017 at 4:16 pm. Hi JP, Great list of Top free/open-source ATS’s. Comment by John Coote on June 8, 2017 at 11:02 pm.
Very informative article here. When you next update, please consider adding Pipeline to your list. http://www.datahousesoftware.com/pipeline. Comment by Paraj Sharma on August 31, 2017 at 11:22 pm. Thanks for this article. I couldn’t find the free version of essay about purim, SmartRecruiters. Is there anyone who recently downloaded it successfully? Thanks. Compare Applicant Tracking Software.
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Purim – the Festival of Masks – Aleph Society
Radiohead, or the Philosophy of Pop. Walter Benn Michaels. The Reality of Reality Television. The Reality of essay about Reality Television. Publication date Fall 2005. Philosophique Sur La Technique. There is about, a persistent dream that television will be more than it is: that it will not only sit in essay teaching a stone, every home, but make a conduit for those homes to reach back to a shared fund of life. The utopia of about purim television nearly came within reach in 1992, on the day cable providers announced that cable boxes would expand to lord of the flies essays evil 500 channels. Essay About Purim. Back then, our utopian idea rested on assumptions both right and wrong.
We assumed network-sized broadcasters could never afford new programming for subject so many active channels. That was right. We also assumed TV subscribers wouldn#8217;t stand for 500 channels of identical fluff, network reruns, syndicated programs, second-run movies, infomercials, and home shopping. Essay About Purim. That was wrong. Philosophique Sur La. We were sure the abundance of channels would bring on stations of pure environmental happiness, carrying into our homes the essay about purim comforts everyone craves: the 24-hour Puppy Channel, the Sky Channel, the Ocean Channel, the Baby Channel—showing nothing but frolicsome puppies, placid sky, tumultuous ocean, and big-headed babies. It never happened.
And yet cable TV did indeed get cut up for small pleasures, in the advertisement of essay a stone to talk more utilitarian interests, on the Food Network, the InStyle Network, and Home and Garden Television (HGTV).(Natural beauty took hold on cable only in the pious slideshows of the Christian channels, where Yosemite is subtitled by 1st Corinthians.) The meaningful history of technology turns out to be a history of essay about its fantasized uses as much as of the dissertation philosophique sur la shapes it actually takes. Our cable-box dreams finally rested on one beautiful notion: the participatory broadcasting of real life. With such a ludicrous number of channels, companies would just have to give some of the essay dial over to logical connectors the rest of us, the viewers—wouldn#8217;t they? And we millions would flow into the vacuum of about purim content. Writing. We#8217;d manifest our nature on channels 401 to essay purim 499 as surely as do puppies, ocean, and sky. We#8217;d do it marrying, arguing, staring at the wall, dining, studying our feet, holding contests, singing, sneezing.
Hundreds of thousands of us had cameras. Well, we#8217;d plug them in and leave the tape running for our real life. Of The Evil. In this underlying dream, we were neither exactly wrong nor right. The promise of the 500 channels went to waste. The techno-utopians#8217; fantasies shifted to the internet. Nothing like the paradise we hoped for essay purim came to fruition on TV, that#8217;s for sure.
Instead we got reality TV. The assessment of lord of the essays reality television depends first on your notion of television; second, on your idea of political community. Here is a standard misconception: since the noblest forms of artistic endeavor are fictional and dramatic (the novel, film, painting, plays), it can be assumed that the major, proper products of purim television will be its dramatic entertainments, the sitcom and my hero essay the hour-long drama. I think this is wrong, and very possibly wrong for a whole number of reasons. Drama has a different meaning in a commercial medium where #8220;programming#8221; came into being as bacon to wrap the real morsels of steak, the 90-second advertisements. It means something different when it exists in a medium we switch on to see #8220;what#8217;s on TV#8221; rather than to find a given single work; when the goal is more often to watch television than to watch a particular drama and then turn it off.
From its beginnings in the early 1950s, TV has been blamed for encouraging overindividualism, for hastening consumer suckerdom, for spurring passivity and couch-potatoness, and for making up the essay purim sensational bread-and-circuses of mass-culture tyranny. That pretty much covers it. And yet when opponents tried to divide the wretched things flickering inside the idiot-box into categories, they made excuses for quite unnecessary forms that they felt they recognized (highbrow TV dramas) while deriding unique and far more important items that didn#8217;t suit their vision of dramatic art (game shows, local news, now reality shows). The real principled problem ought to be with drama. The modern form of the longstanding Western philosophical argument against placing drama at the center of a republic was articulated twenty years beforethe American Revolution. Rousseau insisted in his Letter to M. D#8217;Alembert that a republic (in his case Geneva, circa 1758) was correct to keep a theater out of its public life. To Rousseau, a republic is dissertation philosophique sur la technique, a political community in which each person is equal and sovereign—as it should be to us, today, living in the American republic. Essay About Purim. The citizen is not sovereign alone, but sovereign through his activity in a community of my hero essay contest peers. The drama, when it was given too much power, crowded out the true entertainments of any republican political community— entertainments whose delights must be rooted in about purim, that self-regard and free judgment in daily activity which strengthens the bonds of lord flies evil citizen to citizen. (Bear in mind that Rousseau, in purim, ancien regime Paris, loved the flies essays theater: #8220;Racine charms me and I have never willingly missed a performance of Moliere.#8221; A corrupt order, of nobility and monarchy, could hardly be made worse by drama and might be made better. But the philosopher loved a republic more.) Rousseau expected that a republic#8217;s civic entertainments would be displays of what people already do. Singing, building, decorating, beauty, athletics, and dancing gave pleasure and #8220;entertainment#8221; because the participants not only accomplished the acts but became spectacles to themselves—and to others, their equals and fellow-citizens, who had done just the same activities.
Republican entertainments might often take the form of the contest or the demonstration. But they might also be the special celebration of ordinary living itself—the #8220;festival#8221;: Plant a stake crowned with flowers in the middle of about a square; gather the people together there, and lord evil you will have a festival. Do better yet; let the spectators become an entertainment to themselves; let them become actors themselves; do it so each sees and loves himself in the others so that all will be better united. #8220;Let the spectators become an entertainment to themselves#8221;: a part of TV has always done this. It has meant, at different times, local programming, Huntley and Brinkley, the national news at 6 and local news at 11, talk shows and talent shows, This is Your Life and the regional tours of Wheel of Fortune . Accept, though, that television#8217;s most important function might always have been to let citizens see each other and be seen in their representatives—in our only truly national universal medium—and you#8217;re left to ask what will accomplish it best today. Reality television may furnish its dark apotheosis—a form for essay an era in logical connectors essay, which local TV has been consolidated out of existence, regional differences are said to be diminishing (or anyway are less frequently represented), and news, increasingly at the service of sales departments, has forfeited its authority to represent the polity. We need myths, not only of our ideal, and our average, but of our fallen extreme.
Since the establishment of informed-consent rules in the 1970s, the about purim golden age of social psychology is gone. No more Stanley Milgram#8217;s proof that ordinary citizens will push the voltage to essay the red zone while the electrocuted actor screams—so long as a lab-coated tester is there to give the orders. No more Philip Zimbardo#8217;s proof that fake guards will brutalize fake prisoners if you arbitrarily split Stanford students into two groups, lock them in a basement, and leave them to their own devices. No more Harold Garfinkel#8217;s demonstrations that testers can drive strangers berserk if they stare at purim, other riders on philosophique sur la, the elevator or if children refuse to recognize their parents. Today we are reliant on Elimidate , Punk#8217;d , and Survivor . Watching reality television is essay about purim, like walking one long hallway of an unscrupulous and peculiarly indefatigable psychology department. The first ideal-type of reality TV is the show of the subject to thesis pure event. Cops represents one end of purim its spectrum, the low-budget dating shows ( Blind Date , Elimidate , Fifth Wheel , Xtreme Dating ) the other.
You discern patterns in each—the effect on the watchful viewer is of a patterned repetition of wholly singular encounters. In the endless scenes of arrests, traffic stops, drive-by warnings (#8220;OK, you ain#8217;t going to do it again#8221;), domestic disturbances, and interviews with complainants (#8220;Calm down, ma#8217;am, just tell me what happened#8221;), it becomes clear that justice, at the level of the arrest, has less to do than you might have thought with the code of law. Between cop and civilian, everything is of the essays, determined by personality; each word is a step in a negotiation; the tools each side possesses seem arbitrary and confused, in the wheedling or vagueness of the suspect, the mock-authoritativeness and purim lack of information of the cop. Headings. So you make notes to your criminal self: never voluntarily submit to a search. But it doesn#8217;t take long to essay realize that, in the situation, you wouldn#8217;t remember all you#8217;d learned watching Cops ; politeness and hustling would take over. Dissertation Philosophique Technique. In the essay purim immediate interaction between two people, each staring into the other#8217;s eyes and trying to teaching a stone to talk persuade him toward escape or incrimination, drugged by fear when not hazy with narcotics, you see the hidden face-to-face interactions of your countrymen. And on Blind Date and Xtreme Dating and Fifth Wheel , with wary daters eyeing each other over pasta dinners, leglessly drunk in a hundred indistinguishable neon dives and, afterwards, on the best dates, mumbling vulgar blandishments in hot tubs, you see that romance is not angelic recognition nor simple animal lust but a negotiation—the same as in the Cops arrest. Essay About. The blind date and lord flies essays the traffic stop become on late-night TV the two paradigmatic experiences of essay about purim American encounters between strangers. Homogenous America is instantly disproved by bizarre America.
It is reassuring to watch this openness and fumbling. Finally you see without intermediary dramatization the landscape of tanning salons and my teacher essay writing restaurants and aikido studios in essay about, every corner of the country, the still-distinct accents but universalized, television-influenced behaviors, the dilemma of what to say and which personality to project, as if the social relation were being rebuilt, in a cutaway scale model of our society—a great televised Ark of a changing civilization—two by two. So even though evidently all women look for #8220;sense of humor#8221; and all men want someone #8220;I can have fun with,#8221; even though all good girls say they are #8220;wild#8221; and all good boys avow that they are #8220;players,#8221; this has only an my teacher my hero writing contest, equivocal effect on individuals#8217; relentlessly erroneous attempts to approximate trends and manners learned from TV, which seems to about purim be what#8217;s really going on. Yoyoing modesty and immodesty (#8220;I#8217;m a bad girl. I mean, I#8217;m mostly bad in bed#8221;); frank talk about teaching a stone to talk penis size and boob jobs but wildly variable estimates on the morality of kissing on a first date; shy clumsiness masked under pornographic aspirations (#8220;Have you ever had a threesome?#8221; #8220;No, that#8217;s more like, a goal of mine#8221;)— this , the cameras prove, is the current American performing-reality. Everyone tries to play someone else on TV, but still feels so many tethering strings from the prosaic, deficient, and plain polite that conformity becomes chaotic and imitation idiosyncratic. #8220;Voyeurism#8221; was never the right word for what it means to watch these shows. You feel some identification with the essay about participants, and even more sympathy with the situation. #8220;And if I were pulled over—and if I were set up on a blind date—how would I fare?#8221; But primarily, and this is the more important thing to say about logical connectors essay reality TV, there is always judgment . You can#8217;t know the deeds your countrymen will do until you see them; and once these deeds are seen, you won#8217;t fail to judge and retell them.
Reality TV is related in this respect to the demimonde of The People#8217;s Court , Divorce Court , Judge Hatchett ,and Judge Judy . Classy critics hate these shows too, or claim to. Purim. I think that#8217;s a mistake. Lord Essays. The way in which all reality TV—and much of daytime TV—can be #8220;real#8221; across social classes is in its capacity for judgment. The #8220;friends#8221; on essay, Friends were an ideological group, propagandists for a bland class of the rich in a sibling-incest sitcom. The show didn#8217;t allow you to subject take their idiocy to task, nor ever to question the details of how they paid their rent or their hairdresser#8217;s bill, or how they acted on the #8220;outside.#8221; If only Judge Judy could sit in judgment of them, once! If only Cops would break down their door and throw them against the wall! Monica, you ignorant Skeletor, eat a sandwich! Ross, you vainglorious paleontologist, read a book! You mortuary creep ! Truly, the judge shows have a vengeful appeal: they gather every inept, chiseling, weaseling, self-focused sort of person you meet in your daily life and, counting on each one#8217;s stupidity and vanity to get him up into essay about, the dock, they yell at him. Dissertation Technique. This is one way to essay purim come to terms with your fellow citizens.
Much reality TV, by contrast, communicates a relative openness of judgment, though judgment is its one constant—and does so also by its wider identity of of the flies essays situation between the about viewer and those before the teaching a stone cameras. (Nearly everybody has dated, and, from rich to essay poor, nearly everybody fears the lord of the flies police when driving and will call on them when threatened.) Reality TV#8217;s judgment falls on #8220;another oneself,#8221; however much one retains the right to disown and ridicule this nitwitted fellow-citizen. Nowadays, at every level of our society, there is a hunger for judgment. Essay. Often this becomes summary judgment—not so much the wish to know the truth, but the brutal decisionism that would rather be wrong than stay in a stone to talk, suspension. This is the will not to deliberate but to sentence. In the political realm, it has influenced the shape of the current disaster. Its soft manifestations own the therapeutic talk shows, in the sniffling and nose wiping of a Dr. Phil , where the essay about purim expert is never at teaching a stone, a loss.
He will not say: #8220;No, your situation is too messed up for essay about purim me to advise you; I have a similar problem; think for yourself.#8221; Whereas the cheapest and rawest reality TV offers you a chance to judge people like you, people who do lots of the same things you do. It is cheap, it is amoral, it has no veneer of subject virtue, it is widely censured and a guilty pleasure, and it can be more educational and essay about purim truthful and American than most anything else, very suitable for our great republic. Flies Essays. Until, that is, one began to essay about see what the capital-rich networks would make of it. For they got into essays, the act, like dinosaurs in about, an inland sea, and they made the waters heave. They developed the writing grandiose second ideal-type of filmed reality, courtesy of bigger budgets and serial episodes: the about show of the group microcosm. Of The Flies. The microcosms were large-scale endeavors, financed by purim, FOX, MTV, NBC, ABC, CBS, and the WB. (The other shows had been cheaply made and dissertation philosophique sur la served up to UHF and low-budget cable stations by syndication, or, like Cops , run in the early barebones years of FOX and retained.) MTV#8217;s The Real World , which put teens in a group house with cameras, was the earliest and most incomplete example. The pun in its #8220;real world#8221; title meant both that you would see how non-actors interacted (initially fascinating) and that this was, for many of the children on the show, their first foray away from home (pretty boring, after the umpteenth homesick phone call). MTV#8217;s goal was to make up a #8220;generation,#8221; not a society, as MTV is the most aggressive promoter of one version of youth as a wholesale replacement of adult life. Essay Purim. Subsequently the broadcast networks converted the dating #8220;event#8221; show into sagas of to talk thirty suitors, peeling them away one by one until only the chosen bride or groom remained. Big Brother turned the house show, too, into a competition. An even more triumphant microcosm was Survivor —followed, in time, by The Amazing Race . Essay About. The newer shows that defined the microcosmic reality and essay teaching to talk blended it with competition adopted the same basic forms of social discovery that had animated the birth of the English novel: the desert-island Robinsonade of Survivor , the at-the-ends-of-the-earth-bedragons imperialist travelogue and about quest romance of The Amazing Race , even, perhaps, the sentimental seductions of The Bachelor , where so many willing Clarissas rode in limousines squealing to a manor house to hand their hearts to Lovelace.
Yet Survivor never took up the society-from-nothing isolation of the lord of the desert island, which had motivated the original Robinson Crusoe . The Amazing Race didn#8217;t care about the Englishman-in-Lilliput foreignness of essay purim Swift or the chance meetings of purdue owl apa headings picaresque or even the travelers#8217; tall tales in essay about, Hakluyt. The shows had no interest in starting civilization from scratch. Nor for that matter were they much interested in travel—on The Amazing Race , you glimpse the essays blurred locals out the windows of speeding cars. These shows were about the spectacularization of a microcosmic America—about the reduction of society to a cross-section of our countrymen—still so very American, never #8220;going native.#8221; The shows put together sociable Americans, so they would have nothing left but their group interactions, their social negotiations, to keep them going. Nobody let them starve, nothing endangered them. Nominally structured as a contest of skill, skill mattered little and essay about #8220;alliances#8221; much on Survivor . The sniping and soothing in couples and trios—forming and reforming, betraying and my hero essay sticking together—were the main things of interest on that show and on The Amazing Race , where it was hard to about tell if we were supposed to care, really, that one pair ran faster than another. How do Americans talk and how do they arrange things, in dissertation technique, a completely minimal setting, a little like the office and a little like the home but not totally unlike a sequestered jury?
So many of the contestants brought the workplace with them, and they were meant to, since they were identified at every subtitle of their names with their stateside jobs: Actor/Model, Computer Programmer, Fireman. This was our festival. Let#8217;s see if the purim alliance can hold between the flies essays evil Stock Trader, the purim Carpenter, and the Actress. Who will emerge as the #8220;Survivor#8221;? Let#8217;s race the Midget and subject her Cousin, so lovable, against essay, the Bad Couple Who Should Not Marry. Let#8217;s see who our true representatives are.
The structure of each of the shows that #8220;voted people off the island,#8221; requiring the microcosm to draw itself down each week, echoed, with static, the old idea of a republic of political equals, who despite unequal skills and my hero writing contest endowments one by one would recuse themselves from activity to leave a single best representative behind to speak in public for their interests. If we truly all are equals in America, this would be a picture, in ideal form, of how we choose aldermen and selectmen and Congressmen—using our sovereignty to withdraw our sovereignty, that is to say, to focus it in the hands, for two or four years, of individuals who act for about us. By this means the microcosm programs resembled political allegories. And yet many of the reality shows of the microcosmic community were quite deliberately, self-consciously implanted, sometimes by the rules, sometimes by the informal instructions given to players, with an original sin. That sin was the will to of the flies essays evil power by trickery, the essay about purim will to logical connectors deception, which puts the power-mad ahead of the natural leader. And the players did not rebel—they accepted this, knowing it too well from home, from what they would call their #8220;real life.#8221; #8220;That#8217;s how you play the game,#8221; each aspiring survivor explained, with the resignation of purim a trapped bear chewing off its leg, #8220;you have to fool people, you can only be loyal to yourself.#8221; They had the republican ideal in their hands, and didn#8217;t use it. It got confused with the economic or Darwinian model of logical connectors essay competition, in about purim, which anti-representative stratagems are justified because one wins in the defeat and eradication of all others to dissertation philosophique technique gain a single jackpot. This, too, was an about, aspect of the purdue owl apa realness of about purim #8220;reality#8221; for a stone Americans: we knew we were witnessing republics of voting or shared excellence competing, or perhaps blending, with another force in our lives. As deception and power-hunger are the sins built into essay purim, the microcosm, so the fixed norm is the flaw introduced into shows of pure judgment. Essay. It produces the third ideal type of reality TV: the show of the industry standard. It was latent in the grand-scale dating shows, these contests that brought in the single judge and essay about purim red roses and owl apa headings arbitrary rules and about purim an image of romantic love from somewhere in the minds of Hallmark: but who knows, maybe this was close enough to the values of dreamy romance to form some people#8217;s preexisting reality.
In American Idol , though, you see the my teacher my hero essay writing strong beginning of the reality show of the third type. American Idol was the best, and the most insinuating, of the industry shows because it took one of the basic categories of about common endeavor, that Rousseau loved well—a singing contest, the commonplace sibling of writing a beauty or dancing or athletic contest. Everyone sings, if only in the shower—and the footage of the worst contestants made clear that the contest did include all of us, that the equivalent of singing in the shower was being considered, too, on essay, the way to the final idol. The show had #8220;America#8221; judge, by essay, casting the final votes, en masse . About. Yet it used professional judges in the meantime, a panel of allegorical experts, Simon Cowell (rhymes with #8220;scowl#8221;; the Stern Judge; George III), Paula Abdul (the Universal Sexy Mommy; Betsy Ross), and Randy Jackson (the Spirit of Diversity). Allegorically, America would free itself from the tyranny of the flies essays evil English King, having learned his wisdom, pay due homage to its own diversity, and enjoy the independence to make its own choice—which the hands-tied Englishman#8217;s production company would have to live with, and distribute to record stores. Poor George III!
What one really learned was that, unlike a singing contest in the high school gym, the essay about purim concern of the recording industry was not just, or no longer, whether someone could sing. It was whether a contestant was fitted to the industry, malleable enough to meet the norms of music marketing. Of The Flies Essays. The curtain was pulled away from the Great Oz, and the public invited to examine his cockpit and vote which lever or switch to pull next. Essay Purim. As it turns out, it is really no less pleasant to purdue headings choose a winner to about suit the norms of flies essays music marketing, than to choose on individual talent. One was still choosing, and the idol would still be ours. An idol of the marketplace, to be sure, but still our representative American idol.
The major new successes of the past few years have taught (or pretended to about purim teach) the norms of other industries. Lord Of The Essays Evil. The Apprentice , a show in which one tries to essay about learn skill in business, teaches the arbitrariness of contemporary success in relation to skill. The winners are conditioned to meet a certain kind of norm, not really familiar from anywhere else in life, which corresponds to #8220;the values of business#8221; as interpreted by Trump. America#8217;s Next Top Model shows how a beauty contest ceases to be about beauty. The real fascination of the show is logical connectors, learning, first, how the norms of the essay fashion industry don#8217;t correspond to ordinary ideas of beauty (you knew it abstractly, here#8217;s proof!), but to requirements of the display of clothes and shilling for cosmetics; second, how the show will, in the name of these norms, seek something quite different in its contestants—a psychological adhesiveness, a willingness to be remade and obey. The Starlet suggests the distance between the norms of TV acting and the craft of acting—and yet again, in the name of #8220;how it#8217;s done in the industry,#8221; which provides one kind of interest, the contestants are recast psychologically, which provides the other. And on it goes, with #8220;how to become a chef#8221; ( Hell#8217;s Kitchen ) and #8220;how to be a clothing designer#8217;s minion#8221; ( The Cut ), et cetera.
1. All this is interesting and revealing in its way. But the final stage is connectors, all too familiar: that is, the flow back of essay about norms justified by industry into norms for inner spaces—first the mind, which accepts insane instructions and modifications, then the spaces that have nothing to do with either public life or work, and should offer safety from their demands. I am thinking of the owl apa home and the integral body, underneath the skin. For a final, baroque range of reality shows has emerged in the last two years: The Swan , Extreme Makeover , and, when these turned out to be slightly more than viewers could bear, Extreme Makeover: Home Edition and essay about its copycat shows. The Swan and Extreme Makeover also drew on the most basic of all spectacles-of-excellence, the beauty contest or #8220;pageant#8221;—which once formed a way of seeing or understanding the country, as in the Miss America contests (when you would root for your state while admiring the flowers of the other forty-nine). And the new shows advanced a new kind of norm by recreating it surgically, by literally rebuilding people#8217;s faces and bodies to suit, not beauty, but a kind of televisual glamour. Ordinary unattractive people, given nose jobs, boob jobs, liposuction, lip collagen, tummy tucks, and chin pulls—plus fifty minutes of therapy—looked like wax mannequins when, alone and imprisoned in a Gothic mansion, the naturally lovely host pulled the dissertation philosophique sur la technique velvet drapes back from the mirror, and the rebuilt women, inevitably, began to weep, shocked.
Then the host spoke: #8220;You#8217;re crying because you#8217;ve never seen yourself so beautiful. You#8217;re crying because you#8217;ve been transformed,#8221; intoning these words until the weeping speechless victim nodded. If this looked like brainwashing, you hardly knew the horror of it until the essay about camera cut to a boardroom of the logical essay delighted surgical experts who had done the work—each one of them equally off-kilter and monstrous because of surgical modifications made to essay his own face or teeth or eyes or hair. My Hero Writing. (Flashback to about purim one of the famous Rod Serling-written Twilight Zone episodes, this one from 1960: an ordinary woman is called #8220;ugly#8221; and pressured into damaging facial surgery that we can#8217;t understand—until the camera pulls back to my teacher essay writing contest show us that everyone in about, her world is hideously disfigured! Yee-ikes!) The point of these shows was not just how people would be altered, but that they could be altered.
As the Six Million Dollar Man introduction used to say, #8220;We have the a stone technology . . .#8221; but what was needed was the rationale. When this transdermal insertion of the norm into average people came to seem suspect, the essay purim networks increasingly devoted episodes to already hideously ugly and purdue owl apa disfigured people, so that the norm could be disguised as charity or medical necessity. But the purim greater success proved to subject be the subtle turn, with charitable aspect intact, to demolishing and rebuilding people#8217;s homes rather than their faces, in the adjunct called Extreme Makeover: Home Edition , which supersized existing home-decorating reality shows like Trading Spaces (on which two neighbors agree to redecorate one room in each other#8217;s home). Extreme Makeover would get at privacy in one way or another; if not through the body then through the private space that shelters it. A team of experts came in to essay about wreck your shabby domicile and my teacher my hero essay writing rebuild it.
The dwellings that resulted were no longer homes, but theme houses; instead of luxuries, the designers filled rooms with stage sets keyed to their ten-minute assessments of the residents#8217; personalities: #8220;Little Timmy wants to be a fireman, so we made his room look like it#8217;s on fire!#8221; As long as the homeowners were poor or handicapped enough, anything was a step up. The show has been an about, enormous hit. Whatever can be done in the name of charity or medicine or health will allow the reinsertion of the norm into further spheres of purdue owl apa privacy. Fox is said to be planning Who Wants to Live Forever? , a #8220;program that predicts when participants will die and then helps them extend their lifespan through dieting, exercise, [and] breaking bad habits.#8221; The circle is closed, and #8220;reality#8221; here no longer lets us observe our real life, but its modifications in the name of purim a statistical life to come. Headings. The private matters we can#8217;t, or shouldn#8217;t, see flow in to replace our public witnessing of each other. And the essay about festival is no longer of ourselves, but of phantasms projected by industries of health, beauty, home, all industries requiring our obedience; worse than the my teacher my hero essay writing contest monsters of drama, because they don#8217;t admit their degree of fiction. The reality of reality television is that it is the one place that, first, shows our fellow citizens to us and, then, shows that they have been changed by television . This reality is the essay unacknowledged truth that drama cannot, and will not, show you. A problem of dramatic television, separate from what the corrupt characters say and do, is purdue, that it shows people who live as if they were not being shaped by television. Essay About Purim. On this point it profoundly fails to capture our reality. (The novel, in contrast, was always obsessed with the way consciousness was shaped and ruined by reading novels.) And this is consistent with the way in my hero essay writing, which television, more than other media, has a willingness to essay do the lord of the flies evil work of shaping life, and subservience to advertising and industry, even when its creators do not understand what they#8217;re up to. Drama says: this is harmless, fictional.
In fact it pushes certain ways of life. But wherever industrial norms repenetrate the televised rendition of reality, they can directly push certain ways of essay life, no longer even needing to use the mediation of #8220;harmless#8221; fiction and drama. One can sometimes fight corruption with corruption: Blind Date to counter Friends . So what in our television experience, against sur la technique, Extreme Makeover , will show the ways in which homes and about faces cannot be remade? Who will make the essay teaching reality to counter #8220;reality#8221;? The popular but anomalous show Fear Factor has a different relation to the norm. Fear Factor adds an outside rule to sport. All the sports we watch on essay, TV (football, baseball, golf, tennis) were invented and enjoyed by participants before being transposed to the small screen for the benefit of spectators. Fear Factor seems in logical connectors essay, contrast to be a show of “sports” devised on behalf of spectators rather than participants. Its goal is the essay pleasure of the viewer. And its standard turns out to teaching a stone be a kind of norm no one would dare articulate or declare respectable—that television, playing the about role here of the industry, makes spectators long to see the human body in my hero writing contest, postures and activities it would pain individuals to see in person. How could we have known that it’s pleasurable to watch chiseled hardbodies and women in essay, bikinis be forced to eat cow spleen or writhe in boxes of logical connectors essay slugs, and that these delights of sexual sadism could go along with the wash-you-clean thrills of spinning platforms, ladders hanging from helicopters, and speedboat draggings, which end with the contestants’ bodies hurled into rivers or lakes? #8617; Salman the Clown.
Not utopia, but it was nice. With how many people did people used to sleep? It’s hard to tell. Essay About Purim. Language changes, and there’s the problem of bragging. Poor R. The double-bind he’s in lord flies evil, has made him lose his mind.
Or maybe it’s the Pinor Noir? Dear Oprah, None of us can prove our books are of essay about purim genuine worth yet. Instead, we#8217;re impatient. Do not think that we were being horrible, indifferent parents. Today the concept of global peak oil is dissertation technique, widely accepted in the energy field. People read less, but ideas once derived from books, and now turned into circulating rumors, are all they have. Issue 3 Radiohead, or the Philosophy of Pop Mark Greif. Essay. Issue 3 A Violent Season Emily Votruba. My Teacher My Hero Essay Writing Contest. Issue 3 First Love Pankaj Mishra. Issue 3 The Neoliberal Imagination Walter Benn Michaels. Essay About Purim. When you wear the essay teaching to talk Fordson tractor belt buckle my father gave me, you’re a hipster.
When I wear it, I’m a redneck. Issue 3 Two Fairy Tales Lyudmila Petrushevskaya. Essay About Purim. Issue 3 What Independent Film? Andrew Bujalski. Issue 3 Or Things I Did Not Do or Say Benjamin Kunkel. And yes, one knows what it is like to receive a harsh review; and yes, one is aware of the basic inhumanity of the critic’s task. A specter is haunting the academy—the specter of close reading. Dissertation Technique. Levitt, then, far from being a rogue, is really Becker’s dutiful heir. A Rushdie novel, like its author, is a public figure, its thingness easy to lose in the sound and the fury. “Does he who fights douchebags become, inevitably, something of a douchebag?” Fashion Supplement Fashion Supplement: Introduction Mark Greif.
In George W. Bush, we have a president for whom reading a teleprompter seems to be a physical exertion. Issue 9 Octomom, One Year Later Mark Greif. Jonathan Franzen’s novel is a feeling-machine. Issue 10 Four Responses to Freedom Keith Gessen, Mark Greif, Benjamin Kunkel, Marco Roth. The growing influence of the essay purim Italian philosopher’s work seems in many respects to depend on his remarkable sense of taste. Fashion is a dark forest of essay half-starved wolves, tarted up with stiff collars and eye-tints, mangy fur and sultry looks. n+1 is a print and digital magazine of literature, culture, and politics published three times a year.
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Purim | The Pluralism Project
essay on agnosticism J. Huxley, Diary of H. M. S. Rattlesnake. Collected Essays V. #9;Within the last few months, the public has received much and varied information on about, the subject of agnostics, their tenets, and even their future. Agnosticism exercised the orators of the Church Congress at Manchester. 1 It has been furnished with a set of lord flies essays evil articles fewer, but not less rigid, and certainly not less consistent than the thirty-nine; its nature has been analysed, and its future severely predicted by the most eloquent of that prophetical school whose Samuel is Auguste Comte. Essay About Purim! It may still be a question, however, whether the public is as much the wiser as might be expected, considering all the trouble that has been taken to enlighten it.
Not only are the three accounts of the agnostic position sadly out of harmony with one another, but I  propose to show cause for my belief that all three must be seriously questioned by dissertation philosophique any one who employs the term agnostic in the sense in which it was originally used. The learned Principal of King's College, who brought the topic of Agnosticism before the Church Congress, took a short and easy way of settling the business:#150; #9;But if this be so, for a man to about purim urge, as an escape from subject to thesis, this article of belief, that he has no means of a scientific knowledge of the unseen world, or of the future, is irrelevant. His difference from essay about purim, Christians lies not in my teacher contest the fact that he has no knowledge of these things, but that he does not believe the authority on essay, which they are stated. He may prefer to call himself an subject, Agnostic; but his real name is an essay, older one#150;he is an connectors essay, infidel; that is to say, an unbeliever. The word infidel, perhaps, carries an unpleasant significance. Perhaps it is right that it should.
It is, and it ought to be, an unpleasant thing for a man to have to say plainly that he does not believe in Jesus Christ. 2. #9;So much of Dr. Wace's address either explicitly or implicitly concerns me, that I take upon myself to deal with it; but, in so doing, it must be understood that I speak for myself alone. I am not aware that there is any sect of essay about purim Agnostics;  and if there be, I am not its acknowledged prophet or pope. I desire to leave to teaching the Comtists the entire monopoly of the manufacture of imitation ecclesiasticism. #9;Let us calmly and about dispassionately consider Dr. Essay Teaching A Stone To Talk! Wace's appreciation of agnosticism.
The agnostic, according to essay about purim his view, is a person who says he has no means of attaining a scientific knowledge of the unseen world or of the future; by teaching which somewhat loose phraseology Dr. Wace presumably means the theological unseen world and essay purim future. Sur La! I cannot think this description happy, either in form or substance, but for the present it may pass. Dr. Wace continues, that is not his difference from Christians. Purim! Are there then any Christians who say that they know nothing about the unseen world and the future? I was ignorant of the fact, but I am ready to accept it on the authority of a professional theologian, and I proceed to Dr. Sur La Technique! Wace's next proposition. #9;The real state of the purim, case, then, is subject to thesis that the agnostic does not believe the authority on which these things are stated, which authority is Jesus Christ.
He is simply an old-fashioned infidel who is afraid to own to about his right name. As Presbyter is connectors essay priest writ large, so is essay agnostic the mere Greek equivalent for the Latin infidel. There is an attractive simplicity about this solution of the problem; and it has that advantage of being somewhat offensive to the  persons attacked, which is so dear to the less refined sort of controversialist. The agnostic says, I cannot find good evidence that so and so is essay teaching a stone true. Ah, says his adversary, seizing his opportunity, then you declare that Jesus Christ was untruthful, for he said so and so; a very telling method of rousing prejudice. But suppose that the essay about, value of the evidence as to what Jesus may have said and done, and as to the exact nature and scope of his authority, is just that which the agnostic finds it most difficult to determine. If I venture to doubt that the Duke of Wellington gave the command Up, Guards, and at 'em! at Waterloo, I do not think that even Dr. Wace would accuse me of disbelieving the Duke. Yet it would be just as reasonable to do this as to essay accuse any one of denying what Jesus said, before the preliminary question as to what he did say is about purim settled.
#9;Now, the question as to what Jesus really said and did is strictly a scientific problem, which is capable of solution by no other methods than those practised by the historian and to thesis the literary critic. It is a problem of immense difficulty, which has occupied some of the best heads in Europe for the last century; and it is only of late years that their investigations have begun to converge towards one conclusion. 3. #9; That kind of faith which Dr. Wace describes and lauds is of no use here. Indeed, he himself takes pains to destroy its evidential value. #9;What made the Mahommedan world?
Trust and faith in the declarations and purim assurances of writing contest Mahommed. And what made the Christian world? Trust and faith in the declarations and assurances of Jesus Christ and His Apostles ( l.c. p. 253). Essay About Purim! The triumphant tone of this imaginary catechism leads me to logical essay suspect that its author has hardly appreciated its full import. Presumably, Dr. Essay! Wace regards Mahommed as an unbeliever, or, to use the term which he prefers, infidel; and considers that his assurances have given rise to a vast delusion which has led, and is leading, millions of men straight to logical essay everlasting punishment. And this being so, the Trust and faith which have made the Mahommedan world, in just the same sense as they have  made the Christian world, must be trust and faith in falsehood. No man who has studied history, or even attended to the occurrences of everyday life, can doubt the enormous practical value of trust and faith; but as little will he be inclined to deny that this practical value has not the least relation to essay about the reality of the subject to thesis, objects of that trust and faith.
In examples of patient constancy of faith and of unswerving trust, the Acta Martyrum do not excel the purim, annals of Babism. 4. #9;The discussion upon which we have now entered goes so thoroughly to the root of the whole matter; the question of the day is contest so completely, as the author of Robert Elsmere says, the value of testimony, that I shall offer no apology for following it out essay about, somewhat in detail; and, by way of giving substance to the argument, I shall base what I have to say upon a case, the consideration of which lies strictly within the province of natural science, and my teacher my hero writing of that particular part of it known as the physiology and pathology of the nervous system. #9;I find, in the second Gospel (chap. Essay! v.), a statement, to all appearance intended to have the my teacher essay writing, same evidential value as any other contained in  that history. Purim! It is the my teacher my hero essay writing contest, well-known story of the devils who were cast out of a man, and ordered, or permitted, to essay about purim enter into a herd of swine, to the great loss and damage of the innocent Gerasene, or Gadarene, pig owners. There can be no doubt that the narrator intends to convey to his readers his own conviction that this casting out and purdue headings entering in were effected by the agency of Jesus of Nazareth; that, by speech and action, Jesus enforced this conviction; nor does any inkling of the essay about, legal and moral difficulties of the case manifest itself. #9;On the other hand, everything that I know of physiological and pathological science leads me to entertain a very strong conviction that the phenomena ascribed to possession are as purely natural as those which constitute small-pox; everything that I know of anthropology leads me to think that the connectors essay, belief in demons and demoniacal possession is a mere survival of a once universal superstition, and that its persistence, at the present time, is pretty much in the inverse ratio of the general instruction, intelligence, and sound judgment of the population among whom it prevails. Everything that I know of law and justice convinces me that the about purim, wanton destruction of other people's property is a misdemeanour of evil example. Again, the study of subject history, and especially of that of the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries, leaves no shadow of doubt  on my mind that the belief in the reality of about purim possession and owl apa of witchcraft, justly based, alike by about Catholics and Protestants, upon this and innumerable other passages in both the Old and New Testaments, gave rise, through the special influence of Christian ecclesiastics, to the most horrible persecutions and judicial murders of thousands upon thousands of innocent men, women, and children.
And when I reflect that the record of a plain and to talk simple declaration upon such an occasion as this, that the belief in about purim witchcraft and headings possession is wicked nonsense, would have rendered the long agony of mediæval humanity impossible, I am prompted to essay reject, as dishonouring, the supposition that such declaration was withheld out of condescension to popular error. #9;Come forth, thou unclean spirit, out of the dissertation philosophique technique, man (Mark v. 8), 5 are the words attributed to Jesus. If I declare, as I have no hesitation in doing, that I utterly disbelieve in the existence of unclean spirits, and, consequently, in the possibility of their coming forth out of a man, I suppose that Dr. Purim! Wace will tell me I am disregarding the testimony of our Lord. For, if these words were really used, the most resourceful of reconcilers can hardly venture to affirm that they are compatible with a disbelief in these things.
As the learned and  fair-minded, as well as orthodox, Dr. Alexander remarks, in an editorial note to the article Demoniacs, in the Biblical Cyclopædia (vol. i. p. 664, note):#150; #9;. . My Teacher Essay Writing! .On the lowest grounds on which our Lord and His Apostles can be placed they must, at least, be regarded as honest men. Now, though honest speech does not require that words should be used always and only in essay about their etymological sense, it does require that they should not be used so as to affirm what the speaker knows to be false. Whilst, therefore, our Lord and His Apostles might use the word [to be possessed by a demon], or the technique, phrase, [to have a demon], as a popular description of certain diseases, without giving in to the belief which lay at the source of such a mode of expression, they could not speak of demons entering into a man, or being cast out of him, without pledging themselves to the belief of an actual possession of the man by the demons. (Campbell, Prel. Diss. vi. 1, 10). If, consequently, these did not hold this belief, they spoke not as honest men. #9;The story which we are considering does not rest on the authority of the second Gospel alone.
The third confirms the second, especially in the matter of commanding the unclean spirit to come out of the about, man (Luke viii. Philosophique Sur La Technique! 29); and, although the first Gospel either gives a different version of the same story, or tells another of like kind, the essential point remains: If thou cast us out, send us away into the herd of essay purim swine. And He said unto them: Go! (Matt. Of The Flies Evil! viii. 31, 32). #9;If the concurrent testimony of the three synoptics, then, is really sufficient to do away with all rational doubt as to about purim a matter of fact of the utmost practical and speculative importance#150; belief or disbelief in which may affect, and has affected, men's lives and their conduct towards other men, in my teacher the most serious way#150;then I am bound to believe that Jesus implicitly affirmed himself to about purim possess a knowledge of the unseen world, which afforded full confirmation of the subject to thesis, belief in demons and possession current among his contemporaries. If the story is true, the mediæval theory of the invisible world may be and probably is, quite correct; and the witchfinders, from Sprenger to Hopkins and Mather, are much-maligned men. #9;On the other hand, humanity, noting the frightful consequences of about this belief; common sense, observing the purdue headings, futility of the evidence on which it is essay purim based, in all cases that have been properly investigated; science, more and more seeing its way to inclose all the phenomena of so-called possession within the my teacher my hero writing, domain of pathology, so far as they are not to essay purim be relegated to that of the police#150;all these powerful influences concur in warning us, at our peril, against accepting the belief without the most careful scrutiny of the authority on which it rests. #9;I can discern no escape from this dilemma: either Jesus said what he is subject reported to have said, or he did not.
In the former case, it is about inevitable that his authority on matters connected with the unseen world should be roughly shaken; in logical connectors the latter, the blow falls upon the  authority of the purim, synoptic Gospels. If their report on a matter of such stupendous and far-reaching practical import as this is untrustworthy, how can we be sure of its trustworthiness in other cases? The favourite earth, in which the hard-pressed reconciler takes refuge, that the Bible does not profess to teach science, 6 is lord of the flies stopped in this instance. For the question of the existence of demons and of possession by them, though it lies strictly within the purim, province of science, is essay teaching a stone also of the deepest moral and religious significance. If physical and purim mental disorders are caused by demons, Gregory of Tours and his contemporaries rightly considered that relics and exorcists were more useful than doctors; the gravest questions arise as to the legal and moral responsibilities of logical essay persons inspired by demoniacal impulses; and our whole conception of the universe and of our  relations to it becomes totally different from essay purim, what it would be on the contrary hypothesis. #9;The theory of life of an average mediæval Christian was as different from that of an average nineteenth-century Englishman as that of a West African negro is essay a stone now, in these respects. The modern world is slowly, but surely, shaking off these and other monstrous survivals of savage delusions; and, whatever happens, it will not return to that wallowing in the mire.
Until the contrary is proved, I venture to doubt whether, at this present moment, any Protestant theologian, who has a reputation to lose, will say that he believes the Gadarene story. #9;The choice then lies between discrediting those who compiled the Gospel biographies and essay purim disbelieving the Master, whom they, simple souls, thought to honour by preserving such traditions of the exercise of essay teaching a stone to talk his authority over Satan's invisible world. This is the dilemma. No deep scholarship, nothing but a knowledge of the revised version (on which it is to be supposed all that mere scholarship can do has been done), with the application thereto of the commonest canons of common sense, is needful to enable us to make a choice between its alternatives. It is hardly doubtful that the story, as told in the first Gospel, is merely a version of that told in the second and third. Essay! Nevertheless, the discrepancies are serious and irreconcilable; and, on this ground  alone, a suspension of judgment, at the least, is called for. Lord Flies Evil! But there is a great deal more to be said. From the dawn of scientific biblical criticism until the essay, present day, the evidence against the long-cherished notion that the three synoptic Gospels are the works of three independent authors, each prompted by Divine inspiration, has steadily accumulated, until, at the present time, there is no visible escape from the logical, conclusion that each of the three is a compilation consisting of a groundwork common to all three#150;the threefold tradition; and of a superstructure, consisting, firstly, of matter common to it with one of the others, and, secondly, of matter special to each. The use of the terms groundwork and superstructure by no means implies that the latter must be of later date than the former.
On the contrary, some parts of it may be, and essay probably are, older than some parts of the groundwork. 7. #9;The story of the Gadarene swine belongs to the groundwork; at least, the purdue headings, essential part of it, in which the essay, belief in demoniac possession is expressed, does; and therefore the compilers of the first, second, and logical essay third Gospels, whoever they  were, certainly accepted that belief (which, indeed, was universal among both Jews and pagans at essay about, that time), and attributed it to Jesus. #9;What, then, do we know about the originator, or originators, of subject this groundwork#150;of that threefold tradition which all three witnesses (in Paley's phrase) agree upon#150;that we should allow their mere statements to outweigh the about, counter arguments of my teacher my hero essay humanity, of common sense, of exact science, and to imperil the respect which all would be glad to be able to about purim render to their Master? #9;Absolutely nothing. 8 There is no proof, nothing more than a fair presumption, that any one of the Gospels existed, in the state in lord of the flies essays evil which we find it in the authorised version of the Bible, before the second century, or, in other words, sixty or seventy years after the events recorded. Essay! And, between that time and owl apa headings the date of the oldest extant manuscripts of the Gospels, there is no telling what additions and alterations and interpolations may have been made. It may be said that this is all mere speculation, but it is a good deal more.
As competent scholars and honest men, our revisers have felt compelled to point out essay, that such things have happened even  since the date of the oldest known manuscripts. The oldest two copies of the second Gospel end with the 8th verse of the 16th chapter; the of the, remaining twelve verses are spurious, and it is essay purim noteworthy that the maker of the addition has not hesitated to introduce a speech in which Jesus promises his disciples that in My name shall they cast out devils. #9;The other passage rejected to the margin is still more instructive. It is lord flies that touching apologue, with its profound ethical sense, of the woman taken in adultery#150;which, if internal evidence were an infallible guide, might well be affirmed to be a typical example of the teachings of Jesus. Yet, say the revisers, pitilessly, Most of the ancient authorities emit John vii. 53-viii. 11. Now let any reasonable man ask himself this question.
If, after an approximate settlement of the canon of the New Testament, and even later than the fourth and fifth centuries, literary fabricators had the skill and the audacity to make such additions and interpolations as these, what may they have done when no one had thought of a canon; when oral tradition, still unfixed, was regarded as more valuable than such written records as may have existed in the latter portion of the first century? Or, to take the essay, other alternative, if those who gradually settled the canon did not know of the existence of the of the flies evil, oldest codices which have come down to us; or if,  knowing them, they rejected their authority, what is to be thought of their competency as critics of the text? #9;People who object to free criticism of the Christian Scriptures forget that they are what they are in essay about purim virtue of very free criticism; unless the advocates of inspiration are prepared to my teacher my hero contest affirm that the majority of influential ecclesiastics during several centuries were safeguarded against error. For, even granting that some books of the essay about purim, period were inspired, they were certainly few amongst many; and those who selected the canonical books, unless they themselves were also inspired, must be regarded in the light of mere critics, and, from the evidence they have left of their intellectual habits, very uncritical critics. When one thinks that such delicate questions as those involved fell into the hands of men like Papias (who believed in the famous millenarian grape story); of Irenæus with his reasons for the existence of only four Gospels; and of such calm and dispassionate judges as Tertullian, with his Credo quia impossibile : the lord flies essays, marvel is that the selection which constitutes our New Testament is as free as it is from obviously objectionable matter. The apocryphal Gospels certainly deserve to be apocryphal; but one may suspect that a little more critical discrimination would have enlarged the Apocrypha not inconsiderably, #9;At this point a very obvious objection arises  and deserves full and candid consideration. It may be said that critical scepticism carried to the length suggested is historical pyrrhonism; that if we are altogether to discredit an ancient or a modern historian, because he has assumed fabulous matter to be true, it will be as well to purim give up paying any attention to history. It may be said, and with great justice, that Eginhard's Life of Charlemagne is none the to talk, less trustworthy because of the astounding revelation of credulity, of lack of judgment, and about purim even of purdue owl apa headings respect for the eighth commandment, which he has unconsciously made in the History of the Translation of the Blessed Martyrs Marcellinus and Paul.
Or, to go no further back than the last number of the Nineteenth Century, surely that excellent lady, Miss Strickland, is not to be refused all credence, because of the myth about the second James's remains, which she seems to about have unconsciously invented. #9;Of course this is perfectly true. Lord Of The Flies Essays Evil! I am afraid there is no man alive whose witness could be accepted, if the condition precedent were proof that he had never invented and essay purim promulgated a myth. In the minds of all of us there are little places here and there, like the indistinguishable spots on a rock which give foothold to moss or stonecrop; on which, if the philosophique, germ of a myth fall, it is purim certain to grow, without in the least degree affecting our accuracy or truthfulness elsewhere. Sir Walter Scott knew that he could not repeat a  story without, as he said, giving it a new hat and subject to thesis stick.
Most of us differ from Sir Walter only in not knowing about this tendency of the about, mythop#156;ic faculty to break out unnoticed. But it is also perfectly true that the mythop#156;ic faculty is not equally active in all minds, nor in all regions and under all conditions of the same mind. David Hume was certainly not so liable to temptation as the Venerable Bede, or even as some recent historians who could be mentioned; and the most imaginative of debtors, if he owes five pounds, never makes an obligation to pay a hundred out of it. The rule of common sense is to thesis prima facie to trust a witness in all matters, in which neither his self-interest, his passions, his prejudices, nor that love of the marvellous, which is inherent to a greater or less degree in purim all mankind, are strongly concerned; and, when they are involved, to require corroborative evidence in exact proportion to the contravention of probability by the thing testified. #9;Now, in essay the Gadarene affair, I do not think I am unreasonably sceptical, if I say that the existence of demons who can be transferred from a man to a pig, does thus contravene probability. Let me be perfectly candid. I admit I have no a priori objection to offer.
There are physical things, such as tæniæ and trichinæ, which can be transferred from men to pigs, and vice versa, and which do undoubtedly produce most diabolical  and deadly effects on both. For anything I can absolutely prove to the contrary, there may be spiritual things capable of the same transmigration, with like effects. Moreover I am bound to add that perfectly truthful persons, for whom I have the greatest respect, believe in stories about spirits of the present day, quite as improbable as that we are considering. #9;So I declare, as plainly as I can, that I am unable to show cause why these transferable devils should not exist; nor can I deny that, not merely the whole Roman Church, but many Wacean infidels of no mean repute, do honestly and essay about purim firmly believe that the activity of purdue such like demonic beings is in full swing in this year of grace 1889. #9;Nevertheless, as good Bishop Butler says, probability is the guide of life; and essay it seems to me that this is just one of the cases in subject to thesis which the canon of credibility and testimony, which I have ventured to lay down, has full force.
So that, with the essay about, most entire respect for purdue headings, many (by no means for all) of our witnesses for the truth of demonology, ancient and about modern, I conceive their evidence on this particular matter to teaching a stone to talk be ridiculously insufficient to warrant their conclusion. 9. #9; After what has been said, I do not think that any sensible man, unless he happen to be angry, will accuse me of contradicting the Lord and essay about His Apostles if I reiterate my total disbelief in essay the whole Gadarene story. But, if that story is discredited, all the other stories of demoniac possession fall under suspicion. And if the belief in demons and demoniac possession, which forms the about purim, sombre background of the whole picture of primitive Christianity, presented to us in the New Testament, is shaken, what is to a stone be said, in any case, of the uncorroborated testimony of the Gospels with respect to the unseen world? #9;I am not aware that I have been influenced by any more bias in regard to the Gadarene story than I have been in dealing with other cases of like kind the investigation of which has interested me. I was brought up in essay the strictest school of evangelical orthodoxy; and when I was old enough to dissertation sur la technique think for myself, I started upon my journey of inquiry with little doubt about the general truth of what I had been taught; and with that feeling  of the unpleasantness of being called an infidel which, we are told, is so right and proper. Near my journey's end, I find myself in a condition of something more than mere doubt about these matters.
#9;In the course of other inquiries, I have had to do with fossil remains which looked quite plain at a distance, and essay about purim became more and subject more indistinct as I tried to define their outline by close inspection. There was something there#150;something which, if I could win assurance about it, might mark a new epoch in the history of the earth; but, study as long as I might, certainty eluded my grasp. So has it been with me in my efforts to essay define the grand figure of Jesus as it lies in the primary strata of Christian literature. Is he the kindly, peaceful Christ depicted in the Catacombs? Or is he the stern Judge who frowns above the altar of subject to thesis SS. Cosmas and Damianus?
Or can he be rightly represented by about the bleeding ascetic, broken down by physical pain, of too many mediæval pictures? Are we to accept the Jesus of the second, or the Jesus of the fourth Gospel, as the true Jesus? What did he really say and do; and how much that is attributed to him, in speech and action, is the embroidery of the various parties into owl apa, which his followers tended to split themselves within twenty years of his death, when even the threefold tradition was only nascent? #9; If any one will answer these questions for me with something more to the point than feeble talk about the about purim, cowardice of agnosticism, I shall be deeply his debtor. Unless and my teacher until they are satisfactorily answered, I say of essay purim agnosticism in this matter, J'y suis, et j'y reste. #9;But, as we have seen, it is asserted that I have no business to call myself an agnostic; that, if I am not a Christian I am an infidel; and that I ought to call myself by that name of unpleasant significance. Well, I do not care much what I am called by other people, and if I had at my teacher essay, my side all those who, since the Christian era, have been called infidels by other folks, I could not desire better company. If these are my ancestors, I prefer, with the old Frank, to be with them wherever they are.
But there are several points in Dr. Wace's contention which must be elucidated before I can even think of essay undertaking to carry out his wishes. I must, for instance, know what a Christian is. Now what is a Christian? By whose authority is the signification of that term defined? Is there any doubt that the immediate followers of Jesus, the sect of the Nazarenes, were strictly orthodox Jews differing from other Jews not more than the to thesis, Sadducees, the Pharisees, and the Essenes differed from one another; in fact, only in the belief that the Messiah, for about, whom the rest of their nation waited, had come? Was not their chief, James, the brother of the Lord,  reverenced alike by Sadducee, Pharisee, and lord Nazarene?
At the famous conference which, according to the Acts, took place at Jerusalem, does not James declare that myriads of Jews, who, by that time, had become Nazarenes, were all zealous for the Law? Was not the name of Christian first used to denote the converts to the doctrine promulgated by Paul and Barnabas at Antioch? Does the essay about, subsequent history of Christianity leave any doubt that, from this time forth, the little rift within the lute caused by the new teaching, developed, if not inaugurated, at Antioch, grew wider and essay teaching a stone to talk wider, until the two types of doctrine irreconcilably diverged? Did not the primitive Nazarenism, or Ebionism, develop into the Nazarenism, and essay about purim Ebionism, and Elkasaitism of essay to talk later ages, and finally die out in obscurity and condemnation, as damnable heresy; while the younger doctrine throve and pushed out its shoots into that endless variety of sects, of which the three strongest survivors are the Roman and Greek Churches and modern Protestantism? #9;Singular state of essay things! If I were to profess the doctrine which was held by my hero writing James, the brother of the Lord, and by every one of the myriads of his followers and co-religionists in Jerusalem up to twenty or thirty years after the Crucifixion (and one knows not how much later at Pella), I should be condemned, with unanimity, as an ebionising heretic by purim the Roman, Greek, and  Protestant Churches! And, probably, this hearty and lord essays evil unanimous condemnation of the creed, held by those who were in the closest personal relation with their Lord, is almost the only point upon which they would be cordially of one mind. On the other hand, though I hardly dare imagine such a thing, I very much fear that the pillars of the primitive Hierosolymitan Church would have considered Dr. Wace an infidel.
No one can read the famous second chapter of essay Galatians and the book of Revelation without seeing how narrow was even Paul's escape from a similar fate. And, if ecclesiastical history is to be trusted, the thirty-nine articles, be they right or wrong, diverge from the primitive doctrine of the Nazarenes vastly more than even Pauline Christianity did. #9;But, further than this, I have great difficulty in assuring myself that even James, the brother of the Lord, and his myriads of connectors Nazarenes, properly represented the doctrines of their Master. For it is about constantly asserted by our modern pillars that one of the chief features of the work of logical Jesus was the instauration of essay Religion by the abolition of what our sticklers for my teacher writing, articles and liturgies, with unconscious humour, call the narrow restrictions of the Law. Yet, if James knew this, how could the bitter controversy with Paul have arisen; and essay why did not one or the other side quote any of the various sayings of  Jesus, recorded in the Gospels, which directly bear on purdue owl apa headings, the question#150;sometimes, apparently, in essay opposite directions? #9;So, if I am asked to subject to thesis call myself an infidel, I reply: To what doctrine do you ask me to be faithful? Is it that contained in the Nicene and the Athanasian Creeds? My firm belief is that the Nazarenes, say of the year 40, headed by James, would have stopped their ears and thought worthy of stoning the audacious man who propounded it to them. Is it contained in the so-called Apostles' Creed? I am pretty sure that even that would have created a recalcitrant commotion at Pella in the year 70, among the Nazarenes of Jerusalem, who had fled from the essay, soldiers of Titus. And yet, if the unadulterated tradition of the teachings of the Nazarene were to be found anywhere, it surely should have been amidst those not very aged disciples who may have heard them as they were delivered.
#9;Therefore, however sorry I may be to be unable to demonstrate that, if necessary, I should not be afraid to call myself an infidel, I cannot do it. Infidel is a term of reproach, which Christians and a stone Mahommedans, in their modesty, agree to apply to those who differ from them. If he had only thought of it, Dr. Wace might have used the term miscreant, which, with the same etymological signification, has the advantage of being still more unpleasant to the persons to whom  it is purim applied. But why should a man be expected to call himself a miscreant or an infidel? That St. Patrick had two birthdays because he was a twin is a reasonable and dissertation sur la technique intelligible utterance beside that of the man who should declare himself to be an infidel, on the ground of denying his own belief.
It may be logically, if not ethically, defensible that a Christian should call a Mahommedan an infidel and vice versa; but, on Dr. About Purim! Wace's principles, both ought to call themselves infidels, because each applies the term to the other. #9;Now I am afraid that all the Mahommedan world would agree in my teacher my hero contest reciprocating that appellation to Dr. Wace himself. I once visited the Hazar Mosque, the great University of about purim Mahommedanism, in Cairo, in ignorance of the fact that I was unprovided with proper authority.
A swarm of my teacher my hero essay angry undergraduates, as I suppose I ought to call them, came buzzing about me and my guide; and if I had known Arabic, I suspect that dog of an infidel would have been by no means the essay purim, most unpleasant of the epithets showered upon of the essays evil, me, before I could explain and apologise for the mistake. If I had had the pleasure of Dr. Wace's company on that occasion, the undiscriminative followers of the Prophet would, I am afraid, have made no difference between us; not even if they had known that he was the head of an orthodox Christian seminary. And I have not the smallest  doubt that even one of the learned mollahs, if his grave courtesy would have permitted him to essay about say anything offensive to men of another mode of belief, would have told us that he wondered we did not find it very unpleasant to disbelieve in my hero contest the Prophet of Islam. #9;From what precedes, I think it becomes sufficiently clear that Dr. Wace's account of the origin of the essay, name of Agnostic is quite wrong. Indeed, I am bound to add that very slight effort to discover the truth would have convinced him that, as a matter of to thesis fact, the term arose otherwise.
I am loath to go over an old story once more; but more than one object which I have in view will be served by telling it a little more fully than it has yet been told. #9;Looking back nearly fifty years, I see myself as a boy, whose education has been interrupted, and who, intellectually, was left, for some years, altogether to his own devices. At that time, I was a voracious and omnivorous reader; a dreamer and speculator of the first water, well endowed with that splendid courage in attacking any and every subject, which is the blessed compensation of youth and inexperience. Among the books and essays, on all sorts of topics from metaphysics to heraldry, which I read at this time, two left indelible impressions on my mind. One was Guizot's History of Civilisation, the other was Sir William Hamilton's essay On the Philosophy of essay  the Unconditioned, which I came upon, by chance, in an odd volume of the Edinburgh Review.
The latter was certainly strange reading for purdue owl apa headings, a boy, and I could not possibly have understood a great deal of it; 10 nevertheless, I devoured it with avidity, and it stamped upon my mind the strong conviction that, on even the most solemn and important of questions, men are apt to take cunning phrases for answers; and that the limitation of our faculties, in a great number of cases, renders real answers to such questions, not merely actually impossible, but theoretically inconceivable. #9;Philosophy and history having laid hold of me in this eccentric fashion, have never loosened their grip. I have no pretension to essay about be an expert. in either subject; but the turn for philosophical and my teacher my hero essay writing contest historical reading, which rendered Hamilton and Guizot attractive to me, has not only filled many lawful leisure hours, and still more sleepless ones, with the essay, repose of purdue owl apa headings changed mental occupation, but has not unfrequently disputed my proper work-time with my liege lady, Natural Science. In this way I have found it possible to cover a good deal of ground in the territory of philosophy; and all the more easily that I have never cared much about A's  or B's opinion's, but have rather sought to know what answer he had to give to the questions I had to put to him#150;that of the limitation of possible knowledge being the chief. The ordinary examiner, with his State the views of So-and-so, would have floored me at about, any time. If he had said what do you think about subject to thesis any given problem, I might have got on fairly well. #9;The reader who has had the patience to follow the enforced, but unwilling, egotism of this veritable history (especially if his studies have led him in the same direction), will now see why my mind steadily gravitated towards the conclusions of essay purim Hume and Kant, so well stated by the latter in a sentence, which I have quoted elsewhere. #9;The greatest and perhaps the sole use of all philosophy of dissertation philosophique pure reason is, after all, merely negative, since it serves not as an organon for the enlargement [of knowledge], but as a discipline for its delimitation; and, instead of discovering truth, has only the modest merit of preventing error.
11. #9;When I reached intellectual maturity and essay purim began to ask myself whether I was an atheist, a theist, or a pantheist; a materialist or an idealist; Christian or a freethinker; I found that the more I learned and essay writing contest reflected, the less ready was the essay about, answer; until, at last, I came to my teacher my hero writing the conclusion that I had neither art nor part with any of these denominations, except the last. The one thing in which most of these good people were agreed was the one thing in which I differed from essay about, them. Teaching To Talk! They were quite sure they had attained a certain gnosis,#150;had, more or less successfully, solved the problem of existence; while I was quite sure I had not, and had a pretty strong conviction that the essay purim, problem was insoluble. My Teacher My Hero! And, with Hume and Kant on my side, I could not think myself presumptuous in holding fast by that opinion. About! Like Dante, Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita. Mi ritrovai per una selva oscura, but, unlike Dante, I cannot add,
Che la diritta via era smarrita. On the contrary, I had, and have, the firmest conviction that I never left the verace via#150;the straight road; and that this road led nowhere else but into the dark depths of a wild and tangled forest. And though I have found leopards and lions in the path; though I have made abundant acquaintance with the headings, hungry wolf, that with privy paw devours apace and nothing said, as another great poet says of the ravening beast; and though no friendly spectre has even yet offered his guidance, I was, and am, minded to go straight on, until I either come out on the other side of the essay about,  wood, or find there is no other side to it, at least, none attainable by me. #9;This was my situation when I had the good fortune to find a place among the members of that remarkable confraternity of antagonists, long since deceased, but of green and pious memory, the Metaphysical Society. Every variety of philosophical and theological opinion was represented there, and essay teaching to talk expressed itself with entire openness; most of my colleagues were -ists of one sort or another; and, however kind and friendly they might be, I, the man without a rag of a label to cover himself with, could not fail to have some of the uneasy feelings which must have beset the historical fox when, after leaving the essay purim, trap in which his tail remained, he presented himself to his normally elongated companions. So I took thought, and invented what I conceived to be the appropriate title of agnostic.
It came into my head as suggestively antithetic to the gnostic of Church history, who professed to know so much about the very things of which I was ignorant; and I took the earliest opportunity of parading it at our Society, to show that I, too, had a tail, like the other foxes. To my great satisfaction, the term took; and when the Spectator had stood godfather to it, any suspicion in teaching a stone to talk the minds of respectable people, that a knowledge of its parentage might have awakened was, of course, completely lulled. #9;That is the history of the essay, origin of the terms  agnostic and agnosticism; and lord of the flies evil it will be observed that it does not quite agree with the confident assertion of the reverend Principal of King's College, that the purim, adoption of the term agnostic is only an to thesis, attempt to shift the issue, and that it involves a mere evasion in relation to the Church and Christianity. 12. #9;The last objection (I rejoice as much as my readers must do, that it is the purim, last) which I have to take to Dr. Wace's deliverance before the Church Congress arises, I am sorry to say, on a question of morality. #9;It is, and it ought to logical connectors essay be, authoritatively declares this official representative of Christian ethics, an unpleasant thing for a man to have to say plainly that he does not believe in essay about Jesus Christ ( l.c. p. 254). #9;Whether it is so depends, I imagine, a good deal on whether the essay teaching to talk, man was brought up in a Christian household or not.
I do not see why it should be unpleasant for a Mahommedan or Buddhist to say so. But that it ought to be unpleasant for about, any man to say anything which he sincerely, and philosophique sur la technique after due deliberation, believes, is, to my mind, a proposition of the most profoundly immoral character. I verily believe that the great good which has been effected in essay the world by Christianity has been largely counteracted by the pestilent  doctrine on a stone, which all the Churches have insisted, that honest disbelief in their more or less astonishing creeds is a moral offence, indeed a sin of the deepest dye, deserving and involving the same future retribution as murder and about purim robbery. If we could only see, in one view, the torrents of hypocrisy and cruelty, the to thesis, lies, the slaughter, the violations of essay purim every obligation of humanity, which have flowed from this source along the course of the history of Christian nations, our worst imaginations of owl apa Hell would pale beside the vision. #9;A thousand times, no!
It ought not to be unpleasant to say that which one honestly believes or disbelieves. About! That it so constantly is painful to my hero contest do so, is about quite enough obstacle to the progress of mankind in that most valuable of writing all qualities, honesty of word or of deed, without erecting a sad concomitant of about purim human weakness into something to be admired and cherished. The bravest of soldiers often, and very naturally, feel it unpleasant to to thesis go into essay about, action; but a court-martial which did its duty would make short work of the officer who promulgated the doctrine that his men ought to feel their duty unpleasant. #9;I am very well aware, as I suppose most thoughtful people are in these times, that the process of of the essays breaking away from essay purim, old beliefs is extremely unpleasant; and I am much disposed to think that the encouragement, the consolation, and the peace afforded to earnest believers in lord flies essays even the  worst forms of Christianity are of great practical advantage to them. What deductions must be made from this gain on the score of the harm done to the citizen by the ascetic other-worldliness of logical Christianity; to the ruler, by about purim the hatred, malice, and all uncharitableness of philosophique sur la sectarian bigotry; to the legislator, by the spirit of exclusiveness and domination of essay about purim those that count themselves pillars of orthodoxy; to the philosopher, by the restraints on the freedom of learning and teaching which every Church exercises, when it is strong enough; to the conscientious soul, by the introspective hunting after sins of the owl apa, mint and cummin type, the fear of theological error, and the overpowering terror of possible damnation, which have accompanied the Churches like their shadow, I need not now consider; but they are assuredly not small. If agnostics lose heavily on the one side, they gain a good deal on the other. People who talk about the comforts of belief appear to forget its discomforts; they ignore the fact that the Christianity of the Churches is something more than faith in the ideal personality of Jesus, which they create for themselves, plus so much as can be carried into practice, without disorganising civil society, of the maxims of the Sermon on the Mount. Trip in morals or in doctrine (especially in doctrine), without due repentance or retractation, or fail to get properly baptized before you die, and a plébiscite of the Christians of Europe, if they  were true to their creeds, would affirm your everlasting damnation by an immense majority. #9;Preachers, orthodox and essay heterodox, din into our ears that the world cannot get on without faith of some sort. There is a sense in which that is to thesis as eminently as obviously true; there is another, in which, in my judgment, it is purim as eminently as obviously false, and it seems to my hero writing contest me that the hortatory, or pulpit, mind is about apt to oscillate between the false and the true meanings, without being aware of the fact.
#9;It is logical quite true that the ground of every one of about purim our actions, and the validity of all our reasonings, rest upon the great act of faith, which leads us to take the experience of the past as a safe guide in our dealings with the present and the future. From the nature of ratiocination, it is obvious that the axioms, on which it is based, cannot be demonstrated by ratiocination. Connectors Essay! It is also a trite observation that, in the business of life, we constantly take the essay, most serious action upon evidence of an utterly insufficient character. But it is surely plain that faith is logical not necessarily entitled to dispense with ratiocination because ratiocination cannot dispense with faith as a starting-point; and that because we are often obliged, by the pressure of events, to act on essay about, very bad evidence, it does not follow that it is essay teaching a stone to talk proper to act on such evidence when the pressure is absent. #9;The writer of the epistle to the Hebrews tells  us that faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the proving of things not seen. About! In the authorised version, substance stands for assurance, and evidence for a stone, proving. The question of the exact meaning of the two words, [substance] and [examination], affords a fine field of discussion for the scholar and the metaphysician. But I fancy we shall be not far from the mark if we take the writer to purim have had in his mind the profound psychological truth, that men constantly feel certain about things for which they strongly hope, but have no evidence, in the legal or logical sense of the dissertation sur la technique, word; and purim he calls this feeling faith. I may have the most absolute faith that a friend has not committed the crime of which he is accused.
In the early days of English history, if my friend could have obtained a few more compurgators of a like robust faith, he would have been acquitted. At the present day, if I tendered myself as a witness on that score, the judge would tell me to stand down, and the youngest barrister would smile at my simplicity. Miserable indeed is the man who has not such faith in logical connectors essay some of essay about purim his fellow-men#150;only less miserable than the man who allows himself to of the forget that such faith is not, strictly speaking, evidence; and when his faith is about purim disappointed, as will happen now and again, turns Timon and blames the universe for his own blunders. And so, if a man can find a friend, the hypostasis of all his hopes, the subject, mirror of his  ethical ideal, in the Jesus of any, or all, of the Gospels, let him live by faith in about that ideal. My Teacher! Who shall or can forbid him? But let him not delude himself with the notion that his faith is essay purim evidence of the objective reality of writing that in which he trusts. Such evidence is to about be obtained only by the use of the methods of dissertation sur la science, as applied to history and to literature, and it amounts at present to about very little. #9;It appears that Mr. Gladstone some time ago asked Mr.
Laing if he could draw up a short summary of the negative creed; a body of negative propositions, which have so far been adopted on the negative side as to be what the Apostles' and other accepted creeds are on the positive; and Mr. Laing at once kindly obliged Mr. Gladstone with the desired articles#150;eight of teaching a stone to talk them. #9;If any one had preferred this request to me, I should have replied that, if he referred to agnostics, they have no creed; and, by the nature of the case, cannot have any. Agnosticism, in fact, is not a creed, but a method, the essence of which lies in the rigorous application of a single principle.
That principle is of great antiquity; it is as old as Socrates; as old as the writer who said, Try all things, hold fast by that which is good it is the foundation of the about purim, Reformation, which simply illustrated the my hero essay contest, axiom that every man should be able  to give a reason for the faith that is in him; it is the essay purim, great principle of Descartes; it is the fundamental axiom of modern science. Positively the principle may be expressed: In matters of the intellect, follow your reason as far as it will take you, without regard to any other consideration. And negatively: In matters of the intellect do not pretend that conclusions are certain which are not demonstrated or demonstrable. That I take to be the owl apa headings, agnostic faith, which if a man keep whole and undefiled, he shall not be ashamed to look the universe in the face, whatever the future may have in store for him. #9;The results of the working out of the agnostic principle will vary according to individual knowledge and capacity, and according to the general condition of science. That which is unproven today may be proven by the help of new discoveries to-morrow. The only negative fixed points will be those negations which flow from the purim, demonstrable limitation of our faculties. And the only obligation accepted is to have the mind always open to conviction.
Agnostics who never fail in carrying out their principles are, I am afraid, as rare as other people of whom the same consistency can be truthfully predicated. But, if you were to teaching a stone to talk meet with such a ph#156;nix and to tell him that you had discovered that two and two make five, he would patiently ask you to state your reasons for that conviction, and express his readiness to  agree with you if he found them satisfactory. The apostolic injunction to about purim suffer fools gladly should be the flies evil, rule of life of a true agnostic. I am deeply conscious how far I myself fall short of this ideal, but it is my personal conception of what agnostics ought to be. #9;However, as I began by stating, I speak only for essay about, myself; and I do not dream of anathematizing and excommunicating Mr. Laing. But, when I consider his creed and compare it with the Athanasian, I think I have on logical, the whole a clearer conception of the essay about purim, meaning of the latter. Polarity, in Article VIII., for example, is a word about logical which I heard a good deal in my youth, when Naturphilosophie was in about fashion, and greatly did I suffer from it.
For many years past, whenever I have met with polarity anywhere but in a discussion of some purely physical topic, such as magnetism, I have shut the book. Mr. Essay Teaching! Laing must excuse me if the force of essay habit was too much for me when I read his eighth article. #9;And now, what is to be said to Mr. Harrison's remarkable deliverance On the logical essay, future of agnosticism? 13 I would that it were not my business to say anything, for I am afraid I can say nothing which shall manifest my great personal respect for this able writer, and for the zeal and energy with which he ever and essay purim anon galvanises the  weakly frame of owl apa headings Positivism until it looks, more than ever, like John Bunyan's Pope and Pagan rolled into about, one. There is a story often repeated, and I am afraid none the less mythical on to thesis, that account, of essay about a valiant and loud-voiced corporal in my hero essay contest command of two full privates who, falling in with a regiment of the essay, enemy in the dark, orders it to surrender under pain of instant annihilation by owl apa headings his force; and the enemy surrenders accordingly. Essay! I am always reminded of this tale when I read the positivist commands to the forces of Christianity and of Science; only the enemy show no more signs of intending to obey now than they have done any time these forty years. #9;The allocution under consideration has a certain papal flavour. Mr. Dissertation Sur La! Harrison speaks with authority and not as one of the common scribes of the period.
He knows not only what agnosticism is and how it has come about, but what will become of it. The agnostic is to content himself with being the precursor of the purim, positivist. My Teacher! In his place, as a sort of navvy levelling the purim, ground and logical cleansing it of such poor stuff as Christianity, he is a useful creature who deserves patting on the back, on condition that he does not venture beyond his last. Essay Purim! But let not these scientific Sanballats presume that they are good enough to take part in the building of the Temple#150;they are mere Samaritans, doomed to die out in lord proportion as  the Religion of Humanity is accepted by about purim mankind. Well, if that is their fate, they have time to be cheerful. But let us hear Mr.
Harrison's pronouncement of their doom. #9;Agnosticism is dissertation philosophique technique a stage in the evolution of essay about purim religion, an entirely negative stage, the point reached by physicists, a purely mental conclusion, with no relation to things social at all (p. 154). I am quite dazed by this declaration. Are there, then, any conclusions that are not purely mental? Is there no relation to my teacher my hero essay things social in mental conclusions which affect men's whole conception of life? Was that prince of agnostics, David Hume, particularly imbued with physical science? Supposing physical science to be non-existent, would not the agnostic principle, applied by the philologist and the historian, lead to exactly the essay purim, same results? Is the modern more or less complete suspension of judgment as to the facts of the history of essay regal Rome, or the real origin of the Homeric poems, anything but agnosticism in history and in essay literature? And if so, how can agnosticism be the mere negation of the physicist?
#9;Agnosticism is a stage in the evolution of religion. No two people agree as to what is meant by the term religion; but if it means, as I think it ought to mean, simply the reverence and love for the ethical ideal, and lord flies the desire to realise that ideal in essay about purim life, which every man ought  to feel#150;then I say agnosticism has no more to do with it than it has to do with music or painting. If, on the other hand, Mr. Harrison, like most people, means by religion theology, then, in my judgment, agnosticism can be said to be a stage in its evolution, only as death may be said to be the final stage in subject the evolution of life. #9;When agnostic logic is essay about purim simply one of the canons of thought, agnosticism, as a distinctive faith, will have spontaneously disappeared (p. 155). #9;I can but marvel that such sentences as this, and essay teaching those already quoted, should have proceeded from Mr.
Harrison's pen. Does he really mean to suggest that agnostics have a logic peculiar to themselves? Will he kindly help me out of my bewilderment when I try to think of logic being anything else than the canon (which, I believe, means rule) of thought? As to agnosticism being a distinctive faith, I have already shown that it cannot possibly be anything of the kind, unless perfect faith in logic is distinctive of agnostics; which, after all, it may be. #9;Agnosticism as a religious philosophy per se rests on an almost total ignoring of history and social evolution (p. 152). #9;But neither per se nor per aliud has agnosticism (if I know anything about it) the least pretension to essay about be a religious philosophy; so far from subject to thesis, resting on ignorance of history, and that social evolution  of which history is the account, it is and has been the about, inevitable result of the strict adherence to scientific methods by of the flies historical investigators. Our forefathers were quite confident about the existence of Romulus and Remus, of King Arthur, and of Hengist and Horsa. Most of us have become agnostics in regard to the reality of these worthies. Essay About! It is a matter of notoriety of to talk which Mr. Harrison, who accuses us all so freely of ignoring history, should not be ignorant, that the critical process which has shattered the foundations of orthodox Christian doctrine owes its origin, not to the devotees of physical science, but, before all, to about purim Richard Simon, the learned French Oratorian, just two hundred years ago.
I cannot find evidence that either Simon, or any one of the great scholars and critics of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries who have continued Simon's work, had any particular acquaintance with physical science. Philosophique Sur La Technique! I have already pointed out that Hume was independent of it. And certainly one of the most potent influences in the same direction, upon history in the present century, that of essay purim Grote, did not come from the connectors essay, physical side. Physical science, in fact, has had nothing directly to do with the criticism of the Gospels; it is wholly incompetent to furnish demonstrative evidence that any statement made in these histories is untrue. Indeed, modern physiology can find parallels in nature for essay about purim, events of apparently  the most eminently supernatural kind recounted in some of those histories. #9;It is a comfort to hear, upon dissertation sur la technique, Mr. Harrison's authority, that the laws of physical nature show no signs of becoming less definite, less consistent, or less popular as time goes on essay, (p. 154). How a law of nature is to become indefinite, or inconsistent, passes my poor powers of imagination.
But with universal suffrage and the coach-dog theory of premiership in full view; the theory, I mean, that the whole duty of a political chief is to look sharp for the way the social coach is driving, and then run in subject to thesis front and essay bark loud#150;as if being the leading noise-maker and guiding were the same things#150;it is truly satisfactory to me to know that the essay, laws of about nature are increasing in popularity. Flies Essays Evil! Looking at recent developments of the policy which is said to about purim express the great heart of the people, I have had my doubts of the fact; and my love for my fellow-countrymen has led me to reflect, with dread, on what will happen to them, if any of the laws of nature ever become so unpopular in logical connectors their eyes, as to be voted down by the transcendent authority of universal suffrage. If the legion of demons, before they set out on their journey in the swine, had had time to hold a meeting and to resolve unanimously That the essay about purim, law of gravitation is philosophique oppressive and ought to be repealed, I am afraid it would have made no sort of essay difference to the result, when their two  thousand unwilling porters were once launched down the steep slopes of the dissertation philosophique, fatal shore of Gennesaret. #9;The question of the essay about purim, place of religion as an element of human nature, as a force of human society, its origin, analysis, and functions, has never been considered at all from an essay contest, agnostic point of about view (p. 152). #9;I doubt not that Mr. Harrison knows vastly more about history than I do; in fact, he tells the public that some of my friends and I have had no opportunity of occupying ourselves with that subject.
I do not like to contradict any statement which Mr. Harrison makes on his own authority; only, if I may be true to my agnostic principles, I humbly ask how he has obtained assurance on this head. I do not profess to logical know anything about the range of Mr. Harrison's studies; but as he has thought it fitting to start the subject, I may venture to point out that, on essay about purim, evidence adduced, it might be equally permissible to draw the conclusion that Mr. Harrison's other labours have not allowed him to acquire that acquaintance with the methods and logical essay results of physical science, or with the history of essay philosophy, or of philological and historical criticism, which is headings essential to any one who desires to obtain a right understanding of essay agnosticism. Incompetence in philosophy, and in all branches of science except mathematics, is the well-known  mental characteristic of the founder of positivism. Faithfulness in lord of the disciples is an admirable quality in about purim itself; the pity is that it not unfrequently leads to the imitation of the weaknesses as well as of the strength of the owl apa headings, master. It is only such over-faithfulness which can account for a strong mind really saturated with the about purim, historical sense (p. 153) exhibiting the extraordinary forgetfulness of the historical fact of the existence of essay David Hume implied by about the assertion that. it would be difficult to name a single known agnostic who has given to history anything like the amount of thought and dissertation philosophique technique study which he brings to essay about a knowledge of the physical world (p.
153) #9;Whoso calls to mind what I may venture to term the bright side of Christianity#150;that ideal of manhood, with its strength and its patience, its justice and its pity for human frailty, its helpfulness to the extremity of self-sacrifice, its ethical purity and nobility, which apostles have pictured, in which armies of to thesis martyrs have placed their unshakable faith, and whence obscure men and women, like Catherine of Sienna and John Knox, have derived the courage to rebuke popes and kings#150;is not likely to underrate the importance of the Christian faith as a factor in human history, or to about purim doubt that if that faith should prove to be incompatible with our knowledge, or necessary want of knowledge, some other hypostasis of men's hopes, genuine enough and worthy enough  to replace it, will arise. Technique! But that the incongruous mixture of bad science with eviscerated papistry, out of which Comte manufactured the positivist religion, will be the about, heir of the Christian ages, I have too much respect for the humanity of the future to believe. Charles the Second told his brother, They will not kill me, James, to make you king. Subject To Thesis! And if critical science is remorselessly destroying the purim, historical foundations of the my teacher contest, noblest ideal of humanity which mankind have yet worshipped, it is essay little likely to permit the pitiful reality to climb into the vacant shrine. #9;That a man should determine to devote himself to the service of humanity#150;including intellectual and moral self-culture under that name; that this should be, in the proper sense of the word, his religion#150;is not only an intelligible, but, I think, a laudable resolution. And I am greatly disposed to believe that it is the only religion which will prove itself to be unassailably acceptable so long as the human race endures.
But when the Comtist asks me to worship Humanity#150;that is to say, to adore the generalised conception of men as they ever have been and essay probably ever will be#150;I must reply that I could just as soon bow down and worship the generalised conception of a wilderness of apes. Surely we are not going back to the days of about Paganism, when individual men were deified, and essay teaching a stone to talk the hard good sense of a dying Vespasian  could prompt the bitter jest, Ut puto Deus fio. Essay! No divinity doth hedge a modern man, be he even a sovereign ruler. Nor is there any one, except a municipal magistrate, who is purdue owl apa officially declared worshipful. But if there is about no spark of my teacher essay writing worship-worthy divinity in the individual twigs of humanity, whence comes that godlike splendour which the Moses of Positivism fondly imagines to pervade the purim, whole bush?
#9;I know no study which is so unutterably saddening as that of the evolution of humanity, as it is set forth in the annals of history. Out of the darkness of to thesis prehistoric ages man emerges with the marks of his lowly origin strong upon him. He is a brute, only more intelligent than the other brutes, a blind prey to impulses, which as often as not lead him to destruction; a victim to endless illusions, which make his mental existence a terror and a burden, and fill his physical life with barren toil and essay purim battle. He attains a certain degree of lord evil physical comfort, and develops a more or less workable theory of about life, in such favourable situations as the plains of Mesopotamia or of Egypt, and then, for thousands and purdue owl apa thousands of years, struggles, with varying fortunes, attended by infinite wickedness, bloodshed, and misery, to maintain himself at this point against essay purim, the greed and the ambition of his fellow-men. He makes a point of killing and otherwise persecuting all those who first try to get him to move on; and  when he has moved on a step, foolishly confers post-mortem deification on his victims. Essay A Stone To Talk! He exactly repeats the process with all who want to move a step yet farther. And the best men of the best epochs are simply those who make the fewest blunders and commit the fewest sins. #9;That one should rejoice in the good man, forgive the bad man, and pity and help all men to the best of one's ability, is surely indisputable. Essay Purim! It is the glory of Judaism and of Christianity to have proclaimed this truth, through all their aberrations. But the worship of a God who needs forgiveness and to talk help, and deserves pity every hour of his existence, is no better than that of any other voluntarily selected fetish.
The Emperor Julian's project was hopeful in about purim comparison with the prospects of the Comtist Anthropolatry. #9;When the historian of religion in the twentieth century is writing about the nineteenth, I foresee he will say something of this kind: #9;The most curious and instructive events in to thesis the religious history of the preceding century are the rise and essay about purim progress of two new sects called Mormons and Positivists. To the student who has carefully considered these remarkable phenomena nothing in the records of religious self-delusion can appear improbable. #9;The Mormons arose in the midst of the great  Republic, which, though comparatively insignificant, at that time, in territory as in the number of its citizens, was (as we know from the fragments of the speeches of its orators which have come down to us) no less remarkable for the native intelligence of its population than for the wide extent of their information, owing to the activity of their publishers in diffusing all that they could invent, beg, borrow, or steal. Nor were they less noted for their perfect freedom from all restraints in thought, or speech, or deed; except, to be sure, the flies evil, beneficent and wise influence of the majority, exerted, in case of need, through an institution known as tarring and feathering, the exact nature of which is now disputed.
#9;There is a complete consensus of testimony that the founder of Mormonism, one Joseph Smith, was a low-minded, ignorant scamp, and that he stole the Scriptures which he propounded; not being clever enough to forge even such contemptible stuff as they contain. Nevertheless he must have been a man of some force of essay about purim character, for a considerable number of disciples soon gathered about him. Subject! In spite of repeated outbursts of popular hatred and violence#150;during one of which persecutions Smith was brutally murdered#150;the Mormon body steadily increased, and became a flourishing community. But the Mormon practices being objectionable to essay purim the majority, they were, more than once, without any pretence of purdue owl apa law, but by force of riot, arson, and  murder, driven away from the essay about purim, land they had occupied. Harried by these persecutions, the Mormon body eventually committed itself to the tender mercies of a desert as barren as that of Sinai; and after terrible sufferings and privations, reached the Oasis of Utah. Here it grew and flourished, sending out teaching a stone, missionaries to, and receiving converts from, all parts of Europe, sometimes to the number of 10,000 in a year; until, in 1880, the rich and essay flourishing community numbered 110,000 souls in Utah alone, while there were probably 30,000 or 40,000 scattered abroad elsewhere. Logical Connectors Essay! In the whole history of religions there is no more remarkable example of the power of faith; and, in this case, the founder of that faith was indubitably a most despicable creature.
It is interesting to observe that the course taken by the great Republic and its citizens runs exactly parallel with that taken by the Roman Empire and purim its citizens towards the early Christians, except that the Romans had a certain legal excuse for their acts of violence, inasmuch as the Christian sodalitia were not licensed, and consequently were, ipso facto, illegal assemblages. Until, in owl apa headings the latter part of the essay about, nineteenth century, the United States legislature decreed the illegality of teaching a stone polygamy, the Mormons were wholly within the law. #9;Nothing can present a greater contrast to all this than the history of the essay about purim, Positivists. This sect arose much about the same time as that of the  Mormons, in the upper and most instructed stratum of the dissertation philosophique sur la technique, quick-witted, sceptical population of Paris. The founder, Auguste Comte, was a teacher of mathematics, but of no eminence in that department of essay about purim knowledge, and with nothing but an amateur's acquaintance with physical, chemical, and biological science. His works are repulsive, on account of the dull diffuseness of their style, and lord essays evil a certain air, as of a superior person, which characterises them; but nevertheless they contain good things here and there. It would take too much space to essay reproduce in essay contest detail a system which proposes to regulate all human life by the promulgation of a Gentile Leviticus.
Suffice it to say, that M. Comte may be described as a syncretic, who, like the Gnostics of early Church history, attempted to combine the essay purim, substance of imperfectly comprehended contemporary science with the form of my hero writing contest Roman Christianity. It may be that this is the reason why his disciples were so very angry with some obscure people called Agnostics, whose views, if we may judge by the account left in the works of a great Positivist controversial writer, were very absurd. #9;To put the matter briefly, M. Comte, finding Christianity and purim Science at daggers drawn, seems to have said to Science, You find Christianity rotten at the core, do you? Well, I will scoop out the inside of it. And to Romanism: You find Science mere dry light#150;cold and bare.  Well, I will put your shell over it, and so, as schoolboys make a spectre out of my teacher my hero writing a turnip and a tallow candle, behold the new religion of Humanity complete! #9;Unfortunately neither the Romanists, nor the people who were something more than amateurs in science, could be got to worship M. Comte's new idol properly.
In the native country of Positivism, one distinguished man of letters and one of science, for a time, helped to make up a roomful of the faithful, but their love soon grew cold. In England, on the other hand, there appears to be little doubt that, in about the ninth decade of the subject, century, the multitude of disciples reached the grand total of several score. They had the advantage of the advocacy of one or two most eloquent and learned apostles, and, at any rate, the sympathy of several persons of light and leading; and, if they were not seen, they were heard, all over essay about purim the world. On the other hand, as a sect, they laboured under the prodigious disadvantage of being refined, estimable people, living in the midst of the worn-out civilisation of the old world; where any one who had tried to persecute them, as the Mormons were persecuted, would have been instantly hanged. But the majority never dreamed of persecuting them; on the contrary, they were rather given to scold and otherwise try the patience of the majority. #9;The history of these sects in the closing years  of the century is highly instructive. To Thesis! Mormonism . About Purim! . . . #9;But I find I have suddenly slipped off Mr.
Harrison's tripod, which I had borrowed for the occasion. Lord Flies Evil! The fact is, I am not equal to the prophetical business, and ought not to have undertaken it. #9;[It did not occur to me, while writing the latter part of essay about purim this essay, that it could be needful to disclaim the intention of putting the religious system of Comte on subject, a level with Mormonism. And I was unaware of the fact that Mr. Harrison rejects the purim, greater part of the Positivist Religion, as taught by lord evil Comte. I have, therefore, erased one or two passages, which implied his adherence to the Religion of Humanity as developed by Comte, 1893.] 1 See the Official Report of the Church Congress held at Manchester, October 1888, pp. About Purim! 253, 254.
2 [In this place and in the eleventh essay, there are references to the late Archbishop of York which are of no importance to my main argument, and which I have expunged because I desire to obliterate the traces of a temporary misunderstanding with a man of rare ability, candour, and wit, for whom I entertained a great liking and no less respect. I rejoice to think now of the (then) Bishop's cordial hail the first time we met after our little skirmish, Well, is subject it to be peace or war? I replied, A little of both. But there was only peace when we parted, and ever after. 3 Dr. Wace tells us, It may be asked how far we can rely on the accounts we possess of our Lord's teachings on these subjects. And he seems to think the essay purim, question appropriately answered by the assertion that it ought to purdue headings be regarded as settled by M. Renan's practical surrender of the adverse case. I thought I knew M. Renan's works pretty well, but I have contrived to miss this practical (I wish Dr. Wace had defined the scope of that useful adjective) surrender. However, as Dr.
Wace can find no difficulty in pointing out the essay purim, passage of purdue headings M. Essay! Renan's writings, by which he feels justified in making his statement, I shall wait for further enlightenment, contenting myself, for philosophique technique, the present, with remarking that if M. Renan were to retract and essay about purim do penance in my teacher essay writing Notre Dame to-morrow for essay about purim, any contributions to Biblical criticism that may be specially his property, the main results of logical connectors essay that criticism, as they are set forth in the works of Strauss, Baur, Reuss, and Volkmar, for example, would not be sensibly affected. 4 [See De Gobineau, La Religions et les Philosophies dans l'Asie Centrale; and the recently published work of purim Mr. E. G. Browne, The Episode of the Bab. ] 5 Here, as always the my hero, revised version is cited. 6 Does any one really mean to say that there is any internal or external criterion by which the essay about purim, reader of a biblical statement, in which scientific matter is contained, is enabled to judge whether it is to subject be taken au sérieux or not? Is the account of the Deluge, accepted as true in the New Testament, less precise and essay purim specific than that of the call of Abraham, also accepted as true therein? By what mark does the lord flies essays, story of the feedings with manna in the wilderness, which involves some very curious scientific problems, show that it is meant merely for edification, while the story of the inscription of the Law on stone by the hand of Jahveh is literally true? If the story of the Fall is not the true record of an historical occurrence, what becomes of Pauline theology?
Yet the story of the Fall as directly conflicts with probability, and is as devoid of trustworthy evidence as that of the essay about purim, Creation or that of the Deluge, with which it forms an dissertation philosophique sur la, harmoniously legendary series. 7 See, for an admirable discussion of the whole subject, Dr. Abbott's article on the Gospels in the Encyclopædia Britannica; and the remarkable monograph by Professor Volkmar, Jesus Nazarenus und die erste christliche Zeit (1882). Whether we agree with the conclusions of about purim these writers or not, the method of critical investigation which they adopt is unimpeachable. 8 Notwithstanding the hard words shot at me from behind the hedge of dissertation anonymity by a writer in a recent number of the Quarterly Review, I repeat, without the slightest fear of refutation, that the four Gospels, as they have come to us, are the work of unknown writers.
9 Their arguments, in the long run, are always reducible to about purim one form. Otherwise trustworthy witnesses affirm that such and such events took place. These events are inexplicable, except the agency of spirits is admitted. Therefore spirits were the lord of the flies essays, cause of the phenomena. And the heads of the reply are always the same. Remember Goethe's aphorism: Alles factische ist schon Theorie. Trustworthy witnesses are constantly deceived, or deceive themselves, in their interpretation of sensible phenomena.
No one can prove that the sensible phenomena, in these cases, could be caused only by essay the agency of purdue owl apa spirits: and there is abundant ground for believing that they may be produced in other ways. Therefore, the utmost that can be reasonably asked for, on the evidence as it stands, is suspension of judgment. And, on the necessity for even that suspension, reasonable men may differ, according to their views of probability. 10 Yet I must somehow have laid hold of the pith of the matter, for, many years afterwards, when Dean Mansel's Bampton Lectures were published, it seemed to me I already knew all that this eminently agnostic thinker had to tell me. 11 Kritik der reinen Vernunft. Edit. Hartenstein, p. 256. 12 Report of the Church Congress, Manchester, 1888, p. 252. 13 Fortnightly Review, Jan. 1889.
Preface and Table of Contents to Volume V, Science and Christian Tradition, of Huxley's Collected Essays.
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Essay on Women in Science and Technology. The era of globalization and rapid technological development has changed people’s lives dramatically. Essay? Science and technology play an extremely important role in the contemporary society. Government in developed and purdue headings developing countries recognize the importance of the development of about purim ST sphere. The roles of men and owl apa headings women have changed dramatically in the contemporary society. Women have got more freedom to express themselves and take active part in the development of technologies, despite the fact that there are still problems in this sphere. As stated in the report by the United Nations(2011) called Applying a Gender Lens to Science, Technology and essay about purim Innovation , : “There is also need for recognition of the importance of applying a “gender lens” to STI for development.
Indeed, STI policies and programmes will not be effective, equitable and sustainable unless the gender lens is applied so as to reflect the aims, concerns, situation and abilities of both women and men” (11). People realize the gender equality is dissertation philosophique sur la technique one of the components of healthy society and true development is impossible without it. Only understanding of contribution women can make to the development of science and essay about technology can bring positive impact on the development of lord of the flies essays evil this sphere. At the present moment all over the world, with small exceptions, women take an essay purim active social role and demonstrate their abilities in a lot of spheres. Lord Of The Flies Essays Evil? Nowadays women are active in good production industry, natural-resources management, educational sphere, community management. Women occupy different positions in these spheres and professions in the spheres mentioned above are mostly considered to be female ones . Big percentage of women work in the medical industry, as well. In the developing countries women are also often involved in agricultural sphere and take part in the production of food, selling it and farming. In addition, most of women have additional burden, such as home work and care about the members of the family.
Despite the essay growing temps of technological development and popularity of feminism, women do not still possess equal position in the society. “Although women and girls make up approximately 50 per essays cent of the global population, they have access to about much less than half of the resources in terms of technology, financing, land, training and education, and information” (Applying a Gender Lens to Science, Technology and Innovation, 12). A lot specialists believe that true progress and essay development are not possible without women’s active participation in these processes. The gender lens would be an essential contribution to the development of STI sphere and would enable people to meet the global changes. “UNESCO figures reveal that in 121 countries with available data, women comprise 29 percent of researchers but there were big disparities among regions. For example, in Latin America and the Caribbean, 46 percent of researchers are female and Argentina, Cuba, Brazil, Paraguay and essay about purim Venezuela have achieved gender parity. In Asia, women constitute only 18 percent of researchers overall. India and philosophique sur la technique Japan have 13 percent female researchers and essay purim South Korea has 15 percent.
In Africa women comprised about of the essays 33 percent of researchers” (UNESCO 2009). These numbers show that women’s participation in about purim STI is very low. Logical Connectors Essay? Even in the countries with comparatively high rates, women’s participation does not make even 50 per cent. These results show that gender inequality still exists in this sphere and it is necessary to pay scrupulous attention to this problem. The Baltic countries show the best results in essay this sphere. Women’s engagement in STI is comparatively high and is often higher than 50 percents. Among such countries are Lithuania (68.3 %), Estonia, Estonia (63.9%), Bulgaria (63.8 %), and Latvia (63.2 %) (Human Resources in Science and connectors Technology). The experience of these countries can become a valuable help for other countries which want to establish gender equality in the sphere of science and technology. The history shows a lot of examples of great input made by women to the development of STI.
It is hard to overestimate the role of women in essay about purim the development of different sphere. Scientific and industrial field, as well as other technological industries are influenced and dominated by men. Despite the fact that there are women who have played an important role in the development of STI industry, their names are rarely mentioned. For example, Ada Byron King, the daughter of the dissertation technique famous Lord Byron, became the first computer programmer. Essay Purim? She also was a prominent mathematician. Unfortunately, her name is rarely mentioned in the history of the development of the a stone computer industry and when people speak about this sphere they remember the essay purim names of famous male specialists. Earlier history also contains data about the famous female specialists in science and technology, but their names are even less remembered than Ada Byron King’s name. Hypatia, a Egyptian mathematician who lived in 400s made great contribution to the development of dissertation sur la science. Maria Gaetana Agnesi made a great contribution to the science by her work in differential calculus in 1700s. Sofia Kovalevskaya worked in 1800s in essay Russia.
Her contribution to sur la the development of astronomy and mathematics is hard to about overestimate. From recent history, it is worth to mention Grace Hopper, a PhD in mathematics. She became one of purdue headings leaders on the field of software development and made a great contribution to the development of new programming techniques. “A true visionary, Dr. Essay Purim? Hopper received many awards for her work, including — ironically — the Data Processing Management Association’s “Man-of-the-Year” award” (Abrams). Grace Hopper became the first to recognize possible profits people could have from the use of computers and teaching a stone to talk she did a lot to put her ideas into practice. About? She realized that making the computers easier in use would increase their popularity among ordinary people. In this way she made her contribution to the computer revolution and made computers more available.
This case illustrates not only women’s ability to achieve high results in the sphere of science and technologies. It also demonstrates the way female brain works. In contrast to men, who think about complicated schemas and complex technologies, women take into account the sphere of application and use technology more available for people. “Recent research has found that men are seduced by the technology itself. They tend to get into the faster-race-car syndrome, bragging about the size of logical their ‘discs’ or the speed of their microprocessors. Women tend to take a more practical approach. They generally think that machines are meant to be used, and don’t really care about what’s inside the box. They just want it to work, and to get things done” (Abrams). In the about interesting study performed by the Center for Children and Technology specialists tried to find the difference between male and female approaches to technological advances.
The participants of the experiment, both – men and women – were asked to described the perfect machine of the future. Results showed that machines proposed by men were designed in order to get their owners to expand control and to become more powerful. The machines designed by women had an intention to help people and to make their life easier. These differences in approaches to technological innovations show basic difference between male and to thesis female approaches in life. Men want to expand their influence and women are ready to adapt technologies and make their use easier and essay more comfortable for people. That is the reason men are more likely to owl apa invent new things and women are more likely to improve things which already exist. This division does not make men superior to essay about purim women nor vice versa. It means that men and women possess different types of knowledge and subject skills and best results can be achieved in their combination. Until present moment women were underestimated in the computer industry. Little female IT specialists took part in the development of the hardware and software. “On the business side, a recent US Department of Labor study reports that women are not successfully moving beyond mid-management boundaries in this industry– in about purim fact, there’s been only a 3% gain in the past 10 years “ (Abrams). Women are not presented in major CEOs and in the biggest companies which produce computers.
The National Assessments on Gender and STI report states that women still have worse access to information and technologies in comparison to men. Women’s role in the technological development is still badly defined. Technological resources are scantly used to lord of the support women’s activities and occupation. In addition, the percentage of women in science and technology is very low (Gender Equality in the Knowledge Society). “Women remain severely under-represented in engineering, physics and computer science — less than 30% in essay most countries – while the numbers of lord of the flies women working in about purim these fields are also declining” (Gender Equality in the Knowledge Society). In addition, women have less access to different resources, which would help them to take leadership position and have active influence on social processes.
Women usually have lower access to finances, property, education and technology. This is very true from the developing countries, but in the developed counties this tendency is owl apa headings also actual. This can be explained by several reasons. Generally, women who try to enter technology profession experience same difficulties as women trying to enter other fields. These difficulties include gender prejudgments, lack of female role models, difficulties in brining into essay about line professional and personal responsibilities. Gender prejudgments assume common belief that women have less talents and inclinations when it comes to technologies and science. In addition, economic status and political power also play an important role in female parity in science and technology. Men occupy high position in the society and politics and have access to the distribution of resources. They influence the to talk distribution of social roles, as well, and, naturally, they try to save status quo with male dominance in different spheres, and science and essay about technology are not an exception. What is notable, women in the countries with good health care and childcare have more chances to enter the sphere of science and technology.
In addition, countries where gender equality is considered to be the necessary component of the healthy society women also have more chances for normal self-expression in different fields. Gender equality usually assumes “the equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities of women and men” (OSAGI, 2001). This equality should result in “equal conditions for realizing their full human rights and for connectors essay, contributing to, and benefiting from, economic, social, cultural and political development” (ILO, 2007). This equality assumes not only shared duties, but also equal access to resources and participation in their distribution. Nowadays, access to property is not enough for purim, the equality .In the era of essays information, access to about information can be even more important than access to property. Property distribution is important but it will not resolve the problem completely till women do not have equal access to information and technological resources. The problems with gender inequality and lack of professional opportunities for women in essay teaching a stone to talk STI sphere are especially evident in the developing countries. There are different steps which may help to resolve the problem.
Informational policy is very important. Giving men and essay about purim women necessary information concerning the problem can help to resolve it. Essay? Education should become another strong factor which influences the distribution of essay about purim social roles and positions. It is necessary to make sure that women in the developing countries have equal with men access to quality education. Boys and girls have usually equal access to primary and secondary education, but the situation changes when it comes to higher education. Some changes in the curriculum would be useful to help girls and women to get more information about the STI sphere and create necessary conditions for their further employment in this sphere.
In a lot of developing countries women have less access to higher education and it is necessary to put all possible effort to change the situation for better. As mentioned above, good healthcare and mother care become those factors which help to owl apa create better career opportunities for women. So, the essay development of my teacher my hero essay writing healthcare and mother care systems will also contribute to the creating of better career opportunities for women. Better informing and collecting precise statistics data can also make a contribution to the development of gender equality in science and essay technology. Purdue Owl Apa Headings? Information and statistical data will show areas where the problems still exist and specialists will have an opportunity to pay more attention to these spheres. After distinguishing problematic zones, it will be possible to about find out possible reasons of low female participation and think about possible means to resolve these problems.
Popularization of the women who make an important contribution to STI would also help to subject to thesis reduce the gender gap in this sphere. Mass media can help to pursue this goal. Women play an important role in a lot of spheres in the contemporary society. About Purim? They make great contribution to a stone to talk the development and improvement of life in a lot of spheres. Unfortunately, science and technology are the spheres where women do not have equal possibilities with men.
There are a lot of possible explanations of this inequality, but gender bios, prejudices and unequal distribution of resources are among the main ones. Gender inequality in STI is more common in the developing countries. There are different ways to deal with the problem. Proper monitoring, proper informing and creating necessary work conditions should improve the situation in this field. Gender equality and normal work conditions for essay, both, men and women are the characteristics of any normal society and of the flies essays it is necessary to pay attention to the problem of gender inequality in science and technology because this can be beneficial for the development of these spheres.