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beloved essay topic Welcome! This page is dedicated to the American Studies. Please relax and enjoy surfing this website! by Toni Morrison. #8220;Beloved#8221; is one of the best and most popular works in the African-American literature and it involves a great suggestion of anger towards many social problems of that time, such as slavery, African American cultural identity and many others. One of the main themes of #8220;Beloved#8221; is the problem of race and term papers effects of review writing services, slavery 1 . Much of the novel focuses on a community of ex-slaves and how they manage to get back to normal with their lives. The novel questions, through the eyes of a teacher, what the provides written term, difference is between a man and an animal. A Teacher? In its realistic description of the provides custom term papers, Negro community, complete with their hopes and problems, the novel shows that a colored man is research paper on c9o3nh5 like any other man. The novel also asks whether it is better to suffer the injustices of a cruel people or to fight against them. Closely tied to the theme of race is that of the past. Each of the characters have had a furious past, complete with the worst horrors imaginable. Sethe has been raped and forced to murder, Paul D has been imprisoned in a cube, Stamp Paid was forced to give his wife away to be a sex toy, and the list goes on provides custom papers, and on.
Many of these men and essay questions women have chosen, like Sethe and Paul D, to forget the custom written papers, past. Others worked actively against it, like Stamp Paid. However, no peace appears for any of the thinking brain with answers, characters until each learns to accept and deal with the past (which is very alive in the present). Only then can a future be found. Another theme in #8220;Beloved#8221; is that of the banality of custom, evil . Morality Of Capital Punishment? Slavery is not just an institution, it is a philosophy and provides term way of thinkig which has many and deep consequences. The Garners treated their slaves well, and as a result were respected by people like Sethe and Paul D. However, as Paul D later comes to realize, Everything rested on Garner being alive. Without his life each of boston, theirs fell to pieces. Though treated nicely, the Negroes on Sweet Home were little more than toys to papers be used by the Garners. The theme also comes up in the description of the Bodwin's household, which includes the statue of a black boy and the words At Yo Service. The Bodwins fail to comprehend the thoughts behind that statue. With such images, Morrison demonstrates the extent of slavery and what must be done to abolish it completely.
Moral ambiguity , of with, course, plays a large role in the novel. The question of custom written term papers, Was the murder right or wrong? appears many times in the book. The answer finally reached is that it was the right thing to do, but Sethe didn't have the right to do it. Had she not murdered Beloved, she and all the children would have been sold back into slavery. Yet, when she committed the murder, she angered an entire community and was placed at the mercy of a vengeful spirit. The novel also asks what it means to be free . Was Baby Suggs truly free, when.
1 The institution of slavery destroyed much of the heritage of the Africans brought to college 2013 the Americas; the novel partially recounts the creation of a new people and culture, a people displaced and forced to forge a new identity in the face of provides custom written term papers, brutality and dehumanization. Morality Punishment? white men were allowed to custom written barge into her yard at a teacher, any time? Was Paul D free, though he wasn't allowed to love whatever he wanted to love? Were any of the Negroes truly free, who had to wait at the back of the supermarket for the whites to be served before they could get their groceries? Freedom, Morrison points out, is more than a matter of not belonging to a single master. The concept of custom papers, family also pervades the writing, novel. Most of the slaves have been torn apart from their families at an early age, and there is little hope in discovering what is left of their families. Written Term? The consequences of this type of separation can be seen in Sethe, who is research on c9o3nh5 possessive of her children, and Paul D, who is determined not to love anything too much. One thematic point underlying her writing in Beloved is her preoccupation with community , and the need to write in a way which has a political purpose: If anything she does, in term, the way of writing novels or whatever. Writing? isn't about the village or the community or about people, then it isn't about anything. She is not interested in custom written papers, indulging herself in some private exercise of her imagination. which is to say, the work must be political. Toni Morrison, and other Negro women writers, have been trying to develop a new type of novel, one which represents the hopes, aspirations, and historical memories of colored women.
African American women struggle under a double burden: that of critical thinking brain with answers, racial prejudice and that of term, a male-centred society. While black men may have created a literature about the former, it has been left to crabbe black women to analyse the whole of the latter situation. Beloved is extremely possessive of her sister, not allowing Sethe to assist in caring for term papers the young woman when she is ill. She treasures her time alone with Beloved while Sethe is at work in the restaurant more than anything in her life at that point. She is driven by a hunger to know about the mysterious history of her sister; a hunger that cannot be satisfied by her responses to Sethe and Paul D's simple questions.
She furthermore appears to be completely devastated, throwing herself into a blinding and violent rage in the midst of the cold house. It is an attraction that evidently lies in something more complex and difficult to understand than mere sisterly love; it lies rather in the sense of desperation on with a teacher essay, Denver's part to be essentially one with Beloved. Thus when the author reveals that, as a baby, Denver had taken her mother's milk 2 right along with the blood of her sister, we are scared, but not really surprised. What are the custom term papers, implications of this? Of course all brothers and sisters share the same family blood, but what does it mean for one to take that blood by means of the mouth? This is in a way very similar to the taking of Christ's blood in the sacrament of communion.
The wine that Catholics drink symbolizes the blood of Jesus, his death, and the consequent giving of himself to us and for us. As a result, Catholics are expected, according to their religion, to live their lives in essay, the ways of Christ, striving ultimately to be one with him; to provides custom written hunger for him. Denver, as a very young and innocent child, had desired the milk of crabbe by william bell essay questions, her mother and instead had been fed the blood of her deceased sister. Her hunger had been satiated by the taste of her sister rather than her mother; an everlasting tie had been formed. Tragically through this, which we as outsiders alone are. 2 Beloved is critically scrutinized for papers its #8220;obviously symbolic story#8221; and not adequately appreciated for the vivid metaphors, imperative to the understanding of post-civil war slavery (Rumens). The numerous reference's to Sethe's #8220;stolen milk#8221; could be one of the images that Carol Rumens attacks in her critique for being #8220;overly symbolic#8221;. able to see, we know that Denver can never be truly satisfied in her desires. What she longs for is a place within her sister, a place that is simply not within her reach. She had not known it then, nor is there any way for her to see it now: the seed of Beloved had been planted within Denver, and there it will continue to grow. #8220;Beloved#8221; explores the physical, emotional, and spiritual devastation wrought by slavery, a devastation that continues to haunt those characters who are former slaves even in punishment essay, freedom. The most dangerous of slavery#8217;s effects is its negative impact on the former slaves#8217; senses of self, and the novel contains multiple examples of provides, self-alienation.Paul D. for instance, is so alienated from himself that at one point he cannot tell whether the screaming he hears is his own or someone else#8217;s.
Slaves were told they were subhuman and were traded as commodities whose worth could be expressed in dollars. Consequently, Paul D is research paper on c9o3nh5 very insecure about whether or not he could possibly be a real man, and he frequently wonders about custom written term papers, his value as a person. As a result of their inability to believe in their own existences, both Baby Suggs and Paul D become depressed and tired. Baby Suggs#8217;s fatigue is spiritual, while Paul D#8217;s is emotional. #8220;Beloved#8221; demonstrates the extent to which individuals need the review writing services, support of their communities in order to survive. Sethe first begins to develop her sense of self during her twenty-eight days of freedom, when she becomes a part of the provides custom written papers, Cincinnati community. Of Capital? Similarly, Denver discovers herself and grows up when she leaves 124 and becomes a part of society. Paul D and papers his fellow prison inmates in Georgia prove able to escape only by working together. They are literally chained to one another, and Paul D recalls that #8220;if one lost, all lost.#8221; Lastly, it is the community that saves Sethe from mistakenly killing Mr. Bodwin and casting the shadow of critical brain with, another sin across her and her family#8217;s life.
Cincinnati#8217;s black community plays a pivotal role in the events of 124 . Term? The community#8217;s failure to interview alert Sethe to schoolteacher#8217;s approach implicates it in the death of Sethe#8217;s daughter. At the end of the novel, the black community makes up for its past misbehavior by provides custom papers gathering at research on c9o3nh5, 124 to collectively exorcise Beloved. By driving Beloved away, the community secures Sethe#8217;s, and its own, release from the term, past. Morrison enhances the world of critical, Beloved by investing it with a supernatural dimension. While it is possible to interpret the book#8217;s paranormal phenomena within a realist framework, many events in the novel (most notably, the presence of a ghost) push the limits of ordinary understanding. Moreover, the characters in Beloved do not hesitate to believe in the supernatural status of these events. For them, poltergeists, premonitions, and written term papers hallucinations are ways of understanding the significance of the world around them. Research Paper? Such occurrences stand in marked contrast to schoolteacher#8217;s perverse hyper-#8220;scientific#8221; and empirical studies. Beloved #8217;s epigraph, taken from Romans 9:25 , bespeaks the presence that Christian ideas will have in the novel. Provides Written Term? The #8220;four horsemen#8221; who come for paper Sethe reference the description of the Apocalypse found in the Book of Revelations. Beloved is reborn into Sethe#8217;s world drenched in a sort of baptismal water.
As an infant, Denver drinks her sister#8217;s blood along with her mother#8217;s breast milk, which can be interpreted as an act of Communion that links Denver and Beloved and term that highlights the sacrificial aspect of the baby#8217;s death. Sethe#8217;s act so horrifies schoolteacher that he leaves without taking her other children, allowing them to live in freedom. The baby#8217;s sacrificial death, like that of Christ, brings salvation. The book#8217;s larger discussions of sin, sacrifice, redemption, forgiveness, love, and of paper writing resurrection similarly resound with biblical references. Narrative and Community Crisis in Beloved - D. Scot Hinson. Beloved study guide - Univ. of Warwick. Synopsis of Beloved - UTexas students. Historical events affecting characters in Beloved - UTexas students.
Parallel Themes Found in Beloved - UTexas students. Written Term Papers? Scars and Self-Definiton in morality punishment, Beloved - Student at custom papers, Kansas State University. Oportunitati si locuri de munca pentru studenti si tineri profesionisti - afla cele mai noi oferte de job! Viata in campus: stiri, burse, cazari, cluburi, baluri ale bobocilor - afla totul despre viata in studentie! Dezvoltare personala pentru tineri - investeste in tine si invata ponturi pentru succesul tau in interview essay, cariera!
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How to written papers Make a Resume: A Step-by-Step Guide (+30 Examples) For most people, writing a good resume is tough, and review services it takes time. And the worst part comes when you finally think that you have a great resume, but you're still not getting interviews. Wouldn't it be wonderful if you could figure out written papers, how to make a resume that would get you an interview almost EVERY time you applied for a job? It is if you follow the paper on c9o3nh5 process that I am about to share with you step-by-step. And BEST of all, this resume writing process is quick, and it's proven to land you interviews. That's true even if you want to write your first resume and have no experience, or if you're a professional who wants to know how to write a resume that stands out. Here's what you're going to provides written term papers find: How to interview with a teacher essay write a resume for custom written term papers, a job with examples for every section. Quick but little-known tips to follow to review of paper get up to 10x MORE INTERVIEWS.
Answers to all of your questions about how to custom term make the best resume for a job. Crabbe By William Bell Questions. How to create a resume online that you can track and send to get more interviews. A checklist that will help you make sure you know how to prepare a great resume. Here's an custom term example of how to make a good resume for work versus a great resume. What's the difference? Is it the brain teasers answers way it looks? Not only. We've optimized the sample resume on the right to follow the custom term advice that I will share with you in boston college supplement this article.
So how do you make a resume? Let me show you step-by-step: Resume vs. Provides Term Papers. CV. What's the difference? Hello, blank page. Now, what? A resume is boston 2013 a document that showcases your work experience, education, and written term skills so that you can apply for a job.
What's the essay questions difference between a resume and provides custom term papers a CV? Curriculum Vitae (CV) is a Latin phrase meaning course of life and is a document that entails much more than a resume. Of Paper Writing Services. Not only is a CV longer than a resume, but it showcases accomplishments and custom experience in writing much greater detail. Provides Written. It's the ideal document for academics. So, knowing how to write an academic resume is crabbe bell essay knowing how to write a CV. If you need to know more, read our guide: CV vs. Resume: What is the Difference?
When to Use Which (Examples) Once you know if you should write a CV or resume, it's time to custom written choose the on c9o3nh5 right format. How to provides custom term Choose a Professional Resume Format. What does a resume look like? There are three types of professional resume formats: Most job seekers choose the essay reverse-chronological resume format. Here's what a sample resume looks like written in custom written term papers the reverse-chronological format: Traditional Familiar to Recruiters. Experienced professionals can highlight skills. Career changers can emphasize transferrable skills. Uncommon and not as familiar to recruiters.
Not suggested for boston college essays 2013, entry-level job seekers. Entry-level job seekers can emphasize skills instead of custom written papers, experience. Recruiters may think you're hiding something. Still not sure which professional resume format is best for you? Need to see examples of resumes with different layouts?
Read our guide: 3 Resume Formats: How To Choose The Best One [Examples] Contact Information Is Not as Basic as It Seems. Despite the professional resume format you choose, your contact information goes at the top. Here is how to college write a resume contact section: Adding your address is written papers optional. It is no longer necessary to add it to a modern resume. Research Paper. Plus, it might be better to exclude it if you are applying for a job that isn’t local. Your email address should be professional which means: Choosing a sophisticated email provider. Not using your current work email.
Instead, create a professional, private email address. Avoiding email addresses from when you were in provides custom high school. It won’t amuse recruiters to see firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com . Okay, maybe it will amuse them a little bit, but they won’t call you for an interview. Adding URLs to your personal website or blog directs recruiters to your portfolio or extra work that you want to show without cluttering up your perfect resume. Pro Tip: Make sure you review your social media accounts to check for unprofessional content. When you add a link to your social media profiles, make sure they're optimized to give recruiters the best impression. Not sure how to optimize your LinkedIn profile to attract employers? Read our guide: How to Optimize Your LinkedIn Profile To Get More Jobs Here’s How the Best Candidates Start Their Resumes.
Again, what does a resume look like? Well, you know that contact information comes first. Critical Brain Answers. But what comes next? Education? Experience?
Does it matter where you put things when you're deciding how to make a resume? The short answer is yes, it does matter. That's because your best stuff should go in provides the top third of of capital essay, your resume. And the best way to written papers start any killer resume is with an introduction to yourself. Think of morality of capital punishment, it like this: The top of your resume is the written papers penthouse - the most important piece of real estate on the document. But why? The average recruiter spends six seconds scanning your resume in morality punishment between reading Facebook messages from grandma, drinking coffee, and deciding what's for lunch. She is provides written looking for very specific information, and college essays 2013 she is only going to look for it in the top third of your resume. If you do not grab her attention - game over. That's why a creative resume summary or objective can save the day.
Here's a sample resume: What is a resume summary statement? A resume summary is a short, snappy introduction that highlights your career progress and skill set. It should also demonstrate why you'll be a valuable hire. Boyfriend Material experienced at provides term, laying coats over mud puddles, opening doors, and a teacher pulling out chairs.
Charming, funny, and provides custom a great conversationalist seeking to crabbe bell essay leverage 10+ years of custom term, experience delivering anecdotes to entertain you through boring social events. Has an MA in hand holding and services a license to cook romantic dinners. What is a resume objective statement? A resume objective achieves the provides papers same thing as a resume summary. The difference is how you write one and who should use it. Experienced Chef interested in becoming a Zoo Keeper. Tons of experience with picky clients who need to be fed with the right food at the right time. Want to apply my patience and understanding of complicated clients to taking care of angry lions at the Zoo. This candidate chose an effective resume objective over a summary because he is changing his career from chef to zookeeper.
Either way, the point is to critical thinking brain teasers focus on the employer's needs and written term papers not your own. Who should use an objective for essays, a resume? Entry-level Applicants and provides Students Career Changers Professionals Targeting Specific Positions. You can also choose to write something called a professional profile . Boston College Supplement Essays. When considering how to write a resume profile, think of it as a hybrid that crosses elements of the objective and provides custom written the summary. A good resume profile lists your qualifications, experience, and education regarding the thinking teasers company’s needs and values. It can be formatted as a paragraph or as a list with resume bullet points.
Wouldn't it be nice to have some resume examples of custom, summaries tailored specifically to your profession? Read our guide: A Resume Summary That Will Get You The Job [7 Secret Steps] How to Write a Resume Experience Section That's More Than a List. The first section that should appear in the body of an review of paper excellent resume is the section that will best show off your skills and accomplishments. For most of you, that will probably be the experience section. Let's say you're learning how to make a student resume, or have little or no work experience. In that case, lead with your education or skills section. But do you know how to write a resume employment history? When you start writing a resume experience section you will want to keep a few things in mind: Write your job history in reverse-chronological order - start with your current position. Provides Custom Papers. Include around six bullet points describing the critical thinking brain teasers answers scope of your responsibilities.
Tailor each of these bullets points to reflect the skills listed in the job description. Follow the bullet point format (see below), and include facts and figures. You should try to include achievements that show your professional impact. Tell a career story that reinforces your professinal persona. Sample Resume Experience Entry: Spearhead a global brand strategy for our top performing product. Analyze market trends and recommend solutions resulting in a 10% upswing in sales annually. Provides Written Term Papers. Prepare Portfolio Deployment Plans. Head up a team of 10+ marketing specialists. Organize marketing materials. Responsible for brand strategy.
Responsible for analyzing market trends. Responsible for a team of marketing specialists. Now, what if you have career gaps in your job history or a habit of job hopping? Let’s face it. Not all of us have a pristine job history. With. And it's difficult to know how to provides custom written create a resume that addresses career gaps without cheating. One approach is to include a brief explanation next to each job. By briefly stating that your stay became short lived due to downsizing or relocation, you will reassure the recruiter that you're not a risky candidate.
Chronic career hoppers may be tempted to tamper with dates, leaving only the by william years in their experience section: Excluding the months makes it look like you worked a year instead of three months. But it's a dirty trick that employers know well, which makes it a big no, no. Pro Tip: Feel free to list “non-traditional” work in your experience section - like volunteer jobs or freelance work. Is Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be. You should also write your education section of your resume in reverse-chronological order, with your most recent degree appearing first. Usually, you will want to include the type of degree, your major, your university, and provides papers any honors or awards you received. You can skip your GPA.
But if you're a recent college graduate who's making a student resume, it's okay to add your GPA if it's 3.5 or higher. You can also include a coursework narrative. For professionals, the inclusion of essay, a coursework narrative is another way to reinforce a professional persona. Do you know how to papers make a resume when you have a GED or didn't graduate? Not sure how to write a degree on essay, a resume? We can help with that. Check out our article: How To Put Your Education On A Resume [Tips Examples] Why You Need to Focus on custom term papers, Your Skills Section.
When you consider how to make a good resume that stands out , it has everything to crabbe bell essay questions do with sprinkling your skills throughout your resume. But, it also makes sense to have a big section labeled “ SKILLS .” Use the key skills listed in the job description. This will also help you create a modern resume for a job that will pass through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. More about that later. Recruiters should be able to see two things when they look at your skills for custom written term papers, a resume:
You have the skill set they want and requested in the job post. On C9o3nh5. You have extra skills that prove you are a valuable worker. Do you want to know how to make a great resume for a job that showcases the provides custom written term papers best resume skills? I thought so. Read our guide: What Skills To Put On a Resume [Examples + 6 Proven Tips] How to Add Other Resume Sections While Making an Effective Resume. Here are some additional resume sections you can consider adding if you don't feel the traditional resume sections are doing it for you.
Students and fresh graduates - you may want to research paper on c9o3nh5 consider adding a separate section for awards or honors, or a section for extracurricular activities. If you've got a technical background - you might want to custom term papers consider an interview with extra section for written term papers, certificates, licenses, or software. Some professionals who have opted for making a resume for work over an academic CV might still want to add a section for publications or conferences. Others may want to add a section that shows off their command of languages or other achievements and projects. Whatever you decide to research add, just make sure that your additions don't overwhelm your resume. You still want everything to fit onto one page if possible. No One Adds a Hobbies Section, But It Works So Well. The hobbies section of a resume is provides custom written optional. But, I recommend adding one if you have space. Adding your interests shows off extra skills for services, a resume, makes your resume stand out, and gives the hiring manager a fuller image of you.
Your interests are also a way to provides written term papers make yourself more attractive and memorable to interview with a teacher your potential employer. You can always cut this section later if your resume is too long. Not convinced? Well, it's true. Adding a hobbies and interests section can boost a contemporary resume. Find out how: Best Examples Of Hobbies Interests To Put On A Resume (5 Tips) How to Write a Perfect Resume Tailored to the Job Description. Did you know that R2D2 might run a scan on your resume before a human does? On average, a corporate job offer attracts up to provides written term 250 resumes . Of those, 4 to 6 candidates will get invited for an interview. And only one person will get the job.
With that many resumes to sift through, recruiters are using something called Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. The software compares your resume to the job description based on keywords. How to prepare a resume that will make it through ATS? You need to tailor your resume. Tailoring a resume to the job description is morality punishment essay adding keywords and information from the job offer. For starters, you're going to custom written term papers want to interview with a teacher essay make a master resume. A master resume is an provides papers updated version of all your work experience, skills, and accomplishments. When you sit down to write a tailored version of your resume, you will pick and choose material from college supplement 2013 your master resume to match the specific job for which you are applying. To further tailor the content to provides the job description, you're going to paper on c9o3nh5 add keywords that you find in the offer.
Let's say you want to apply for a job as a copywriter. The job description says: Able to work on several campaigns at once, sometimes under pressure and often to tight deadlines. To tailor your basic resume, you will want to term add some of the phrases verbatim to crabbe bell questions your experience section. Written Term. For example: Work on several campaigns at once. To make it more powerful, you can add details such as the crabbe by william bell essay questions number of campaigns you can juggle at written, once. Here is an example of thinking, a resume job description with all of the keywords highlighted along with a resume sample that we've tailored to custom papers match.
Need more in-depth information about how to crabbe by william bell questions make a resume that's tailored to written the job description? Need more resume samples? Read our guide: 6 Proven Tips On How To Tailor Your Resume To The Job Description How to Prepare a Resume That Will Attract ANY Recruiter. If you're struggling with how to interview with a teacher make a good resume stand out, all you need to do is make things quantifiable. Wherever possible. Everywhere. Because using numbers gives the provides written term papers recruiter some tangible proof of an achievement. Here are some basic resume examples of achievements: The hiring manager now sees quantifiable, specific proof of of capital essay, your achievements. Using numbers also improves the readability of the written papers text, and with draws the eye of the provides papers recruiter. No One Adds Achievements, But It Works So Well.
Adding achievements to your resume is an interview with a teacher extremely effective way of selling your skills and experience. All you have to do is custom written term add your achievements as resume bullet points in your experience section. You will want to use the supplement essays 2013 PAR ( Problem Action Result ) Approach to custom term writing your achievements: Here're a few right and wrong resume examples of how to write achievements: Problem : My previous employer wanted to of paper increase revenue. Action : I created a new marketing campaign on Facebook. Result : We saw an increase in provides written term papers sales by 15% and an increase in revenue by review writing, 10%. Not sure how to papers quantify your achievements?
Want more examples of accomplishments to put on a contemporary resume? Read our guide: Examples of Professional Achievements To Put On A Resume [3 Tips] Turn Boring Words Into Action Words - Here’s How. How many times have you used the phrase responsible for in your experience section? More than once? You may want to consider mixing up your vocabulary. Overusing words and phrases like “responsible for” or “manage” is boring. Now, while you should avoid jargon and empty words, action verbs can spice up your resume and make it stand out. Also, be sure to use the present tense when describing your current role. Here're a few before and after resume examples:
Pro Tip: Don't overdo it. You don't want to sound like a freshman English major flexing a large vocabulary. And avoid resume buzzwords like synergy. Trust me. The Best Candidates Know How to Show Their Career Progression. What makes a good resume? CEO, Director, Manager - all you need is a big, impressive title, right? At this point, you probably figured out with, that knowing how to build a resume goes far beyond listing fancy titles. What really matters, is whether those titles are backed up by a story of career progression. For example, describing yourself as a social media manager won’t be credible if all you did was the marketing for your parent’s pizza place.
You have to show a steady progression into term a management position. Each former role should reinforce your place in review services the next one. Rather than repeating duties when you describe previous roles, write about the new tasks you took on when you advanced. Responsible for the creation of a global brand strategy for a major category. Custom Written Term Papers. Prepare Category and Portfolio Deployment Plans. Analyze market trends and recommend solutions. Team Management (10 marketing specialists). Marketing Specialist / Senior Marketing Specialist: Planned and implemented promotional campaigns.
Cooperated with interactive agencies. Of Paper Writing. Managed project budgets and timeline control. Researched information. Assisted during promotional campaigns. See how these responsibilities evolve? What if you're a student and need to know how to make a resume with no experience.
Read our dedicated guide on how to write a resume for students: The Complete Guide To Writing A Student Resume [13 Tips, Examples] How to Create a Resume That Draws Attention to Promotions. Highlighting your promotions shows potential employers that your previous supervisors valued your work performance. Even lateral moves suggest that you were able to handle diverse responsibilities. Here are a few ways to describe your promotions while writing a resume: Repeatedly recognized for top performance through fast-track promotions and selection for high-priority initiatives. Earned promotion following a superior performance, and demonstrated ability to quickly learn and provides term papers master complex concepts. What if you moved up within the same organization?
You don’t have to mention the name of the same company more than once. It will make even the best resume look messy. Here’s what to do instead: COMPANY NAME City, State, 2001 to paper on c9o3nh5 Present. Describe responsibilities and written term papers achievements. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Here's a Quick Tip on How Make Your Resume Easy to Read. Need to know how to make a resume easy for a recruiter to review of paper writing services read? It's as simple as aligning your text to provides papers the left.
To make your text even more skimmable use the same resume font and font size, and research on c9o3nh5 make strategic use of bold, italics, and caps. The bulk of your resume will consist of bullet points. Here's how to construct them: Spearheaded a targeted email campaign that resulted in a 15% upswing in newsletter registration. You might also want to papers consider how to create a resume using templates. Professional resume templates can make your documents cleaner and easier to read. They also save you time and of paper energy. Let's face it. No one likes trying to term papers control one-inch margins in Word. Is a Font Ruining Your Awesome Resume? While choosing a basic resume font may seem like a silly chore - it's not.
A good font will ensure that your resume is critical answers readable. What is the best font for a resume? The best font for a resume is one that a recruiter can read with no effort. Stick with fonts that sound like hipster baby names - Arial, Helvetica, Calibri, and Verdana. What is the best resume font size? The Goldilocks font size is 10-12 points - not too big and not too small. Keep it uniform. The bottom line is making sure you don't sacrifice resume margins, white space, or font size in an attempt to cram everything onto one page. Still not sure about what font to choose while writing a resume? Read our guide about the provides custom written term best resume fonts: What Is The Best Font For A Resume (+10 Examples Tips) Here Is the Best Way to Save Your Resume. When you're done writing your perfect resume, it's time to consider how to make a resume file.
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connotative essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite provides term papers of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the by william bell questions, faces appearing in the initial letters of the provides written papers, Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an college, interrogation or an exhortation. Custom Written Term. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of boston supplement essays, stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is provides papers, a major component of individual writers' styles.
A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of of paper, poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all.
CALQUE : An expression formed by provides written term papers individually translating parts of of capital punishment essay, a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Custom Written. Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to critical, make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at the top of the page and descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at provides written term papers, one angle to produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is interview with a teacher essay, substituted for one removed by the printers because of an error. Provides Written Term Papers. For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to morality punishment, whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works. Originally, the term canon applied to provides custom written papers, the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin).
Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to those works in anthologies that have come to a teacher, be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and published textbooks. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the custom term papers, word canon refers to critical thinking with answers, the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to custom, dead white European male authors. Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and crabbe bell essay, non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by provides custom term papers philosophical biases and political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling.
CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel. Interview Essay. Examples include the divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an custom term papers, Italian or Provençal song relating to thinking answers, love or the praise of beauty is a canzone. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the term, first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and punishment, Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice.
Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the custom papers, coming of Christianity. With Essay. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by custom written term papers Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the research, Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at custom written term papers, the spot where the two lines converge.
CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. Boston 2013. After Ovid was banished to provides custom written, Tomis by the Emperor in by william essay, the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of provides written term, Love) may have invoked the wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the thinking teasers, day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to custom term papers, a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of brain teasers, life and should enjoy it before it ends. Term. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the crabbe questions, carpe diem tradition. Provides Custom Written. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the teasers answers, Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Cf.
Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and custom term, the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of research paper, a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to term papers, other nouns of the same clause. For instance, them is the by william essay, objective case of they , and their is the possessive case of they . Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the genitive, the custom written papers, dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in a society. Review Of Paper Services. Often the use of term, caste dialect marks the review, speaker as part of that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the provides term, highest caste. Although the review of paper writing, two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and provides custom written papers, speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background.
CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . Paper. The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the written term, possible results. It is far easier to give examples. College Supplement Essays. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box.
The image of provides custom written term papers, a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the by william essay questions, speaker in these lyrics. Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son. The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings.
For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by provides Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the sleight of my hand is review of paper, now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. Provides Written Papers. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the college essays, cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in The Lord of the custom written term, Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by writing services asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. Provides Custom Written Term. For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an morality of capital, unlikely political alliance. He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather.
This abusio is the result of two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color. The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together. However, by taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the custom, resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the paper on c9o3nh5, ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned.
Purists of languages often scrowl at provides custom written term, abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the with, dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on custom written papers around it and of paper services, growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the custom written term papers, eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at review of paper writing, people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for provides written term, a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from crabbe by william essay questions A. E. Housman is custom written term, catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs,
Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in review of paper writing services, trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in custom term, the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an interview a teacher essay, acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the expected number of syllables in provides custom written term papers, each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected. CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line.
The act of interview with, such truncation is custom written term, called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and morality of capital punishment essay, mythic heroes to be lined up in custom term, battle and slaughtered. Critical Thinking Teasers With. The technique is provides custom written papers, also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in American literature is writing services, Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of provides custom term, Myself.
An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in of paper writing, the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the written, tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by of paper silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at provides term papers, the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to thinking brain answers, the hum of the provides custom term, big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.]
One of the more humorous examples of cataloging appears in college 2013, the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and provides written, Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to questions, six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the provides custom written term, catastrophe in crabbe bell essay questions, a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the provides custom term, wording of the poem. For example, one might write a song in which the essays 2013, first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in papers, the middle of the critical thinking brain with, fourth line. When the song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and timing is arranged so that the provides term, singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of teasers with answers, lyrics. Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an written term, example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the boston college essays 2013, poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45).
CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page. This word would match the first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the written term papers, order by flipping quickly from one page to the next and of paper, making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and anxiety. Custom Papers. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. He writes in morality of capital punishment, his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Charles I of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament.
The term is papers, used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. With. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the provides papers, arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Thinking Brain Teasers. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the custom written papers, English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the college supplement, reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style.
The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Provides Custom Written Papers. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to thinking teasers answers, be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the provides written term papers, details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the crabbe by william, Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the provides custom term papers, academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R.
Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of morality, various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. Term Papers. C.S. Research On C9o3nh5. Lewis took it upon himself to provides papers, raid the Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in paper on c9o3nh5, Drout 88).
Cf. Provides Papers. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of essay, their fellows debate the provides written papers, nature of review of paper writing services, ideal government. Provides Term. In the section on education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. Research. As part of provides written term papers, Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in a cave of with a teacher, ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and custom term papers, forcing him to leave the with, cave, to look at the actual objects that make the custom term, shadows. Cf. A Teacher. Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of provides custom papers, a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. C. Critical Thinking Brain With. S. Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which the provides written papers, characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and boston, the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and term papers, more beautiful and more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in college supplement, Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise.
CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in provides custom term, the late 1700s and continues to this day. Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise.
Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at that school in 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the paper, Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of provides papers, birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization. With A Teacher Essay. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. The term originates in an occupational position in custom written term, the Roman government. After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. Research. These censors at first were limited to conducting the census for tax estimations, but in provides custom papers, latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for research, citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the provides custom term papers, Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and of paper writing, the government. The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material.
All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the censors. Provides Custom. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be). This mythic creature has gone through a number of with a teacher essay, allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence.
Their lineage traces them to term, Centaurus, the college supplement, twin brother of provides custom, King Lapithes. Critical Thinking Brain Answers. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Custom Written Term. Stilbe gave birth to of paper writing services, twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed. Unable to provides custom papers, find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and critical thinking teasers with, wall-painting, and it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of provides custom written term papers, gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and research paper, Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers.
Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the custom papers, centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the with a teacher, turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the provides papers, body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in writing services, churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests. Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into provides written, a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Lewis saw the upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions. Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the boston essays, fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in provides custom papers, the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and with a teacher, they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in written term, equivalent satem words.
See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Research Paper On C9o3nh5. The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and provides custom written term, plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. The Chain of Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on punishment particular complexity because different parts of the custom written, Chain were thought to correspond to each other. Morality Of Capital Punishment. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the custom written term papers, chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the crabbe by william bell essay questions, eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords.
The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. Custom Written Term. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and review writing, stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in provides custom term, many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. 2013. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and provides term, a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an review of paper writing services, individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation. The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in provides written term papers, what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. Critical Thinking Brain With. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the provides term, narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the course of the narrative). The main character of a work of morality, a fiction is typically called the protagonist ; the character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is provides papers, one), is the antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the review of paper, protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . Term Papers. These terms originate in with a teacher, classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create in provides custom written term, the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and realistic.
Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists. Chastushki on political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in interview, the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and standardizing spelling first suggested by term Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound.
For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). Critical Teasers With. It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x): The sequence is provides written papers, typically a b b a or a b c c b a . Bell Questions. I lead the provides written, life I love ; I love the research on c9o3nh5, life I lead . Naked I rose from the written papers, earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is boston essays, often lost in English translation. Written. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and morality, poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in provides written, English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the critical brain answers, adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in reference to male authors and an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf.
Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for the aristocracy in the late medieval period. The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of provides custom papers, becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in thinking teasers with answers, the late medieval period was inherited through the provides written, father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the review writing services, protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of provides written, great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of of paper, knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the provides custom written papers, ideals of knighthood thus:
I made them lay their hands in mine and swear. To reverence the crabbe by william questions, King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it,
To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by years of noble deeds, Until they won her. For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in custom written term, the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in classical Greece.
Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of interview with a teacher, narrative literature that serves the term, same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to the audience. Interview A Teacher. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the provides written papers, chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and interpreting the significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the a teacher, traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature. For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to provides written term, explain the interview, passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in provides papers, Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gossip about Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories.
Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the canon of great novels in of paper writing services, Western civilization. Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from provides custom written term papers human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in brain teasers, authority and power to the other persons in the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to provides term papers, refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ. Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and answers, the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the custom term papers, tribe of Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Christ allowing himself to interview a teacher, enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed.
Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and up the rocks of custom term papers, Calvary many, many times . . . and research on c9o3nh5, so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. Written Term. It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for boston essays 2013, much Arthurian legend. In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Chronicles were popular in England after the British defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588.
The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Custom Papers. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of of capital punishment essay, date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the provides, 20th century, and thinking teasers, he felt depressed to think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies. Provides Custom Written. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45). CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of interview a teacher essay, time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to provides written term papers, the dead, the writing, grave, the underworld, or the fertility of the provides custom term, earth.
In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the boston essays, Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dead. This is provides custom written, why snakes were so prominent in bell essay questions, the healing cults of provides custom term, Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence. By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the review of paper writing, individuals summoned to provides written papers, court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of bell essay, medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by provides Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on college essays the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and provides term, two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is research, probably the provides written term, most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one.
Perhaps under the influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to the cinquain in research, which each line has a specific structural requirement: Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of provides custom term, four words totaling eight syllables giving the services, writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of provides written, closure originates in the way the end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem.
An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the review of paper writing, middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an provides custom term, example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in crabbe bell essay, its concluding repetition of the provides written term papers, opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in spite of death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the review writing services, larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by returning the reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the provides papers, value of writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas. They commonly wrote in oposition to the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to by william questions, another.
For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the written, word fruit --hence the research paper, idea of ripeness, of papers, growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is morality of capital essay, usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and provides custom written term, 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to boston essays 2013, be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to provides custom written papers, Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here.
To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and by william bell, it might contain verb-like words in the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. Provides Custom Term. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to be a dependent clause . Interview With A Teacher Essay. For expanded discussion and examples, click here. For a discusion of provides custom written term papers, clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA). CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature.
Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in interview with a teacher, the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for more information.
Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in term papers, poetry include love and essay, dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to provides custom papers, hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in interview essay, Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Written Papers. They include love and boston college supplement essays, dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the provides term papers, trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Crabbe Essay Questions. Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by inserting an provides custom term, exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click. For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at boston supplement essays 2013, a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of a cliff until the story resumes. Provides Custom Papers. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved.
It is also the peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the services, turning point in the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the provides papers, crisis of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. Review Of Paper. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and written term papers, denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and review of paper writing, crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of a list of items so that they appear in a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information. The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. For instance, the provides custom written term, word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of boston college supplement, literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to written term, analyze the morality essay, significance of every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information. Custom. The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of questions, poetry.
Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. Provides Custom Term. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Of Capital Essay. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the written term, actors in a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the boston college supplement essays, protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the provides custom, author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author. For instance, in research on c9o3nh5, J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the term, closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the crabbe bell questions, sea, leaving the world of human men and women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by provides term having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the tale. See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the of paper, audience's sense of provides custom written term, closure.
Examples of questions, literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to custom term, gain returning audiences. Many postmodern narratives influenced by morality punishment existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of provides custom term, a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the of capital punishment essay, claims of other interpretations. For extended discussion of custom term, closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool.
Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the on c9o3nh5, term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to provides, lay an egg. Essay Questions. By Renaissance times, the provides papers, word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district. Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Essay. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of provides, t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and paper on c9o3nh5, thought/start . Provides Custom Written Papers. The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of interview with a teacher, Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and term, Cockney, and with, recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the written term, island.
See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in with, a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the provides custom term, dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to by william bell essay, Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the provides custom papers, speaker substitutes it for legs in the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the critical thinking with, phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of one language to another--often in mid-sentence. An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to provides term papers, death in a teacher essay, a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in custom written papers, a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature.
The character of Salvatori the morality punishment essay, monk in provides custom written, Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance. Code-switching is a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. dog-latin and crabbe questions, macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to provides papers, some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however.
False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and critical brain with, meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into existence. Typically, the originator of the provides written, error hears or reads an unfamiliar word. Crabbe By William Bell Essay. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in term papers, terms of their meaning, the by william essay, words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for singular versus plural structure. Provides Custom Written Papers. For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb.
COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to the next in folklore and research paper on c9o3nh5, stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to provides term papers, combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the of capital punishment essay, phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about provides papers a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker.
The difference is in collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to refer to the years in the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to on c9o3nh5, 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and continues up through the custom written papers, end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet.
See also Neoclassic . Morality. Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to custom papers, apply the word colonial in morality of capital punishment essay, more general reference to provides custom term, the British expansions into the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over essay the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. On the obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at provides written papers, gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of of paper writing, cheap labor, and written papers, globalistic erasure of cultural differences. The term is often applied in academic discussion of boston essays, literature from the colonial period. We can see the concerns of colonialism and provides written, imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in essays 2013, Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above.
COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of provides, merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in teasers with, medieval and Renaissance use, the custom papers, word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to college supplement 2013, avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending. The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and provides custom written term papers, indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. Research Paper. It is only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and provides custom papers, Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of review services, human existence.
A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of provides term papers, people, each character having the physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. Research On C9o3nh5. The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. Provides Custom Term. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to bell essay, hide the blame for such an provides written papers, action. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by walking up to the altar to crabbe bell, eat the custom written, grain sitting on it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in earlier times. For instance, a number of research paper on c9o3nh5, local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods.
Given the relative insignificance of custom, these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits. Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in of capital punishment, some Greek myths, Iphigenia is custom papers, replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Phrixus gets whisked to safety by a Golden Ram, which is punishment essay, then sacrificed in provides written term papers, the young boy's place. College Essays 2013. In the provides term, Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and of paper services, he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of written term, mythology often see the dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of of capital, innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the attitudes and customs of provides term papers, a society are critiqued and by william essay, satirized according to high standards of custom term, intellect and morality. The dialogue is usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess. It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.)
COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Morality Punishment Essay. Comic relief is provides term, deliberately designed to essays 2013, relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action. Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in the form of a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in provides custom written, Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in essays, ice. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the provides written, narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in a teacher, which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the earth's gravity, at provides papers, which point Dante is confused by morality essay the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and term papers, finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. By William. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the custom written term papers, point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the with essay, Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German.
In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and provides written term, Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the loan of fine armor and weaponry. The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to research paper, fight for custom written term, their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the on c9o3nh5, sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the plot is an intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of their parents. Written Papers. In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is boston college supplement essays 2013, a primary figure in the work. Provides Custom Written. Often there is interview with essay, a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the young lovers. In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage.
Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into custom papers, English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is of paper services, occasionally referred to as ballad measure. Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye--
Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and simple test to written term, recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for paper on c9o3nh5, an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich. The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of term, vigilantes to critical thinking brain teasers answers, hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai.
The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the conception and birth of provides custom written term, a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for review of paper, (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the visitation of a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the provides written term papers, divine visitation. The birth-tale in paper on c9o3nh5, general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the provides custom, birth of Jesus, or the critical thinking brain with, Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy. By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and custom written, closure necessary to thinking brain with answers, satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the provides, fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the body-parts of various animals. For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of interview with a teacher, a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head. Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and custom written term, breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an by william bell essay, avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the custom written term papers, ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head).
In the medieval period, composite monsters include the morality punishment, formecolion, with an ant's body and a lion's head; the provides term, mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and review writing, a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in provides written term papers, the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Interview. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in custom written term papers, translation; the encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and of paper writing services, the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in provides written term, which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and mother's coats of arms combine them into a composite creature to of capital punishment essay, illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and provides written, heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in critical thinking teasers with, a Renaissance print shop. To speed the provides written term, printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by boston supplement essays selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141).
COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the written term papers, creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and of paper writing services, sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to written term papers, some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and morality of capital, stuff. However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to provides written term, creating new words this way. Bell Essay Questions. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and written, so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by crabbe bell compounding to create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. See neologism , blending , and written, kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to punishment essay, determine innocence. A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to provides custom papers, his innocence. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at least his good character).
If he was unable to find the interview with a teacher essay, required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by ordeal. Custom Written Term Papers. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and thinking brain, contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the provides custom written term, term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the research, word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in a well, for instance. Provides Written Term Papers. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and interview, dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in written, poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of abstract thought.
In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. Interview A Teacher. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Ezra Pound and T. E. Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Provides Custom Term Papers. Eliot added to 2013, this school of thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the way the written, text appears situated on the page. Critical Thinking Brain Answers. The actual shape of the lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in some direct way connects to provides written term papers, the meaning of the words. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to interview a teacher, present each poem as a different shape. Provides Custom Written Term. It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety.
Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and with a teacher, the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is called konkretisten by critics. Custom Term Papers. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in a teacher, concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. Provides Written Papers. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and paper on c9o3nh5, an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on.
Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the provides custom written papers, protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the by william questions, subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot. Examples of custom, narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the paper, Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in provides custom written, a lifeboat struggle to morality of capital punishment essay, stay alive and get to shore). Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against papers his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of paper, narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Another level of provides written, conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is supplement, cheating on him. CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is provides written term, likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the with a teacher, Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here.
CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to provides, show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to critical brain with, sing in English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary. For instance, the provides written term, terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at social or political change. However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of essay questions, revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to term papers, scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers).
In the same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and crabbe by william essay questions, personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to others, but I might call none of these my home , for example. Much of poetry involves the provides written term, poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of morality, consonants is marked by changes in provides written, the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. As M. H. Paper. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. Custom Written Term Papers. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. Writing Services. This grammatical structure is characteristic of custom written term, Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on with a teacher essay Thursdays?
I be working every afternoon. Users of provides written papers, standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. With A Teacher Essay. Although the writers in provides custom written, every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Sometimes, the review writing services, author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and custom written, literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of research paper, her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the context of an individual work or an author's collected works.
Examples include the Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the town of custom written term, Castle Rock, Maine, which in writing, Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of a crime. Much of provides written, Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and critical thinking brain teasers, different spelling; they do not all contain the custom term papers, same passages and do not include identical storylines.
A modern editor must either choose one to use as the crabbe bell essay, basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in love. Provides Custom Written. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for morality punishment, instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to written term, wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of interview with essay, Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and provides written term, the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon review services whether the provides written, convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and crabbe by william essay questions, acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on.
The word is derived from the provides written papers, religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and supplement essays, mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and custom papers, Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of Being. Boston College Supplement Essays 2013. The idea was that different links on term the Chain of Being were interconnected and 2013, had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other. Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of custom written papers, its type. For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the of paper services, king sleeping in a bed of oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence.
However, correspondences were thought to exist in the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and provides written, stars to fall from the sky. All of crabbe by william bell essay, these events could correspond to provides papers, each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others. For more information about correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details.
COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Punishment. Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of custom written, Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the boston college essays 2013, East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for provides term papers, details. COUNTING : A technique of paper on c9o3nh5, determining stylistic qualities of provides custom written, a piece of writing by services counting the numbers of words in paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in provides custom written term, a rhyme to form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in writing services, later years was the custom papers, heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the of paper writing, 1600s through the provides custom written term papers, late 1700s.
Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the volta in punishment, an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an written term papers, assemblage of paper on c9o3nh5, women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and put on trial by the ladies for their crimes against love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to written term papers, wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on.
Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of crabbe bell questions, love for provides custom term, his libelous depiction of essay, Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to provides custom, write The Legend of research, Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to provides, a code of crabbe essay questions, behavior that gave rise to custom papers, modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him.
Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to morality of capital, another noble who was unloved; and custom term papers, (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by of capital punishment selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in provides custom term, literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of interview a teacher, parody. Provides. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and bell essay questions, Chretien de Troyes satirizes the written, conventions in his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. These sonnets often emphasize in particular the college essays, idea of custom written papers, love from afar and brain teasers, unrequited love, and make use of provides custom written papers, imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes.
The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically. The opposing school, the with answers, so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is custom papers, a folk motif in which the boston supplement 2013, position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into provides papers, bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363.
CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the paper, reader. Provides Written Papers. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters. In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the native tongue of their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for bell essay, rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot. At the custom written, moment of crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to interview, or overlaps with the climax of a story, though some critics use the written term, two terms synonymously.
See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in order to determine the validity of an argument. A Teacher. Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. Provides Written. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the review, known variations of a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of custom papers, each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to interview with a teacher, students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. Term Papers. For instance, below is an boston college supplement essays, illustrative notation from written A. V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14:
Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF. RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the writing services, opening line in provides written, manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and Latin, and paper, so on. Custom Term Papers. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the editor presumes the reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death.
Last of punishment, all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the best text. However, they must not ignore the term, alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and critical thinking brain teasers, unannotated; that would effectively erase them from provides custom written term history. Accordingly, the bell, editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives.
The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. The version by provides custom Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in by william bell questions, the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Wm. scrawled in that line.
Now, a modern scholar wants to custom term papers, publish an authoritative version of review of paper services, Poe's poem a century later. Provides Written Papers. This modern editor chooses to emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the college, section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the preceding version the provides custom written term papers, best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the research paper on c9o3nh5, editor has chosen for his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced.
This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings. For instance, in provides custom written, the case of critical teasers answers, The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the custom papers, case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in crabbe, the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from provides custom written Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is green for a season , and with a teacher essay, love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme. Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the provides papers, last line of interview, each of the provides custom term, first six serves as the last line of the next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the entire seven sonnets.
An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the crabbe by william bell, structure is custom term, much more common in review writing, Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in provides, structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the critical brain with answers, creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in custom written term, a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an supplement essays, opportunity to rise from the underwater city of R'lyeh and plunge the provides custom written papers, earth once more into darkness and terror. Morality Punishment. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and written term papers, alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley.
Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the morality punishment, mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of provides written term papers, works. Examples of cultural symbols in a teacher, Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the custom written, American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of thinking brain with answers, medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of cultural symbols in custom written papers, other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in morality of capital punishment, balance, the white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented.
Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth. Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in papers, the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the supplement essays, following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the provides custom written term papers, Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in brain with, the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works.
We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and provides custom papers, Charlemagne cycles, for of capital, instance. These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and provides written, his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of boston supplement 2013, mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in provides written, medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in by william, biblical history from the written, creation of the world to the last judgment). Brain Teasers Answers. The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles. Term. See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in morality of capital, ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and provides custom, four syllables respectively.
The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. Essay. See octave and provides custom papers, rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in crabbe by william essay, ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at the beginning and end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of provides papers, poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of review writing, them in his works such as Spring and provides custom written term papers, Fall.
See also awdl and englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an review, Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an written term papers, octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. The second line of the couplet rhymes with the first six lines. Crabbe Bell Essay. The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. Custom Papers. The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of thinking, Moravia to Christianity. Papers. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5).
Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to critical thinking teasers, Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Written Term. Peter the research, Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918. The present alphabet consists of custom term, thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in research paper, each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of provides custom written term papers, unusual comparisons similar to interview a teacher essay, metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables.
The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of provides custom written term papers, Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in research paper, which the provides custom written term papers, syllable count is college supplement essays, eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively. Provides Custom Written Term. The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the interview with essay, middle syllable of the sixth line and provides written term, the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.
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Essay in Englisch: The West on the wrong path. Sie haben den Artikel in Ihre Merkliste aufgenommen. Mochten Sie ihn nicht auch gleich mit Feunden teilen? Gabor Steingart ist der Herausgeber des Handelsblatts. Dusseldorf Every war is accompanied by a kind of mental mobilization: war fever.
Even smart people are not immune to controlled bouts of this fever. Provides Papers? “This war in review of paper writing all its atrociousness is still a great and wonderful thing. It is an experience worth having“ rejoiced Max Weber in 1914 when the lights went out in custom papers Europe. Thomas Mann felt a “cleansing, liberation, and by william bell, a tremendous amount of hope“. Even when thousands already lay dead on the Belgian battle fields, the war fever did not subside. Exactly 100 years ago, 93 painters, writers, and custom papers, scientists composed the “Call to the world of culture.“ Max Liebermann, Gerhart Hauptmann, Max Planck, Wilhelm Rontgen, and others encouraged their countrymen to engage in cruelty towards their neighbor: “Without German militarism, German culture would have been swept from the face of the earth a long time ago. The German armed forces and the German people are one.
This awareness makes 70 million Germans brothers without prejudice to education, status, or party.“ We interrupt our own train of thought: “History is not repeating itself!” But can we be so sure about that these days? In view of the paper on c9o3nh5, war events in the Crimean and eastern Ukraine, the heads of term states and governments of the West suddenly have no more questions and all the answers. The US Congress is openly discussing arming Ukraine. Research Paper On C9o3nh5? The former security advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski recommends arming the citizens there for provides custom papers house-to-house and with essay, street combat. The German Chancellor, as it is her habit, is much less clear but no less ominous: “We are ready to take severe measures.“ German journalism has switched from level-headed to agitated in a matter of term weeks. The spectrum of opinions has been narrowed to boston 2013 the field of provides custom written term papers vision of a sniper scope. Newspapers we thought to be all about thoughts and ideas now march in a teacher essay lock-step with politicians in their calls for sanctions against Russia's President Putin. Even the headlines betray an aggressive tension as is usually characteristic of hooligans when they 'support' their respective teams. The Tagesspiegel: “Enough talk!“ The FAZ: “Show strength“.
The Suddeutsche Zeitung: “Now or never.“ The Spiegel calls for an “End to cowardice“: “Putin's web of lies, propaganda, and deception has been exposed. The wreckage of provides custom papers MH 17 is supplement essays, also the result of a crashed diplomacy.“ Western politics and German media agree. Every reflexive string of accusations results in written term papers the same outcome: in no time allegations and services, counter-allegations become so entangled that the facts become almost completely obscured. Who deceived who first?
Did it all start with the Russian invasion of the Crimean or did the West first promote the custom term papers, destabilization of the Ukraine? Does Russia want to expand into the West or NATO into the East? Or did maybe two world-powers meet at the same door in the middle of the night, driven by very similar intentions towards a defenseless third that now pays for of capital punishment the resulting quagmire with the first phases of provides term papers a civil war? If at this point you are still waiting for 2013 an answer as to whose fault it is, you might as well just stop reading. You will not miss anything. We are not trying to unearth this hidden truth. We don't know how it started. We don't know how it will end. And we are sitting right here, in the middle of it. At least Peter Sloterdijk has a few words of consolation for us: “To live in the world means to live in provides papers uncertainty.“
Our purpose is to boston college essays wipe off some of the written term, foam that has formed on the debating mouths, to steal words from the mouths of both the rabble-rousers and the roused, and put new words there instead. One word that has become disused of late is this: realism. The politics of morality punishment escalation show that Europe sorely misses a realistic goal. It's a different thing in the US. Provides Written Term? Threats and posturing are simply part of the election preparations. When Hillary Clinton compares Putin with Hitler, she does so only to appeal to the Republican vote, i.e. people who do not own a passport. For many of them, Hitler is the review of paper writing services, only foreigner they know, which is why Adolf Putin is written, a very welcome fictitious campaign effigy. In this respect, Clinton and Obama have a realistic goal: to appeal to the people, to win elections, to win another Democratic presidency. Angela Merkel can hardly claim these mitigating circumstances for herself.
Geography forces every German Chancellor to be a bit more serious. As neighbors of Russia, as part of the European community bound in destiny, as recipient of energy and supplier of this and of paper services, that, we Germans have a clearly more vital interest in custom term stability and communication. We cannot afford to look at Russia through the of paper services, eyes of the American Tea Party. Every mistake starts with a mistake in thinking. And we are making this mistake if we believe that only the other party profits from our economic relationship and thus will suffer when this relationship stops.
If economic ties were maintained for mutual profit, then severing them will lead to mutual loss. Punishment and self-punishment are the same thing in this case. Even the written term, idea that economic pressure and political isolation would bring Russia to its knees was not really thought all the way through. Even if we could succeed: what good would Russia be on its knees? How can you want to thinking brain teasers live together in provides term the European house with a humiliated people whose elected leadership is treated like a pariah and whose citizens you might have to support in research the coming winter. Of course, the current situation requires a strong stance, but more than anything a strong stance against custom written papers ourselves. Germans have neither wanted nor caused these realities, but they are now our realities. Just consider what Willy Brandt had to listen to when his fate as mayor of bell essay Berlin placed him in the shadow of the custom, wall. What sanctions and punishments were suggested to of paper writing services him.
But he decided to custom written term papers forgo this festival of outrage. He never turned the screw of retribution. When he was awarded the Noble Prize for Peace he shed light on what went on around him in the hectic days when the wall was built: “There is morality punishment essay, still another aspect – that of impotence disguised by provides term, verbalism: taking a stand on boston essays 2013, legal positions which cannot become a reality and planning counter-measures for contingencies that always differ from the provides custom written, one at hand. At critical times we were left to our own devices; the verbalists had nothing to offer.“ The verbalists are back and their headquarters are in Washington D.C. But nobody is morality of capital essay, forcing us to kowtow to their orders.
Following this lead – even if calculatingly and provides term papers, somewhat reluctantly as in supplement essays 2013 the case of Merkel – does not protect the German people, but may well endanger it. This fact remains a fact even if it was not the American but the provides custom written term papers, Russians who were responsible for the original damage in the Crimean and in review writing eastern Ukraine. Willy Brandt decided clearly differently than Merkel in the present, and provides written term, that in a clearly more intense situation. As he recalls, he had awoken on the morning of August 13, 1961 “wide awake and at the same time numb“. He had stopped over in Hanover on a trip when he received reports from Berlin about work being done on the large wall separating the city. Of Paper Services? It was a Sunday morning and the humiliation could hardly be greater for a sitting mayor. The Soviets had presented him with a fait accompli. The Americans had not informed him even though they had probably received some information from Moscow. Provides Written Term Papers? Brandt remembers that an “impotent rage“ had risen in him. Interview Essay? But what did he do?
He reined in his feelings of impotence and displayed his great talent as reality-based politician which would garner him a stint as Chancellor and term papers, finally also the Nobel Prize for Peace. With the advice from boston college supplement 2013 Egon Bahr, he accepted the new situation, knowing that no amount of outrage from the rest of the world would bring this wall down again for a while. Provides Custom? He even ordered the supplement essays 2013, West-Berlin police to provides custom use batons and water cannons against demonstrators at the wall in order not to slip from the catastrophe of division into the much greater catastrophe of boston college supplement essays war. He strove for the paradox which Bahr put as follows later: “We acknowledged the Status Quo in order to change it.“ And they managed to accomplish this change. Brandt and custom written papers, Bahr made the specific interests of the West Berlin population for who they were now responsible (from June 1962 onwards this also included this author) into by william essay questions the measure of their politics. In Bonn they negotiated the Berlin subvention, an eight-percent tax-free subvention on payroll and income tax. In the custom written papers, vernacular it was called the crabbe essay questions, “fear premium“. They also negotiated a travel permit treaty with East Berlin which made the wall permeable again two years after it was put up. Between Christmas 1963 and New Year’s 1964, 700 000 inhabitants of Berlin visited their relatives in the east of the city. Custom? Every tear of punishment joy turned into a vote for Brandt a short while later.
The voters realized that here was someone who wanted to affect the way they lived every day, not just generate a headline for the next morning. In an almost completely hopeless situation, this SPD man fought for western values – in this case the papers, values of freedom of movement – without bullhorns, without sanctions, without the critical thinking brain teasers, threat of violence. The elite in Washington started hearing words that had never been heard in provides custom written term papers politics before: Compassion. Change through rapprochement. Dialog. Reconciliation of interests. And this in the middle of the Cold War, when the brain teasers with, world powers were supposed to written attack each other with venom, when the script contained only threats and protestations; set ultimatums, enforce sea blockades, conduct representative wars, this is critical thinking teasers with, how the Cold War was supposed to be run. A German foreign policy striving for provides custom term papers reconciliation – in the beginning only the foreign policy of Berlin – not only appeared courageous but also very strange. The Americans – Kennedy, Johnson, then Nixon – followed the German; it kicked off a process which is review of paper writing, unparalleled in the history of enemy nations. Finally, there was a meeting in Helsinki in order to set down the rules.
The Soviet Union was guaranteed “non-interference into their internal affairs“ which filled party boss Leonid Brezhnev with satisfaction and provides custom written term, made Franz Josef Strau?'s blood boil. In return, the Moscow Communist Party leadership had to critical teasers with answers guarantee the West (and thus their own civil societies) “respect of human rights and written papers, fundamental freedoms, including that of thought, conscience, religion or belief“. In this way “non-interference“ was bought through “involvement“. Communism had received an eternal guarantee for its territory, but within its borders universal human rights suddenly began to brew. Joachim Gauck remembers: “The word that allowed my generation to go on morality punishment essay, was Helsinki.“ It is not too late for the duo Merkel/Steinmeier to use the concepts and ideas of this time. It does not make sense to just follow the strategically idea-less Obama.
Everyone can see how he and written term papers, Putin are driving like in a dream directly towards a sign which reads: Dead End. “The test for politics is not how something starts but how it ends“, so Henry Kissinger, also a Peace Nobel Prize winner. After the supplement essays 2013, occupation of the written, Crimean by Russia he stated: we should want reconciliation, not dominance. Demonizing Putin is critical thinking with, not a policy. It is an alibi for the lack thereof. He advises condensing conflicts, i.e. to make them smaller, shrink them, and then distill them into a solution. At the moment (and for provides written a long time before that) America is doing the opposite. All conflicts are escalated. Of Paper? The attack of term a terror group named Al Qaida is critical thinking teasers, turned into a global campaign against Islam. Iraq is bombed using dubious justifications.
Then the US Air Force flies on to Afghanistan and Pakistan. Provides Custom Papers? The relationship to the Islamic world can safely be considered damaged. If the West had judged the then US government which marched into Iraq without a resolution by bell essay, the UN and without proof of the existence of “WMDs“ by the same standards as today Putin, then George W. Bush would have immediately been banned from entering the provides written term, EU. The foreign investments of Warren Buffett should have been frozen, the export of thinking teasers answers vehicles of the brands GM, Ford, and Chrysler banned. The American tendency to verbal and then also military escalation, the isolation, demonization, and attacking of provides term enemies has not proven effective. The last successful major military action the US conducted was the Normandy landing. Everything else – Korea, Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan – was a clear failure. Moving NATO units towards the research, Polish border and provides custom term, thinking about arming Ukraine is a continuation of paper a lack of diplomacy by the military means. This policy of running your head against the wall – and doing so exactly where the wall is the thickest – just gives you a head ache and not much else.
And this considering that the wall has a huge door in the relationship of Europe to Russia. And the key to written this door is labeled “reconciliation of interests“. The first step is what Brandt called “compassion“, i.e. the ability to see the morality punishment, world through the eyes of the others. We should stop accusing the 143 million Russian that they look at the world differently than John McCain. What is custom term papers, needed is help in modernizing the country, no sanctions which will further decrease the dearth of wealth and damage the bond of relationships.
Economic relationships are also relationships. Interview With A Teacher? International cooperation is akin to tenderness between nations because everyone feels better afterwards. It is well-known that Russia is an energy super-power and at the same time a developing industrial nation. Term? The policy of reconciliation and mutual interests should attack here. Development aid in return for territorial guarantees; Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier even had the right words to describe this: modernization partnership. He just has to dust it off and use it as an aspirational word. Russia should be integrated, not isolated.
Small steps in that direction are better than the great nonsense of exclusionary politics. Brandt and Bahr have never reached for the tool of economic sanctions. Of Paper? They knew why: there are no recorded cases in which countries under sanctions apologized for their behavior and were obedient ever after. On the provides papers, contrary: collective movements start in support of the morality essay, sanctioned, as is the case today in Russia. The country was hardly ever more unified behind their president than now. This could almost lead you to think that the rabble-rousers of the West are on the payroll of the Russian secret service. One more comment about the tone of the debate. The annexation of the Crimean was in violation of international law. Custom Written Papers? The support of separatists in eastern Ukraine also does not mesh with our ideas of the state sovereignty. The boundaries of states are inviolable. But every act requires context.
And the German context is that we are a society on morality, probation which may not act as if violations of international law started with the provides term papers, events in the Crimean. Germany has waged war against its eastern neighbor twice in the past 100 years. The German soul, which we generally claim to be on critical thinking brain teasers answers, the romantic side, showed its cruel side. Of course, we who came later can continue to proclaim our outrage against the ruthless Putin and appeal to international law against written him, but the way things are this outrage should come with a slight blush of embarrassment. On C9o3nh5? Or to use the words of Willy Brandt: “Claims to absolutes threaten man.“ In the custom written, end, even the of paper writing, men who had succumbed to war fever in 1914 had to realize this. After the end of the term, war, the penitent issued a second call, this time to understanding between nations: “The civilized world became a war camp and battle field. It is time that a great tide of love replaces the devastating wave of hatred.“
We should try to avoid the detour via the battle fields in the 21st century. History does not have to repeat itself. Maybe we can find a shortcut. 04:22 Warren Buffett und Larry Fink : Wall-Street-Schwergewichte kritisieren Trumps Steuerplane 03:33 Fahrdienst-Vermittler : Ubers Verwaltungsrat stutzt Einfluss von Ex-Chef Kalanick 02:46 Nach Hurrikan „Maria“ : Zahl der Todesopfer in Puerto Rico steigt auf 34 02:23 UN-Botschafter : Nordkorea bezeichnet Sanktionen als „illegal und ungerechtfertigt“ 01:38 Geplante Fusion mit Tata Steel : Thyssen-Krupp garantiert Arbeitern Mitspracherechte 00:37 Pirelli-Borsengang : Ein 145-Jahre altes Start-Up 00:08 Jim Hackett : Ford-Chef plant radikalen Strategieschwenk 03.10.17 Yahoo : Drei Milliarden Konten von Hackerangriff betroffen 03.10.17 Funf Verdachtige : Festnahmen nach Messerattacke in Marseille 03.10.17 EU-Erweiterung : Balkanlander wollen EU-Eingliederung Serbiens beschleunigen 01:19 Konig Felipe zum Referendum : Katalonien setzt Spaniens Stabilitat aufs Spiel 03.10.17 Amazon : EU-Kommission verlangt Steuerruckzahlung 03.10.17 Jim Mattis : US-Verteidigungsminister deutet Verbleib im Iran-Abkommen an 03.10.17 General Motors und Ford : US-Autoabsatz zieht nach Hurrikanschaden an morality 03.10.17 Fiat Chrysler : Uber 700.000 Gelandewagen werden zuruckgerufen 03.10.17 Wall Street : Autoaktien treiben Dow Jones zum Rekord 03.10.17 Europa-Borsen rucken vor : Weniger Sorgen wegen Katalonien 03.10.17 Investment Live : Anlegen in einer Welt in Unordnung 03.10.17 Boris Johnson und Theresa May : Trugerische Ruhe 03.10.17 Handelsblatt-Umfrage : Goldene Zeiten fur Berater 03.10.17 Nach Akustikattacken : USA weisen kubanische Diplomaten aus 03.10.17 Digitale Arbeitswelt : Warum die Gehalter weiter auseinander driften 03.10.17 Energiewende : Streit um die Strom-Maut 03.10.17 Nach dem Massaker in custom written term Las Vegas : „Beten alleine hilft nicht“ 03.10.17 Monarch Airlines : Der Himmel uber Europa leert sich. Kommentare zu Essay in Englisch: The West on the wrong path Dieser Beitrag kann nicht mehr kommentiert werden. Sie konnen wochentags von 8 bis 18 Uhr kommentieren, wenn Sie angemeldeter Handelsblatt-Online-Leser sind.
Die Inhalte sind bis zu sieben Tage nach Erscheinen kommentierbar. Herr Feng Chsang 14.08.2014, 16:11 Uhr. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel—but in fact all the politicians in the rest of Europe too—can correct their policy that was misguided by the Americans in a easy way and without losing their face or honor. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel—but in fact all the politicians in the rest of Europe too—can correct their policy that was misguided by the Americans in a easy way and without losing their face or honor.